Biodiesel jatropha

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  • 1.  
  • 2.  
  • 3. Presentation on Bio-fuels Presented By – Akshay Samant, Abhijit Singh, Manvit Kaur, Manish, Titanun
  • 4. Contents
    • What is Bio-Diesel?
    • Uses of Bio-Diesel
    • Biofuel Life Cycle
    • Jatropha Process
    • Features Of Jatropha- Biodiesel
    • Facts & Figures
    • Production Cost and Revenue
    • Drivers and Challenges
    • Practicality
    • Conclusion
    11/06/11
  • 5. What is Bio-Diesel?
    • a processed fuel derived from biological sources (such as vegetable oils), which can be used in unmodified diesel-engined vehicles.
    11/06/11
  • 6. Uses of Biodiesel
    • Electricity production
    • Transportation
      • Railways
      • Ships
      • Automobiles
    11/06/11
  • 7. 11/06/11
  • 8. Jatropha Process
  • 9. Features Of Jatropha- Biodiesel
    • Jatropha grows well on low fertility soils
    • Jatropha begins yielding seeds in the first year after plantation.
  • 10. Facts & Figures
    • The cost of 1kg of jatropha seeds in India is 6 Rupees.
    • The cost of 1000 jatropha saplings (enough for one acre) in Pakistan is around 5000PKR.
    • After the first five years, the typical annual yield of a jatropha tree is 3.5kg of beans .
    • Jatropha trees are productive for up to 30-40 years .
    • 2,200 trees can be planted per hectare (approx 1,000 per acre).
    • 1 hectare yields around 7 tonnes of seeds per year.
    • The oil pressed from 4kg of seeds is needed to make 1 litre of biodiesel
  • 11. Facts & Figures
    • Glycerol , a biproduct of biodiesel refinement, can be sold in India for around 45-70p per kilogram.
    • Crushing 1 tonne of Jatropha seeds costs around $40 (£23)
    • 1 tonne of seedcake (the leftovers after pressing) can be sold for $100 (£55).
    • Filtered jatropha oil can be used as is in many diesel vehicles (as SVO ) with only small modifications required to the engine.
    • Jatropha oil can be used as a kerosene substitute for heating and lamps.
    • Jatropha oil burns with a clear smokeless flame .
    • Bio-Diesel is sold in India at Rs.36/litre.
  • 12. BIO-DIESEL PLANT
  • 13. Production Cost and Revenue
  • 14. Production Cost and Profit
    • Cost of raw jatropha oil = Rs. 22/litre
    • Biodiesel processing cost = Rs. 9/litre
    • Cost of production = Rs. 31/litre
    • Less return from crude glycerol = Rs. 3/litre
    • Net cost of production = Rs. 28/litre
    • Dealers margin = Rs. 1/litre
    • Profit = Rs. 3/litre
    • Sale price of biodiesel = Rs. 32/litre
  • 15. Drivers & Challenges
    • Drivers
    • Increasing energy demand and rise in oil prices
    • National Bio-fuel Policies
    • Support from automobile manufacturers (GM motors and US Dept of Energy are collaborating with Indian Research institute)
    • Challenges
    • Raw material supply constraints
    • Food v/s Fuel
    • Cost competitiveness
    11/06/11
  • 16. Practicality
    • Indian Railways
    • Singed MoU with Indian Oil Corporation for planting Jatropha.
    • 43000 hec out which 81 hec is planted.
    • RDSO-Transesterification Plant for Biodiesel.
    • Regenatec
    • British Company
    • JV activity in India with CleanStar.
    • Beed District.
    11/06/11
  • 17. Some more practicalities
    • The former President of India , Dr. Abdul Kalam , is one of the strong advocaters of Jatropha cultivation for production of bio-diesel.
    • The State Bank of India provided a boost to the cultivation of Jatropha in India by signing a MoU with D1 Mohan , a joint venture of D1 Oils plc, to give loans to the tune of 1.3 billion rupees to local farmers in India.
    11/06/11 Older diesel Mercedes are popular for running on biodiesel
  • 18. Interesting practicalities states
    • A ndhra P radesh has entered into a formal agreement with Reliance Industries for Jatropha planting.
      • The company has selected 200 acres (0.81 km 2 ) of land at Kakinada to grow Jatropha for high quality bio-diesel fuel .
    • Chhattisgarh has decided to plant 160 million saplings of Jatropha in all its 16 districts during 2006 with the aim of becoming a bio-fuel self-reliant state by 2015 .
    11/06/11
  • 19. Maharashtra-
    • In Nov 2005, the Maharashtra Government aimed to cultivate Jatropha on 600 km² in the state.
    • On July 1, 2006, Pune Municipal Corporation took the lead among Indian cities in using bio-diesel from Jatropha in over 100 public buses.
    • September 2007- H industan P etroleum C orporation L imited(HPCL) joined hands with the M aharashtra S tate F arming C orporation L td(MSFCL) for a Jatropha seed-based bio-diesel venture.
    • Jatropha plant would be grown on 500 acres (2 km²) in Nashik and Aurangabad.
    11/06/11
  • 20. Conclusion
    • By mixing of 20 per cent biodiesel with diesel will help India to save 7.3x10 6 tonnes of diesel per year.
    • In India about 33 million hectares of wasteland is available and can effectively be used for cultivation of jatropha plants.
    • It offers business possibility to agricultural enterprises and rural employment.
  • 21. Bibli Bibliography ography
    • Jatrophaworld.org
    • Reuk.co.uk
    • Regenatec
    • Inchem.org
    • Wikipedia
    11/06/11
  • 22. 11/06/11