Biodiesel jatropha

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Biodiesel jatropha

  1. 3. Presentation on Bio-fuels Presented By – Akshay Samant, Abhijit Singh, Manvit Kaur, Manish, Titanun
  2. 4. Contents <ul><li>What is Bio-Diesel? </li></ul><ul><li>Uses of Bio-Diesel </li></ul><ul><li>Biofuel Life Cycle </li></ul><ul><li>Jatropha Process </li></ul><ul><li>Features Of Jatropha- Biodiesel </li></ul><ul><li>Facts & Figures </li></ul><ul><li>Production Cost and Revenue </li></ul><ul><li>Drivers and Challenges </li></ul><ul><li>Practicality </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul>11/06/11
  3. 5. What is Bio-Diesel? <ul><li>a processed fuel derived from biological sources (such as vegetable oils), which can be used in unmodified diesel-engined vehicles. </li></ul>11/06/11
  4. 6. Uses of Biodiesel <ul><li>Electricity production </li></ul><ul><li>Transportation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Railways </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ships </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Automobiles </li></ul></ul>11/06/11
  5. 7. 11/06/11
  6. 8. Jatropha Process
  7. 9. Features Of Jatropha- Biodiesel <ul><li>Jatropha grows well on low fertility soils </li></ul><ul><li>Jatropha begins yielding seeds in the first year after plantation. </li></ul>
  8. 10. Facts & Figures <ul><li>The cost of 1kg of jatropha seeds in India is 6 Rupees. </li></ul><ul><li>The cost of 1000 jatropha saplings (enough for one acre) in Pakistan is around 5000PKR. </li></ul><ul><li>After the first five years, the typical annual yield of a jatropha tree is 3.5kg of beans . </li></ul><ul><li>Jatropha trees are productive for up to 30-40 years . </li></ul><ul><li>2,200 trees can be planted per hectare (approx 1,000 per acre). </li></ul><ul><li>1 hectare yields around 7 tonnes of seeds per year. </li></ul><ul><li>The oil pressed from 4kg of seeds is needed to make 1 litre of biodiesel </li></ul>
  9. 11. Facts & Figures <ul><li>Glycerol , a biproduct of biodiesel refinement, can be sold in India for around 45-70p per kilogram. </li></ul><ul><li>Crushing 1 tonne of Jatropha seeds costs around $40 (£23) </li></ul><ul><li>1 tonne of seedcake (the leftovers after pressing) can be sold for $100 (£55). </li></ul><ul><li>Filtered jatropha oil can be used as is in many diesel vehicles (as SVO ) with only small modifications required to the engine. </li></ul><ul><li>Jatropha oil can be used as a kerosene substitute for heating and lamps. </li></ul><ul><li>Jatropha oil burns with a clear smokeless flame . </li></ul><ul><li>Bio-Diesel is sold in India at Rs.36/litre. </li></ul>
  10. 12. BIO-DIESEL PLANT
  11. 13. Production Cost and Revenue
  12. 14. Production Cost and Profit <ul><li>Cost of raw jatropha oil = Rs. 22/litre </li></ul><ul><li>Biodiesel processing cost = Rs. 9/litre </li></ul><ul><li>Cost of production = Rs. 31/litre </li></ul><ul><li>Less return from crude glycerol = Rs. 3/litre </li></ul><ul><li>Net cost of production = Rs. 28/litre </li></ul><ul><li>Dealers margin = Rs. 1/litre </li></ul><ul><li>Profit = Rs. 3/litre </li></ul><ul><li>Sale price of biodiesel = Rs. 32/litre </li></ul>
  13. 15. Drivers & Challenges <ul><li>Drivers </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing energy demand and rise in oil prices </li></ul><ul><li>National Bio-fuel Policies </li></ul><ul><li>Support from automobile manufacturers (GM motors and US Dept of Energy are collaborating with Indian Research institute) </li></ul><ul><li>Challenges </li></ul><ul><li>Raw material supply constraints </li></ul><ul><li>Food v/s Fuel </li></ul><ul><li>Cost competitiveness </li></ul>11/06/11
  14. 16. Practicality <ul><li>Indian Railways </li></ul><ul><li>Singed MoU with Indian Oil Corporation for planting Jatropha. </li></ul><ul><li>43000 hec out which 81 hec is planted. </li></ul><ul><li>RDSO-Transesterification Plant for Biodiesel. </li></ul><ul><li>Regenatec </li></ul><ul><li>British Company </li></ul><ul><li>JV activity in India with CleanStar. </li></ul><ul><li>Beed District. </li></ul>11/06/11
  15. 17. Some more practicalities <ul><li>The former President of India , Dr. Abdul Kalam , is one of the strong advocaters of Jatropha cultivation for production of bio-diesel. </li></ul><ul><li>The State Bank of India provided a boost to the cultivation of Jatropha in India by signing a MoU with D1 Mohan , a joint venture of D1 Oils plc, to give loans to the tune of 1.3 billion rupees to local farmers in India. </li></ul>11/06/11 Older diesel Mercedes are popular for running on biodiesel
  16. 18. Interesting practicalities states <ul><li>A ndhra P radesh has entered into a formal agreement with Reliance Industries for Jatropha planting. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The company has selected 200 acres (0.81 km 2 ) of land at Kakinada to grow Jatropha for high quality bio-diesel fuel . </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Chhattisgarh has decided to plant 160 million saplings of Jatropha in all its 16 districts during 2006 with the aim of becoming a bio-fuel self-reliant state by 2015 . </li></ul>11/06/11
  17. 19. Maharashtra- <ul><li>In Nov 2005, the Maharashtra Government aimed to cultivate Jatropha on 600 km² in the state. </li></ul><ul><li>On July 1, 2006, Pune Municipal Corporation took the lead among Indian cities in using bio-diesel from Jatropha in over 100 public buses. </li></ul><ul><li>September 2007- H industan P etroleum C orporation L imited(HPCL) joined hands with the M aharashtra S tate F arming C orporation L td(MSFCL) for a Jatropha seed-based bio-diesel venture. </li></ul><ul><li>Jatropha plant would be grown on 500 acres (2 km²) in Nashik and Aurangabad. </li></ul>11/06/11
  18. 20. Conclusion <ul><li>By mixing of 20 per cent biodiesel with diesel will help India to save 7.3x10 6 tonnes of diesel per year. </li></ul><ul><li>In India about 33 million hectares of wasteland is available and can effectively be used for cultivation of jatropha plants. </li></ul><ul><li>It offers business possibility to agricultural enterprises and rural employment. </li></ul>
  19. 21. Bibli Bibliography ography <ul><li>Jatrophaworld.org </li></ul><ul><li>Reuk.co.uk </li></ul><ul><li>Regenatec </li></ul><ul><li>Inchem.org </li></ul><ul><li>Wikipedia </li></ul>11/06/11
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