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What factors influence us in
making judgment about others?.
What are the common errors we
 make in judging other people’s
...
Organizational Behavior / Perception   2
What Is Perception, and Why Is It
Important?
 Perception
                            • People’s behavior is
 A process by ...
Factors influencing perception

A number of factors operate to shape and
sometimes distort perception. These factors
can r...
factors influence us in
making judgment




                          5
Factors in the perceiver
   Attitudes
   Motives
   Interest
   Experiences
   Expectations
Factors in the target
     Novelty
     Motion
     Sounds
     Size
     Background
     Proximity
     Similarity
Causes of errors in judgments
Selective Perception :

People selectively interpret what they see on the basis of their

in...
Contrast Effect :

Evaluation of a person’s characteristics that are effected by comparisons with

other people recently e...
“ WE DON’T SEE THINGS AS

THEY ARE, WE SEE THINGS

       AS WE ARE.”
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Judging Other People’S

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What factors influence us in
making judgment about others?.
What are the common errors we
make in judging other people’s
behaviors?.

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Transcript of "Judging Other People’S"

  1. 1. What factors influence us in making judgment about others?. What are the common errors we make in judging other people’s behaviors?.
  2. 2. Organizational Behavior / Perception 2
  3. 3. What Is Perception, and Why Is It Important? Perception • People’s behavior is A process by which based on their individuals organize and perception of what interpret their sensory reality is, not on impressions in order to reality itself. give meaning to their environment. • The world as it is perceived is the world that is behaviorally important. 3
  4. 4. Factors influencing perception A number of factors operate to shape and sometimes distort perception. These factors can reside in the perceiver, in the object or target being perceived or in the context of the situation in which the perception is made.
  5. 5. factors influence us in making judgment 5
  6. 6. Factors in the perceiver Attitudes Motives Interest Experiences Expectations
  7. 7. Factors in the target Novelty Motion Sounds Size Background Proximity Similarity
  8. 8. Causes of errors in judgments Selective Perception : People selectively interpret what they see on the basis of their interests, background, experience and attitudes. Halo Effect : Drawing a general impressions about an individual on the basis of a single characteristics
  9. 9. Contrast Effect : Evaluation of a person’s characteristics that are effected by comparisons with other people recently encountered who rank higher or lower on the same characteristics. Projection : Attributing one's own characteristics to other people. Stereotyping : Judging someone on the basis of one’s perception of the group to which that persons belongs.
  10. 10. “ WE DON’T SEE THINGS AS THEY ARE, WE SEE THINGS AS WE ARE.”
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