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    1. 1. Evaluating and Continuing the Alaska FOCUS© on Safety Curriculum Samantha Holmberg Southcentral Foundation McGrath Health Educator I
    2. 2. Purpose of the Project <ul><li>Evaluate the Alaska FOCUS © on Safety curriculum, designed to promote injury prevention for Alaskan youth </li></ul><ul><li>Deliver 7 risk factor modules designed for Grades K-8 th but delivered to Grades K-12 </li></ul><ul><li>Continue curriculum evaluations in McGrath, Nikolai and Takotna; populations 412, 100, and 50, respectively </li></ul><ul><li>Safety Product distribution: vocal smoke alarms, CO detectors, cable gun locks, reflective tape </li></ul>
    3. 3. Iditarod Area School District <ul><li>Obtain full support from District Superintendent </li></ul><ul><li>District purchased curriculum for 7 schools </li></ul><ul><li>Conduct teacher training at in-service </li></ul><ul><li>Establish a working relationship with teachers and maintain close contact </li></ul><ul><li>Maintain a clear vision of deliverance </li></ul>
    4. 4. Teacher Responsibilities <ul><li>Maintain a collaborative approach for an over all effectiveness of this curriculum </li></ul><ul><li>Identify resources in the community </li></ul><ul><li>Test student knowledge before and after </li></ul><ul><li>Conduct observational and home surveys </li></ul><ul><li>Teach monthly risk factor modules </li></ul>
    5. 5. Identify Resources <ul><li>Identify local Elders to help teach and emphasize cultural practices pertaining to safety </li></ul><ul><li>Identify local experts for each injury prevention topic: Fire Chief, Health Aides, Village Public Safety Officer </li></ul><ul><li>Availability and installation of safety products: </li></ul><ul><li>vocal smoke alarms, CO monitors, cable gun locks, reflective tape </li></ul>
    6. 6. Monthly Awareness Modules Sept. Firearm and Pedestrian Safety Oct. Fire Safety Dec. Snowmachine Safety Nov. Hypothermia and Ice Safety
    7. 7. Monthly Awareness Modules Feb. Poison Safety Jan. Fall Prevention March Water Safety April ATV Safety
    8. 8. Product Distribution <ul><li>Contact State and local agencies to help fund or provide safety products </li></ul><ul><li>Search and apply for Mini Grants </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>State of Alaska – Vocal Smoke Alarms </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Alaska State Troopers – Gun Locks </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>ANTHC – Reflective Tape </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Denali Safety Council Mini-Grant </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Utilize all grant opportunities </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>                                </li></ul></ul></ul>
    9. 9. September ~ Firearm/Hunting Safety <ul><li>Alaska State Troopers donated gun locks </li></ul><ul><li>Alaska State Trooper Brett Gibbens distributed gun locks </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Local resource </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Presentation </li></ul></ul>Trooper Gibbens
    10. 10. September ~ Pedestrian Safety <ul><li>ANTHC provided reflective tape </li></ul><ul><li>Held several iron on workshops </li></ul><ul><li>Utilize the School Student Council </li></ul>Connie Trinidad
    11. 11. October ~ Fire Safety <ul><li>McGrath Volunteer Fire Fighters volunteered to install vocal smoke detectors </li></ul><ul><li>State of Alaska-DHSS Mary Krom partnered with this project for statistical data and piloted the vocal smoke detectors </li></ul>Fire Chief ~ Mike Bye Asset: Utilizes local resources
    12. 12. November ~ Cold Water/Ice/Hypothermia <ul><li>Kuskokwim Valley Rescue Squad, Kim Wortman and Erin Norback were trained in Seward to become ETT </li></ul><ul><li>Upon completion they developed a power point presentation on Cold Water/Ice/Hypothermia to K-5th graders </li></ul>Erin Norback, Kim Wortman and Julie Mueller Asset: Strengthening the bond between local mentors – young leaders
    13. 13. December ~ Snowmachine Safety <ul><li>Alaska Division of Parks and Outdoor Recreation ~ Snowmobile Trails Program </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ On Track for Life” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Modified Kenai Peninsula Safe Kids Coalition </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Received 05/06 Grant </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Denali Safety Council </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Gordon Glaser </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Observational Studies </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Left over snowmachine helmets were handed out to those who didn’t receive one last year </li></ul>Duane, Erin and Molly Norback
    14. 14. January ~ Fall Safety <ul><li>No products were handed out </li></ul><ul><li>TO DO LIST </li></ul><ul><li>Student safety survey </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Elder/Youth connection </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Product orders </li></ul>
    15. 15. February ~ Poison Safety <ul><li>Carbon Monoxide detectors were purchased by the State of Alaska – DHSS, Mary Krom </li></ul><ul><li>McGrath Volunteer Fire Dept. installed in homes with presentations in the classroom </li></ul>Mike and Lemar Bye
    16. 16. March ~ Cold Water Safety <ul><li>Kids Don’t Float Program Peer Education ~ </li></ul><ul><li>Trish Herrmann, Park Specialist for State of Alaska-Department of Natural Resources </li></ul>*Camp Fire USA (2005)
    17. 17. April ~ ATV Safety <ul><li>ATV helmets were available to those who took the ATV class offered by Mike Bye (Innoko Fish and Wildlife) </li></ul>George Jackson
    18. 18. End of Year ~ Safety Fair <ul><li>End of year Safety Fair </li></ul><ul><li>Student chooses the most favorable safety learning lesson </li></ul><ul><li>Fire Truck and Ambulance </li></ul><ul><li>Potluck </li></ul><ul><li>Elder involvement </li></ul>Joan O’Neal, Daedre Gibbens, Lemar Bye and Derek Magnuson Damion Magnuson
    19. 19. Methods <ul><li>Pre and post K-12 safety knowledge tests conducted in the 3 schools </li></ul><ul><li>Pre and Post Home Safety Surveys conducted in 3 villages </li></ul><ul><li>Pre and Post Observational Helmet surveys </li></ul><ul><li>Focus Groups conducted in all 3 villages for Grades 6-12. Each group held during school hours and focused on gathering information on youth attitudes, beliefs and behaviors pertaining to helmet usage </li></ul>
    20. 20. Results <ul><li>Home surveys: McGrath 72%, Nikolai 75%, </li></ul><ul><li>Takotna 75% with the following results: </li></ul><ul><li>Smoke Alarms in place: Pre 93% Post 100% </li></ul><ul><li>Working Smoke Alarms: Pre 70% Post 96% </li></ul><ul><li>Fire Escape Plan: Pre 59% Post 78% </li></ul><ul><li>Practice Plan: Pre 4% Post 37% </li></ul>
    21. 21. Student Knowledge Test Results
    22. 22. Results, continued <ul><li>Medicine out of reach: Pre 63% Post 85% </li></ul><ul><li>Know Poison Hotline: Pre 70% Post 59% </li></ul><ul><li>Ever used Hotline: Pre 19% Post 33% </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge of thin ice: Pre 15% Post 59% </li></ul><ul><li>Wear appropriate clothing: Pre 96% Post 96% </li></ul><ul><li>ATV Helmet usage No significant change </li></ul>
    23. 23. Results, continued <ul><li>Snowmachine helmet usage: no significant change except for students that wore their helmets ½ of the time (Pre) now wear their helmets all the time (post) as reported by parents </li></ul><ul><li>Personal Floatation Device: time of year prevents Post observational surveys. </li></ul>
    24. 24. Curriculum Goals & Objectives 07/08 <ul><li>First and foremost is that this curriculum is aligned with State Standards </li></ul><ul><li>Continue observational studies </li></ul><ul><li>Monthly themes are the same </li></ul><ul><li>Testing knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher evaluations on curriculum content </li></ul><ul><li>Student survey’s on attitudes, behaviors and beliefs </li></ul><ul><li>End of year Safety Fair </li></ul>
    25. 25. Observational Surveys <ul><li>Purpose: Collect supportive and </li></ul><ul><li>solid data on norms </li></ul><ul><li>Selected sites are important to </li></ul><ul><li>maintain consistency and proper </li></ul><ul><li>data collection </li></ul><ul><li>Total of 6 hours a month </li></ul><ul><li>Students benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Community benefits </li></ul>
    26. 26. Video Correspondence <ul><li>Depends on participation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Each month video conferences will be offered </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Target student population </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>9 th grade – 12 th grade </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Deliverance from High School to younger peers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Monthly themes followed </li></ul><ul><li>Once – Twice a month </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Delivery/Student expectations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>High School Student deliverance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Thru video conference? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Thru direct individual school contact? </li></ul></ul></ul>
    27. 27. Overview of Teacher Involvement <ul><li>Test Knowledge in September & April </li></ul><ul><li>Student Survey before & after of each </li></ul><ul><li>risk factor monthly theme </li></ul><ul><li>Classroom projects </li></ul><ul><li>(Optional) High School Student video </li></ul><ul><li>instructions to K-8 th grade </li></ul><ul><li>implementation </li></ul>
    28. 28. Evaluations <ul><li>Teacher Evaluation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Data collection on content and deliverance </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Student Evaluation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Data collection on attitudes, behaviors and beliefs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Follow-up Product Evaluations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>McGrath, Nikolai And Takotna </li></ul></ul>
    29. 29. Conclusions <ul><li>Due to the implementation of the Alaska Focus on Safety curriculum, positive safety behavior changes and practices were observed in all 3 villages per the home safety surveys. Additionally, all students showed between 10 to 18% increase in safety knowledge as evidenced by the post-tests. </li></ul>

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