The Oregon Trail (right one)


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My presentation is about the perils that the pioneers faced along the Oregon Trail. Among the many hardships they endured, this presentation covers some of the most dangerous ones; such as, river crossings, food shortages, diseases and sicknesses, accidents, facing the weather, and indian attacks. I chose this topic because I wanted to educate my audience about the hardships that the pioneers faced. Seeing what they went through really makes a person be thankful for everything that they have.

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  • The Oregon Trail (right one)

    1. 1. The Oregon Trail By Ashley Kersey
    2. 2. The Oregon Trail covered more than 1,900 miles andstretched across over half of the United States. It hasbeen called our nations longest graveyard andcontributed to over 65,000 deaths in 25 years.
    3. 3. Perils of the Trail • River Crossings • Food Shortages • Disease and sickness • Shootings • Wagon Accidents • Facing the elements • Indian Encounters
    4. 4. Deschutes River Crossing“The Oregon Trail crossed the hazardous Deschutes River at this point by floatingthe prairie schooners and swimming the livestock.”
    5. 5. Snakes River Crossing“The river was six to eight feet deep, but its clarity was deceptive,making it appear shallower. Combined with its swift current, this wasgenerally considered the most treacherous river crossing on theentire Trail.”
    6. 6. Starvation and Food ShortagesAlthough at times the settlers had to face starvation it was mainly theanimals that perished.
    7. 7. One person said "Looked starvation in the face. I have seen menon passing an animal that has starved to death on the plains, stopand cut out a steak, roast and eat it and call it delicious.“- ClarkThompson, 1850
    8. 8. SicknessesThe disease with the worst reputation was Asiatic cholera,known as the "unseen destroyer."
    9. 9. "First of all I would mention the sickness we have had and I am sorry to say thedeaths. First of all Francis Freel died June 4, 1852, and Maria Freel followed the 6th,next came Polly Casner who died the 9th and LaFayette Freel soon followed, he diedthe 10th, Elizabeth Freel, wife of Amos [and Marthas mother] died the 11th, and herbaby died the 17th. You see we have lost 7 persons in a few short days, all died ofCholera."- Martha Freel, June 23, 1852
    10. 10. MalariaMalaria was so bad in Illinois, Missouri, and Iowa that some of themedical experts at the time said that those states would never beable to hold a permanent settlement.
    11. 11. DiphtheriaDiphtheria was caused by contaminated food and causedthe most deaths in the children.
    12. 12. Shooting AccidentsAccidental shootings were very common on the trail but luckily thenumber of murders were few.Usually the shootings would consist of someone shooting themselves,oxen, or a trail member.
    13. 13. Wagon AccidentsOne of the most prominent accidents occurred from wagon relatedinjuries. The result would usually be broken bones but in a few cases itwould be fatal.
    14. 14. According to Virgil Pringle (1846), "Mr. Collins son George, aboutsix years old, fell from the wagon, and the wheels ran over hishead killing him instantly, the remainder of the day occupied inburying him."
    15. 15. WeatherThe settlers were faced with many obstacles from the weather.Some were killed because they were struck by large hail the sizeof baseballs.
    16. 16. Dust Storms“The dust on the Trail itself could be two or three inches deepand as fine as flour.”
    17. 17. Large amounts of SnowThe settlers had to plan their voyage carefully because inthe winter the mountain passes would be closed due tothe large amounts of snow fall.
    18. 18. Summers on the TrailSevere thunderstorms caused half a dozen setters tobe struck by lightening.
    19. 19. The Indians“Tales of hostile encounters far overshadowed actual incidents,and relations between emigrants and Indians were furthercomplicated by trigger-happy emigrants.”
    20. 20. “The Ward Train, for instance, was attacked by Shoshoneswho tortured and murdered nineteen emigrants. One boyescaped with an arrow in his side.”
    21. 21. Works The Oregon Trail Map. Graphic Picture. Snowbird Headquarters, July 5, 2010. Web .November 5, 2011.n.p. Life and Death on the Oregon Trail. Oregon-California Trail Association, 2011. Web. November 5, 2011.Crumlish, Paul. “Wide View of the Deschutes River Crossing the Marker.” Photograph. Deschutes River Crossing. The Historical Marker Database, August 19, 2010. Web. November 5, 2011.n.p. Oregon Trail Mileposts. Oregon-California Trail Association, 2011. Web. November 5, 2011.Milliken, Chuck. “Farewell Bend.” Photograph. Photo Images Along the Oregon Trail. National Park Services , n.p. Web. November 5, 2011.Jackson, William. “.Along the North Platte River, Oregon Trail.” Photograph. Digging In The Historic Trails of Nebraska. Bringham Young University, n.p. Web. November 5, 2011.n.p. Life and Death. Historic Oregon City, 2008. Web. November 5, 2011.n.p. “Emigrant Family.” Photograph. Historical Trails. National Oregon/California Trail Center, n.p. Web. November 5, 2011Sublette County Historical Society. Oregon Trail Grave Marker. 1944. Sublette County, Wyoming. The Pioneer Graves of Sublette County. Sculpture. November 5, 2011.Badzioch, Christopher. “Malaria Killer.” Photograph. Should DDT Be Used to Combat Malaria? Scientific American, May 4, 2009. Web. November 5, 2011.
    22. 22. Works Cited continued:n.p. Doctors and Diseases on the Oregon Trail. Historic Oregon City, 2008. Web. November 5, 2011.n.p. “Deaths Along the Trail.” Graphic Picture. Historical Trails. National Oregon/California Trail Center, 2010. Web. November 5, 2011.Honeycutt, Mimi. Diseases People Had on the Trail. Ehow Health, May 5, 2011. Web. November 5, 2011.Benton, Thomas. “Chapter XV: The Hunting Camp.” Graphic Picture. The Oregon Trail Illustrations. University of Virginia, 2009. Web. November 5, 2011.Tolerico, Diana. “Across Nebraska.” Picture. Life on the Open Road. Diana Tolerico, August 27,2008. Blog. November 5, 2011.n.p. “Accidents and Illness.” Oregon/California Trails Association, 2011. Web. November 5, 2011.Whitton, Gary. “Pioneer Wagon Wheels.” Photograph. Dreamstime. Dreamstime Inc, 2011. Web. November 5, 2011.Morganti, Brian. “HP Super cell b- Yuma.” Photograph. 2008 Chase Images. Storm Effects. 2008. Web. November 5, 2011.Underwood, Todd. Frontier Trails of The Old West. Jeu Publishing, 2000. Web. November 5, 2011.n.p. Dust Storm Near Beaver, Oklahoma. July 14, 1935. Franklin D. Roosevelt Library, New York. Great Depression Picture: A Dust Storm in Oklahoma. Photograph. November 5, 2011.n.p. “Map of the Trail.” Map. Oregon Trail. Bandersnog Int, 2005. Web. November 5, 2011.n.p. Chest of Hardships and Challenges. Oracle Think Quest, 2002. Web. November 5, 2011.Miller, Shannon. “Summer Storms.” Photograph. Oregon Star Party’s Lightening Tree. Oregon Star Party, 2004. Web. November 5, 2011.
    23. 23. Works Cited continuedn.p. The Oregon Trail. Boettcher/Trinklein Inc, 2011. Web. November 5, 2011.n.p. “Friendly Indians Following Wagon trail.” Graphic Image. Historical Trails. National Oregon/California Trail Center, 2010. Web. November 5, 2011.Russell, Charles. “Attack on a Wagon Train.” Painting. Attack on a Wagon Train. 1st Art Gallery, 2011. Web. November 5, 2011.