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Bc 421 week 1

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  • 1. BC-421THEOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS IN BIBLICAL COUNSELING Week 1 Introduction to the Course
  • 2. The discipline of psychology William James, 1842-1910 Principles of Psychology, 1890Wilhelm Wundt, 1832-1920Father of modern psychology Sigmund Freud, 1856-1939. Developed psychoanalysis when working with hysterical patients
  • 3. Discipline of theologyTheos (God) and logos (study of)Anselm described theology as “faith seeking understanding.”Hall: “Theology is that ongoing activity of the whole church that aims at clarifying what "gospel" must mean here and now.”(6)Erickson: Theology is biblical, systematic, and relates to the general culture and learning; it is contemporary and practical.(7)
  • 4. Theology continuedMerriam Webster adds that theology is the study of religious faith, practice, and experience. (8)Used to be called the “queen of the sciences”Answers meta-physical questionsSystematic theology includes the doctrines of Scripture, God, man, sin, Christ, salvation, the Church, and last things.
  • 5. spiritualityDefined separately from religion in the professional literatureBeliefs rather than practicesTranscendence, meaning-making, relationship qualities, creativity, self-expression, and in therapy, may be used to describe how one’s beliefs in general resonate with the practice of living.
  • 6. Christian spiritualityRyrie: Christian spirituality involves regeneration, the work of the Holy Spirit, and time to learn this way of living.(9)Christian spirituality involves the living out of our religious faith, within a body of believers, sharing in the transcendence of God, and awakening, calling forth, supporting and holding one another accountable.It is seeking to live a life imitatio Christi
  • 7. Review of McMinn, Chapter 1 Psychology Alone • Completely rejects religion in context of counseling Integrated • Open to both religion and faith teachings and psychological theories and treatments Religion Alone • Rejects all psychological influences and relies on the Bible alone
  • 8. McMinn Continued• Excellent scenarios presented to help you imagine how integration might occur• Techniques vary• Informed consent is an ethical requirement• “Intra-disciplinary integration in Christian counseling is both conceptual and relational. Conceptually, it draws upon important idea s from theology, psychology, and counseling theory and offers practical suggestions for how those concepts are applied within the discipline of Christian counseling. And practically, intra-disciplinary integration in Christian counseling is thoroughly relational---emerging out of a counselor’s relationship with God and others, and ultimately influencing client’s relationships.” (McMinn, 2011, 30).
  • 9. Christian counselingHow do we define Christian counseling?By roles: pastoral, biblical, lay counselors?By location: church, para-church, professional?By the treatment models we use?By the theories we follow (or avoid)?
  • 10. References(1) Photo of books from: http://www.hds.harvard.edu/library/collections/images/0 31505_Divinity_Library_57.jpg(1)(2) Photo of William James from: http://0.tqn.com/d/psychology/1/0/R/9/william-james-lg.jpg(3) Photo of Wilhelm Wundt from: http://www.fidnet.com/~weid/wundt.gif(4) Photo of Sigmund Freud from: http://www.papermasters.com/images/sigmund-freud.jpg(5) Dennis Coon. Essentials of Psychology, 9th ed. (Belmont, CA: Thomson/Wadsworth, 2003), 17-21
  • 11. References continued(6) Douglas J. Hall. “What is Theology?” Cross Currents 53 no. 2 (2003): 177,(7)Millard. J. Erickson. Christian Theology, 2nd ed. (Grand Rapids: MI: Baker Books, 2003), 17-38.(8) Theology. http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/theology(9) Charles C. Ryrie. “What is spirituality?” Biblioteca Sacra 126 no. 503 (1969): 205, ATLA Religion Database with ATLASerials, EBSCOhost (accessed December 1, 2011).(10) Richard Foster. Streams of Living Water. (New York, NY: Harper Collins, 1989), 1-424.(11) Mark R. McMinn. Psychology, Theology, and Spirituality in Christian Counseling. Carol Stream, IL: Tyndale House Publishers 2011, 30.