BC-421THEOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS IN BIBLICAL COUNSELING Week 1 Introduction to the Course
The discipline of psychology William James, 1842-1910 Principles of Psychology, 1890Wilhelm Wundt, 1832-1920Father of modern psychology Sigmund Freud, 1856-1939. Developed psychoanalysis when working with hysterical patients
Discipline of theologyTheos (God) and logos (study of)Anselm described theology as “faith seeking understanding.”Hall: “Theology is that ongoing activity of the whole church that aims at clarifying what "gospel" must mean here and now.”(6)Erickson: Theology is biblical, systematic, and relates to the general culture and learning; it is contemporary and practical.(7)
Theology continuedMerriam Webster adds that theology is the study of religious faith, practice, and experience. (8)Used to be called the “queen of the sciences”Answers meta-physical questionsSystematic theology includes the doctrines of Scripture, God, man, sin, Christ, salvation, the Church, and last things.
spiritualityDefined separately from religion in the professional literatureBeliefs rather than practicesTranscendence, meaning-making, relationship qualities, creativity, self-expression, and in therapy, may be used to describe how one’s beliefs in general resonate with the practice of living.
Christian spiritualityRyrie: Christian spirituality involves regeneration, the work of the Holy Spirit, and time to learn this way of living.(9)Christian spirituality involves the living out of our religious faith, within a body of believers, sharing in the transcendence of God, and awakening, calling forth, supporting and holding one another accountable.It is seeking to live a life imitatio Christi
Review of McMinn, Chapter 1 Psychology Alone • Completely rejects religion in context of counseling Integrated • Open to both religion and faith teachings and psychological theories and treatments Religion Alone • Rejects all psychological influences and relies on the Bible alone
McMinn Continued• Excellent scenarios presented to help you imagine how integration might occur• Techniques vary• Informed consent is an ethical requirement• “Intra-disciplinary integration in Christian counseling is both conceptual and relational. Conceptually, it draws upon important idea s from theology, psychology, and counseling theory and offers practical suggestions for how those concepts are applied within the discipline of Christian counseling. And practically, intra-disciplinary integration in Christian counseling is thoroughly relational---emerging out of a counselor’s relationship with God and others, and ultimately influencing client’s relationships.” (McMinn, 2011, 30).
Christian counselingHow do we define Christian counseling?By roles: pastoral, biblical, lay counselors?By location: church, para-church, professional?By the treatment models we use?By the theories we follow (or avoid)?
References(1) Photo of books from: http://www.hds.harvard.edu/library/collections/images/0 31505_Divinity_Library_57.jpg(1)(2) Photo of William James from: http://0.tqn.com/d/psychology/1/0/R/9/william-james-lg.jpg(3) Photo of Wilhelm Wundt from: http://www.fidnet.com/~weid/wundt.gif(4) Photo of Sigmund Freud from: http://www.papermasters.com/images/sigmund-freud.jpg(5) Dennis Coon. Essentials of Psychology, 9th ed. (Belmont, CA: Thomson/Wadsworth, 2003), 17-21
References continued(6) Douglas J. Hall. “What is Theology?” Cross Currents 53 no. 2 (2003): 177,(7)Millard. J. Erickson. Christian Theology, 2nd ed. (Grand Rapids: MI: Baker Books, 2003), 17-38.(8) Theology. http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/theology(9) Charles C. Ryrie. “What is spirituality?” Biblioteca Sacra 126 no. 503 (1969): 205, ATLA Religion Database with ATLASerials, EBSCOhost (accessed December 1, 2011).(10) Richard Foster. Streams of Living Water. (New York, NY: Harper Collins, 1989), 1-424.(11) Mark R. McMinn. Psychology, Theology, and Spirituality in Christian Counseling. Carol Stream, IL: Tyndale House Publishers 2011, 30.