Bc 421 theological foundations of biblical counseling #1
BC 421 Theological Foundations of Biblical CounselingWeek 1
Psychology: from the words psyche (mind) and -ology (the study of). •Wilhelm Wundt, of Germany (1832-1920). •William James – first psychology textbook •Sigmund Freud (1856-1939)Counseling: Collins: “a relationship between two or more person in whichone person (the counselor) seeks to advise, encourage and/or assist anotherperson or persons (the counselee(s)) to deal more effective with theproblems of life.”Counseling and psychotherapy are used synonymously by Dr. Tan.
Theology: from the words theos (God) and -ology (study of)Anselm is credited with describing theology as “faith seekingunderstanding.”Millard Erickson defines theology as the study of God. He addsthat theology is: a) Biblical b) Systematic, based on the entire Bible c) Relates to the general culture and learning d) Contemporary; we need theology we can understandin terms of today’s language and concepts even though we aredealing with timeless issues that should not be distorted. e) Practical-we can use it in our daily living.Under the heading of systematic theology, we will find thedoctrines of Scripture, God, man, sin, Christ, salvation, Church,and last things.
Spirituality Ryrie said Christian spirituality always involves regeneration, the work of the Holy Spirit, and time to learn this way of living. “Spiritually is a mature and maturing relation to the Holy Spirit.” •In secular literature, spirituality is a rather generic term. •Christian spirituality is part of religious life, or the expression of it; seeking to live life in imitation of Christ.
Foster’s Streams of Living Water 1. The contemplative life 2. The holiness tradition 3. The charismatic tradition 4. The social justice stream 5. The evangelical tradition 6. The incarnational tradition
Tan lists four basic considerations:• What is human nature?• What is the role of environment in personality development?• What is a functional model-how do you define healthy and unhealthy?• How does personality change? What is necessary for this to happen?
Foundations for Biblical Christian Counseling: The Counsel of Heaven on Earth• Augustine described the process of appropriating gold and silver from the Egyptians as the Israelites left the country. In the same way, he compared taking knowledge from “heathen” institutions and applying them properly to Christian purposes.• How can we understand and apply knowledge from these realms in Christian counseling?• And should we? The textbooks and information in this course are designed to help you answer these questions as you work on developing your theologically grounded approach to biblical counseling.