E-Learning and Virtual Classrooms: Issues and ConsiderationsPresentation Transcript
Issues and Considerations
Online learning, used before e-learning, was defined by Elliott
“the use of network technology to design, deliver,
select, administer, and extend learning” (Cross, 2004, p.
E-learning was first used in late 1997.
There is no single or static definition for e-learning.
E-LEARNING DEFINITION ACTIVITY
In your partner groups:
Read the article “Defining eLearning.”
Summarize the different definitions.
Pick the definition you think is best.
How does your selected definition compare and contrast with Masie’s
definition of online learning?
Masie’s Definition of Online Learning:
“the use of network technology to
deliver, select, administer, and extend
What terms are synonymous
(or nearly so) with e-learning?
How do these terms have different meanings?
How do these terms overlap?
When do you prefer to use one term over
RETHINKING THE “E” IN ELEARNING
Elliott Masie (2010) suggests shifting the use of “e” as
How do YOU define elearning?
How will WE define elearning?
What are defining
E-LEARNING AND INTERACTION
Henderson (2003) outlines three basic styles of e-learning interaction
learning potential advantages and disadvantages of each
What are some
Which styles of interaction would work for us? Which would
• Instant Messaging (1-to-1)
• Text Chat Rooms (Many-toMany)
• Video Chat
• Screen Sharing
• Webinars (Live)
How do various communication methods
What else do we need for successful
collaboration to occur?
What is instructional design (ID)?
“A system of procedures for developing education
and training curricula in a consistent and reliable
fashion” (Reiser & Dempsey, 2012, p. 8)
What ID models do you use?
Do you have a systematic process that you use when
planning instruction? What is it?
INSTRUCTIONAL DESIGN MODELS
Dick and Carey Systems Approach
Reiser & Dempsey (2012) suggest that any instructional design should:
Be student centered
Be goal oriented
Focus on meaningful performance
Assume outcomes are measurable
in a reliable and valid way
Be empirical, iterative, and self-correcting
Be a team effort
TECHNOLOGY AND LEARNING
How will we leverage technology to enhance learning?
What are our learning goals?
Who are our learners?
What technology will be available?
INSTRUCTIONAL MODES & MEDIA
Instructional Delivery Modes = Communication Elements
Instructional Media = Materials/Means that Deliver Instruction
Video Conferencing Tutorials
Podcasts/Vodcasts Presentations Simulations
MEDIA & COGNITIVE LOAD
“Rich media will benefit learners only to the
extent that its capabilities are harnessed in
ways that support human learning
processes” (Reiser & Dempsey, 2012, p. 310).
Limited Capacity Principle
Active Learning Principle
Remember to keep the learner at the center, not the media!
TEACHING VIRTUAL COURSES
Managing virtual courses involves structuring courses to maximize
Teaching virtual courses involves engaging students to maximize
How can we best engage
Callahan, S. (2008 February 11). Collaboration framework [Blog post]. Retrieved from
Clark, D. R. (2010). Defining eLearning. Retrieved from
Cross, J. (2004). An informal history of eLearning. On the Horizon, 12(3), 103-110.
E-learning (n.d.). In Wikipedia. Retrieved May 29 2013 from
Henderson, A. J. (2003). The E-learning Question and Answer Book : A Survival Guide
for Trainers and Business Managers. New York: AMACOM.
Kelly, R. (Ed.). (n.d.). 11 strategies for managing your online courses. Retrieved from
Masie, E. (2012 August 15). The fading “e” in e-learning [Blog post]. Retrieved from
Reiser, R., & Dempsey, J. (2012). Trends and issues in instructional design and
technology (3rd ed.). Boston, MA: Pearson.