2013 Retreat: Keynote Guy Denny "Challenges in the Preserves"


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2013 Retreat: Keynote Guy Denny "Challenges in the Preserves"

  1. 1. Serious Challenges Facing the Future of theOhio Natural Areas & Preserves Program
  2. 2. Primeval Forests of Ohio
  3. 3. The 1920’s can be characterized as a decade of excess After industrialization swept across the country, the nation’s total wealth nearly doubled between 1920 and 1929. This great success was at therecognized that the natural A small group of Americans expense of the nation’s vast natural resources.squandered might never discharge, raw resources being Uncontrolled industrial be regained, sewage, and soil erosion “conservation” was born. The and thus the concept of were destroying our waterways. At the same time, the birth of wildlife refuges, and and early 1900s saw country’s forests, wetlands, national wildernesspart of a “progressive” conservationGame and parks as areas were quickly disappearing. movement. non-game species were declining at an alarming rate.
  4. 4. President Theodore Roosevelt John Muir 1858 - 1919 1838 -1914
  5. 5. Jay Norwood “Ding” Darling 1876 - 1962Widely known for his editorial cartoonswhich appeared in nearly 150newspapers nationwide and earnedhim two Pulitzer Prizes. Founder of theNational Wildlife Federation.
  6. 6. In the late 1920’s, garden clubsthroughout Ohio began urgingpreservation of the state’s naturalcommunities. The Ohio Associationof Garden Clubs lead the way witha campaign called “Save OutdoorOhio”. Their publication, The GardenPath”, edited by Walter Tucker, playeda significant role in passage of earlyconservation legislation and in theestablishment of Ohio State Parks.Mr. Tucker played a major role inestablishing the Columbus andFranklin County Metropolitan ParkDistrict, the Ohio Chapter of theNature Walter A. TuckerConservancy, and the creation of theNatural Areas Preservation Act of1970
  7. 7. Dr. Edward S. ThomasAs curator of natural history for theOhio Archaeological & HistoricalSociety, Dr. Thomas learned thatCedar Swamp was going to bedrained and turned into pasture. Heconvinced Governor John Brickerabout the ecological significance ofthe site and how it should bepreserved for its scientific andeducational value
  8. 8. Consequently, Cedar Bog waspurchased by the State of Ohioin 1942 as the very first naturesanctuary in Ohio acquired withpublic funds.
  9. 9. Dr, J. Arthur HerrickBotanist and ecologist from KentState University who began astatewide survey of natural areasof Ohio for the Ohio BiologicalSurvey in 1959.His work on the “Natural AreasProject” provided a firm foundationfor the natural areas legislationthat came later.
  10. 10. The major private thrust statewide for natural area preservation began in 1958 when the Ohio Chapter of The Nature Conservancy was founded.By the mid-1960s, it became obvious that Lynx Prairie, the OhioBeginning in 1959, with the acquisition of private efforts alonecould not stop natural areas remarkable destroyed saving naturalChapter of TNC compiled a from being record for by agricultural,residential, and Dysart Woods, Mentor Marsh, Brown’s Lake Bogareas including commercial development. Only the State withits resourcesand Buzzardroost Rock.Frame Bog, and power of eminent domain, could protect thebest remaining natural areas in the state.
  11. 11. At its annual meeting in 1966, the Ohio Chapter of TNC calledfor the creation of a state nature preserve system and acommittee was formed to work toward that goal.In August of 1967, the Ohio House adopted a resolutionsponsored by State Representative Robert A. Holmesexpressing concern over losses of wilderness and threatsto the last remnants of Ohio’s natural heritage.Two years passed before the Ohio Legislative ServiceCommission approved a study of the “means of identifying,locating, and preserving areas of unusual natural significancefor the beneficial use of generations to come.”
  12. 12. As a result of this study, State Senator Clara Weisenborn ofDayton sponsored S.B. 113 calling for the creation of the state’sNatural Areas Program. Senator Weisenborn also had $400,000appropriated for land acquisition in ODNR’s Capital Budget.The Natural Areas Bill, Amended S.B. 113 which later became anational model, was given final approval by the Ohio GeneralAssembly and was signed into law by Governor James A. RhodesIn 1970.The Natural Areas Act of 1970 allowed the Ohio Department ofNatural Resources to purchase and administer state naturepreserves and to protect, through dedication, natural areas inboth public and private ownership.
  13. 13. It also established the Natural Areas Council consistingof 7 professionals from natural history disciplines whoare appointed by the governor to advise the Director ofODNR on the management of natural areas.All members shall be persons active or interested innatural areas preservation, and shall not include morethan four persons who belong to the same political partyOne member shall be appointed to represent each of thefollowing: natural history museums, metropolitan parkdistricts, colleges and universities, and outdoor educationprograms in primary and secondary schools. Threemore will be members-at-large, and the ODNR directorshall be an ex-officio member.
  14. 14. 1517.06 “Nature Preserves dedicated under Section 1517.05 of the Revised Code are to be held in trust, for the use and purposes set forth in sections 1517.05 of the Revised Code, for the benefit of the people of the state of present and future generations.…”They shall not be taken for any other use except anotherpublic use after a finding by the department of the existenceof an imperative and unavoidable public necessity for suchother public use and with the approval of the governor.”
  15. 15. On May 20, 1970, ODNR Director Fred E. Morr handpickedRichard E. Moseley Jr. to put together this new program. ODNR established a Natural Areas & Scenic Rivers Planning Section in the Office of Program & Planning to administer the new natural areas and scenic rivers programs and to provide technical assistance to the Ohio Natural Areas Council. Richard E. Moseley, Jr.
  16. 16. Dr. Richard H. Durrell Karl Gebhardt Dave Rigney Art Herrick Dick Moseley Bert Szabo Dr. Miriam Bell The 7 original Natural Areas Council members were Dr. Richard H. Durrell, Jeanne Hawkins, Paul Knoop, Jr., William B. Price, Dr. David A. Rigney, Dr. David H. Stansbery, and Bertalan Szabo.
  17. 17. With the initial appropriation of $400,000, the Departmentacquired 14 properties totaling 632 acres on six natural areas. In 1971, William B. Nye became the fourth Director of of ODNR under the Gilligan Administration. By 1973, “Division Program had grown to the extent that the Natural Areas of Forestry and Preserves” Director Nye, by Executive Order approved by theForestry was reassigned management of all state nature Governor, renamed the Division of Forestry to the -preserves not contiguous to other state lands managed byeither the Division of Parks & Recreation or the Division ofWildlife. Unfortunately, it just didn’t work out.
  18. 18. In 1975 when James A. Rhodes wasonce again elected governor for whatbecame his second 8 year term inin office, he appointed Dr. Robert W. Teateras the fifth Director of ODNR.By 1975, the Natural Areas Program hadpurchased 18 areas encompassing 3,398acres and dedicated 8 additional natural Director Robert W. Teaterareas.It had become apparent that in order to consistently andproperly manage the state nature preserves, a new managementstrategy had to be adopted. To that end, Director Teatercreated, by Executive Order with approval of the Governor, a newDivision of Natural Areas & Preserves in February of 1975. Thisnew division was given “permanency” with passage of H.B. 972 inJune of 1976.
  19. 19. Chief: Richard E. Moseley, Jr. Asst. Chief: Guy L. Denny Executive Secretary: Kathy Smith Field Operations Mgr: James McGregor (William Loebick) Scenic Rivers Administrator: W. Stu Lewis Real Estate Administrator: Steve Goodwin Ohio Natural Heritage Program Administrator: Robert McCance
  20. 20. By 1999, DNAP had grown to 124 natural areas, had a fulltime staff of 48, including 13 preserve managers, an annualoperating budget of about $3.6 million, and was nationallyrecognized as one of the best natural areas programs inthe nation.
  21. 21. By the year 2000, management within DNAP had changeddramatically. Unlike in its early years, the Division was nolonger being administered by experienced field naturalist.In 2004, a decision was made within DNAP to transfer OldWoman Creek National Estuarine Sanctuary to the Divisionof Wildlife.In 2004, a decision was made within DNAP to disband theOhio Natural Areas Council.As the original preserve managers retired, they were replacedby non-naturalists.The Monitoring & Research Programwas downgraded.
  22. 22. “It had become apparent to staffthat elements of the logo (the blueheron, orchid and trilobite) weren’teasily identified by visitors, especiallythose in younger generations. Thedivision wanted an image that wouldbetter represent its mission ofprotecting, Ohio’s special places.” “Natural Ohio” Vol. 29, No. 1, Winter 2007
  23. 23. In 2009, ODNR Director Sean Logan, faced with severe budget cuts to ODNR’s operating budget, made the decission to dismantle DNAP as a cost saving measure.The Scenic Rivers Program was transferred to theDivision of Watercraft.The Natural Heritage Program with its botanists andecologists was transferred to the Division of Wildlife. The nine preserve managers were transferred to the Division of Parks & Recreation.
  24. 24. Even under the new Kasich Administration, the StricklandAdministration’s ODNR Director Sean Logan’s plan fordismantling DNAP continues in motion. Language contained in the Department’s FY 12-13 budget bill (Sub. H.B. 153) would have officially abolished the Division of Natural Areas & Preserves as of July 1, 2011, and would have made the DNAP income tax check-off a State Parks and Natural Areas check-off administered by the Chief of the Division of Parks & Recreation.
  25. 25. Ohio House District 70Home Town: Millersburg, inHolmes CountyMore than 15 years working in theprivate sector as a pipe inspectorHolmes County Park DistrictDirector in 1995Holmes County Commissioner1999 - 2008 Chair of the Ohio House Agriculture and Natural Resources Committee
  26. 26. The Ohio General Assembly adding an additional $2.4million for FY 12-13 apparently in Joint ConferenceCommittee so that the State Nature Preserves would beproperly managed.This would have been adequate funding if it were usedexclusively to manage state nature preserves and notadditionally used to shore up a financially ailing StateParks System.Efforts continue to make the Natural Areas Program asub-program in the Division of Parks & Recreation whichis supervised by local district park managers rather thanby trained ecologists/field biologists who understand andare experienced in the challenges and complexities ofnatural areas management.
  27. 27. What is wrong with putting the programwithin the Division of Parks & Recreation? The emphasis for State Parks is on active recreation and the visitor’s experience; the resource base is important but only secondary to providing quality outdoor recreational activities. The emphasis for State Nature Preserves is on the resources base. The visitor experience is important but secondary. The focus is on preservation, ecological management, science, education and passive recreation.
  28. 28. Analogue: State Parks to a Public LibraryState Parks are to Natural Areas as a publiclibrary is to its rare books room. Both provide a similar but distinctly different public service under the same roof, but each going about it in very different ways.Conversely, library, focused on customer service,If the public if the rare books room, focused onpreservation of thethe rare books room, it wouldwas operated like resource, was operatedin the lose most of its customers. public library,soon same fashion as the generalits rare books would soon be severely damaged,lost, or ultimately destroyed.
  29. 29. Advantages:Costs for office space, utilities, and special services such as real estate,public information, human resources, and accounting can all be sharedthus significantly reducing the funding and staffing needs of the Division. Disadvantages:Over the last decade or so, the Division of Parks & Recreation hasdropped from a statewide full time staff of 1,000 down to now about360 employees. There is barely enough staff to adequately carefor the parks let alone nature preserves that have a different mission.The Division of Parks & Recreation has neither the ecologically trainednor experienced professional supervisory staff to adequately managestate nature preserves.Many nature preserves are situated a significant driving distance fromthe nearest state park; out of sight, out of mind. The original preserve managers were trained and experienced field naturalists/biologists. That is no longer the case; their successors, for the most part, are primarily law enforcement officers, and/or maintenance workers, not naturalists or field biologists.
  30. 30. Why do we even need state nature preserves? What if any benefits do they provide Ohio families?They preserve unusual biotic communities and habitats forour rarest plants and animals as well as for more commonspecies. As such, natural areas provide genetic repositoriesand sources of biological information which will enableresearchers to further knowledge and understanding ofthose biological environmental challenges with which we willbe face in in the future.Nature Preserves provide a place to leisurely walk, hike, jogbird watch, enjoy wildflowers, study and photograph nature,relax and find personal renewal, view wildlife, enjoy greatbeauty, and much, much more.
  31. 31. OUTDOOR EDUCATIONSchools and colleges use these areas as outdoor laboratories and forobservation in such fields as geology, botany, zoology, and general sciencefurthering and expanding their instruction beyond the conventional classroom.Teachers, graduate students, and scientist use natural areas for scientificobservation and experimentation. Many provide living museums andopportunities for outdoor education and nature interpretation programsand exploration.
  32. 32. ECOTOURISMNature preserves provide destination sites forecotourism bringing money into local communities.
  33. 33. Lakeside Daisy(Hymenoxys herbacea)
  34. 34. Aldo Leopold 1887 - 1948“If the biota, in the course of eons, has built somethingwe like but do not understand, then who but a fool woulddiscard seemingly useless parts? To keep every cogand wheel is the first precaution of intelligent tinkering.”
  35. 35. BIOMIMICRYNature Preserves are reservoirs of natural materials foras yet unknown use but may yield new products formedicine, food, and industry.Many products we use, or will use in the future, are derivedfrom biomimicry inspired research and adaptation.Ultimately, biomimicry has the potential to help humanschange their world into a more sustainable one.
  36. 36. Notice the overlapping greenbracts with hooked tips. COMMON BURDOCK (Arctium mimus)In 1941, Swiss Engineer George de Mestral,upon examining the seeds under a microscope,marveled at how the bristles with their tiny hookedtips held so tightly. Eventually he learned to worknylon into a fabric studded with tiny hooks andloops and Velcro was invented.
  37. 37. American Lotus (Nelumbo lutea)The seemingly the inspiration for athe lotus leaf, at the nanoscale level, is actuallyThis has been smooth surface of new paint called Lotusan developed in 1995.made up of many bumps that make the leaf water-repellent. Water simply rollsThe lotus leaf also inspired the development of a product called GreenShield, aalong the surface, removing foreignstain repellency process.fabric finish that creates water and particles in the on textiles.
  38. 38. Spider web silk is five times strongerIridescence, reflectivity and optical than Kevlar, and scientists arefeatures of butterfly wings may holdthe key to improvements In LED researching how to replicate thislighting and brighter screens for cell feature to create a strongerphones. The research is ongoing. man-made fiber for use in bullet proof vests and parachutes.
  39. 39. A leaf may appear smooth to the naked eye, but at the microscopiclevel its surface is a rugged terrain of wrinkles and folds. Theseirregularities send light deep into the leaf to produce more energy.Researchers at Princeton University re-created this texture on asolar cell and found that it bends the light, changing its angle so thatit spends more time in the solar cell, resulting in a 47% increase inphotocurrent. TULIP-TREE (Liriodendron tulipifera)
  40. 40. MEDICINES The use of wild plants to treat sickness is probably as old as mankind. Plants were the earliest source of medicine, and until comparatively recently, they remained mankind’s chief method of healing.Nature Preserves support the plantswith chemical compounds that providethe prototypes for the developmentof new medicines.
  41. 41. Since earliest times, the bark of willows has been used to relieveminor pain. Salicylic acid derived from salicin found in the bark ofwillows is a precursor to acetyl-salicylic (a set l sal a sil ik) acid. Aspirin
  42. 42. Yellow Sweet Clover (Melilotus officinalis)In the 1920’s when farmers began to use sweet clover for fodder, their cows Coumarin gives Sweet Clover its vanilla-like fragrance and is used in perfumes andstarted When fermented, coumarin becomes an anti-coagulant, dicoumarin. soap. hemorrhaging and would bleed to death from eating the fermentedsweet clover fodder. Today, dicoumarine is prepared synthetically and used in medicine to retard the formation of blood clots (bishydroxy coumarin). Coumadin
  43. 43. Not until the present century did advances in pharmacology, chemistryand technology make possible the synthesis of many of the compoundscurrently used in medicine. Synthetic drugs have essentially replacedmost of the medicinal herbs used throughout the centuries. Even so,roughly 25% of modern pharmaceuticals are derived from some partsof higher flowering plants. That figure approaches 50% taking intoaccount lower plant forms such as molds that produce penicillin.Medicinal compounds first identified in wild plantsare the models for most of the synthesis compoundsused in modern medicine.There are many discoveries remaining to be made and nature preservesset aside for scientific research provide critical habitat for numerousplants yet to be studied for cures as yet unknown.
  44. 44. Of the 140 state natural areas, 77 are managed and/or ownedby other land managing entities. Of the remaining 63 sites,it would be helpful to transfer daily management responsibilitiesto other land managing entities. All but 28 of these sites do notrequire immediate action since they are situated within oradjacent to a state park, wildlife area, or state forest. Othershave no designated public access facilities and/or only limitedpublic access.
  45. 45. State Park Officer/Preserve Manager Adam WohleverNortheastern Ohio Park District
  46. 46. “ the local District Manager (Parks Manager) shall haveline authority over all DNAP operations in their districtand shall supervise DNAP employees therein.”
  47. 47. What are the most serious threats to adedicated State Nature Preserve? 1. Invasive species from both non-native as well as native species of plants and animals 2. Unchecked natural succession
  48. 48. The Woody Plants of Ohio E. Lucy Braun 1961 Dr. Braun did her field work preparing this book between 1953 and 1959.Glossy Buckthorn (Frangula alnus) (Rhamnus frangula) “Introduced from Europe, and rapidly becoming naturalized in northern Ohio; reported from nearly a score of counties, and locally well established.”
  49. 49. The Woody Plants of Ohio E. Lucy Braun 1961 Dr. Braun did her field work preparing this book between 1953 and 1959. Amur Honeysuckle (Lonicera macckii)“Reported only from Hamilton County where it is becomingabundant in pastures and woodlands.”
  50. 50. The Woody Plants of Ohio E. Lucy Braun 1961 Dr. Braun did her field work preparing this book between 1953 and 1959. Autumn-olive (Elaeagnus umbellata) Russian-olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia) “Two introduced species occasionally reported as escapes.”“Autumn Olive for Wildlife and other Conservation Uses” USDA Leaflet No. 458 1959
  51. 51. According to the ODNR Office of Real Estate, the appraisedland value for all DNAP natural areas is around $25 million.Natural areas are not just traditional open green space, rather,they are very special surviving pockets of landscape supportingsome of the very rarest plants, animals, and unique geologicalformations still remaining in the State of Ohio. They are part ofour Natural Heritage for the use and enjoyment of this as wellas future generations of Ohio families.These public facilities, purchased largely by private donations,not tax dollars, require wise management to keep them ingood shape. Just like a state park lodge, campground, sewagetreatment plant, or any other such public facility, ODNR has afiduciary responsibility to protect and keep these public assetsin the best condition possible.
  52. 52. Interventionist habitat community Species & ecological managementis critical forand researchtheone of monitoring maintaining isecologicalcritical componentsareas. the most integrity of natural for understanding the impact habitat management has on the health of the feature or features for which the site was acquired so as to protect the public’s investment.
  53. 53. Mike Mainhart photo
  54. 54. Portage County 42 Acres
  55. 55. Glossy Buckthorn (Rhamnus frangula)
  56. 56. Karlo FenState Nature Preserve Summit County 15 Acres
  57. 57. Rose Pogonia (Pogonia ophioglossoides) State Threatened
  58. 58. Grass-pink Orchid(Calopogon tuberosus) State Threatened
  59. 59. Fowler WoodsState Nature PreserveRichland County 187 Acres
  60. 60. Photo by Terry Smith Photo by Terry Smith
  61. 61. Jackson BogState Nature Preserve Stark County 58 Acres
  62. 62. Photo by Mike WittPhoto by Larry K. Henry
  63. 63. Shrubby Cinquefoil(Potentilla fruiticosa)
  64. 64. Photo Taken August 1974 (38 years ago)
  65. 65. Photo taken in the spring of 1987 (25 years ago)
  66. 66. Mantua BogState Nature Preserve Portage County 64 Acres
  67. 67. Dragon’s-mouth (Arethusa bulbosa) State Endangered
  68. 68. Large Cranberry (Vaccinium macrocarpon)
  69. 69. Small Cranberry (Vaccinium oxycoccos) State Threatened
  70. 70. “Until the appropriate habitat management for the dragon’s-mouth orchid has been determined, only part of its present habitat will be manipulated.”“Site 1. (west half of present habitat) will be managed by selectively removing only large trees which provide dense shade.”
  71. 71. Lucas County 226 Acres
  72. 72. Winterberry (Ilex verticillata)
  73. 73. Alder-Leaved Buckthorn (Rhamnus alnifolia)
  74. 74. Spicebush (Lindera benzoin)
  75. 75. Red Baneberry (Actaea rubra) State Threatened
  76. 76. Lucas County 170 Acres
  77. 77. Autumn-olive(Elaeagnus umbellata)
  78. 78. Grass-Pink(Calopogon tuberosus) Colic-Root (Aletris farinosa) Kalm’s St. John’s-wort (Hypericum kalmianum) T
  79. 79. Spathulate-Leaved Sundew (Drosera intermedia) State Endangered TwistedYellow-Eyed-Grass (Xyris torta) TLance-Leaved Violet (Viola lanceolata) P
  80. 80. Soapwort Gentian (Gentiana saponaria) State Endangered
  81. 81. Williams County 74 Acres
  82. 82. Copperbelly(Nerodia erythrogaster neglecta) Blanding’s Turtle (Emydoidea blandingii)
  83. 83. Autumn-olive(Elaeagnus umbellata)
  84. 84. Photo taken June of 1985 (27 years ago)
  85. 85. Springville Marsh State Nature Preserve Seneca County 201 Acres
  86. 86. “Springville Marsh is one of the largest inland wetlandsin the Till Plains of western Ohio.”
  87. 87. Bog Birch (Betula pumila) State Threatened
  88. 88. Shrubby Cinquefoil(Potentilla fruiticosa)
  89. 89. Photo taken in June 1986
  90. 90. Kalm’s Lobelia Yellow Sedge(Lobelia kalmii) (Carex flava)
  91. 91. Riddell’s Goldenrod Ohio Goldenrod (Solidago riddellii) (Solidago ohioensis)
  92. 92. Small Fringed Gentian (Gentianopsis procera) Potentially Threatened
  93. 93. Photo Taken in May 1985
  94. 94. Twig-Rush(Cladium mariscoides)
  95. 95. Lawrence County 16 Acres
  96. 96. Compass Plant(Silphium laciniatum) State Endangered
  97. 97. Autumn-olive(Elaeagnus umbellata)
  98. 98. Crawford County 34 Acres
  99. 99. Photo by Ian Adams
  100. 100. Purple Milkweed Sullivant’s Milkweed(Asclepias purpurascens) (Asclepias sullivantii)
  101. 101. Winged Loosestrife (Lythrum alatum) Ohio Spiderwort(Tradescantia ohiensis) Mountain-mint (Pycnanthemum virginianum) Prairie Loosestrife (Lysimachia quadriflora)
  102. 102. COMMON WILD BLACKBERRY (Rubus allegheniensis)
  103. 103. Prairie Coneflower Prairie-Dock(Ratibida pinnata) (Silphium terebinthinaceum)
  104. 104. Common Teasel (Dipsacus fullonum)
  105. 105. We owe a debt of gratitude to those who came before us and worked so hard over so many years to forge a natural areas program for the citizens of Ohio, both present and future.Dr. E Lucy Braun, Professor Emeritus Plant Ecology, University of CincinnatiDr. David Blyth, Columbus Audubon SocietyDr. Charles Dambach, Ohio Biological Survey & OSU Natural ResourcesDr. Oliver D. Diller, Head Dept of Forestry, Ohio Agr. Exp. Station, WoosterDr. Richard H. Durrell, Geology Professor, University of CincinnatiDr. J. Arthur Herrick, Professor of Botany, Kent State UniversityHon. Robert E. Holmes, Speaker, Ohio House of RepresentativesDr. Kenneth Hunt, Director Glen Helen, Antioch CollegeDr. Charles C. King, Executive Director, Ohio Biological SurveyDr. E. J. Koestner, Director, Dayton Museum of Natural HistoryWilliam Scheele, Director, Cleveland Museum of Natural HistoryDr. Edward S. Thomas, Curator of Natural History, Ohio Historical SocietyWalter A. Tucker, Director, Columbus Metropolitan ParksDr. Warren Wistendahl, Dept of Botany, Ohio UniversityHarold J. Zimmerman, Burroughs Nature Club, Willoughby
  106. 106. But as all those early pioneers of the natural areas movementwould say, “You can’t pay back, only forward.” It is yourturn now to carry on for the next generation of Ohioans whowill follow your generation. Dr. Edward S. Thomas Dr. J. Arthur Herrick Walter A. Tucker
  107. 107. Quote from nationally renowned Ohio ecologist Dr. Paul B. Sears (Sears 1953) “What Worth Wilderness?”, Bulletin to the schools of the University of the State of New York. “The state has its full share of memorials ----statues, libraries, institutions; some useful, some not; some beautiful, many ugly. But somehow it never occurred to anyone to set aside a square mile, much less a township six miles square, of primeval vegetation for future generations to see and enjoy. Yet this could have been done for less than the cost of a single pile of stone of dubious artistic and cultural merit.” Dr. Paul B. Sears, born Bucyrus, Ohio 1891 Professor of botany University of Oklahoma 1927-1938 Oberlin College 1938-1950 Yale University, 1950-1960
  108. 108. Let’s make sure our generation doesn’t make the samemistake as our forefathers. The large tracts of primevalforest my be gone, but numerous patches of originalvegetation scattered across the state supporting a diversityof rare species and ecosystems still survive. Let’s makesure we don’t lose them as well. Let’s protect them for thebenefit and enjoyment of future Ohio families. Working together, we can all make a difference for this, as well as for future generations of Ohioans!
  109. 109. OhioNatural Areas & Preserves Association (ONAPA) The purpose of ONAPA is to protect Ohio’s Natural Heritage by bringing together organizations and individuals to help maintain, monitor, restore, and support Ohio’s important natural areas. To learn more about ONAPA visit us at www.onapa.org
  110. 110. OhioNatural Areas & Preserves Association (ONAPA) Recruit and organize volunteers to participate in habitat management and preserve maintenance projects. Help establish preserve “Friends Groups.” Promote the DNAP income tax check-off. Promote the DNAP auto license plate. Monitor the preserves for vandalism, maintenance and other problems. Send emails and write letters of support when necessary.
  111. 111. Officers Board of Directors Ohio Natural Areas & Preserves AssociationPresident: Guy L. Denny – Original Asst. Chief DNAP 1976-1994; Chief from 1994-1999; Executive Director Ohio Biological Survey 2006-2007; Current Secretary/Treasurer Outdoor Writers of Ohio, Inc.Vice President: Robert McCance, Jr. – First Administrator of DNAP Natural Heritage Program; Past President Natural Areas Association; former Executive Director of the Kentucky State Nature Preserve Commission.Secretary: Richard E. Moseley, Jr. – First Administrator of Natural Areas Program; First Chief of DNAP; Member Ohio Conservation Hall of Fame; retired ODNR Deputy Director.Treasurer: Raymond Heithaus, PhD – Recently retired professor of biology Kenyon College; formally served on boards of the Ohio Academy of Science and the Ohio Biological Survey; President, Owl Creek Conservancy Land Trust.
  112. 112. ONAPA Board of Directors Cont.Government Affairs Chair: James F. McGregor – First DNAP Field Operations Administrator; former Chief ODNR Civilian Conservation Division, Mayor of Gahanna; State Representative, 20th Ohio House District.Executive Committee: Cheryl Harner – Co-founder Mohican Audubon Society: co-founder Flora-Quest; Richland Co. Master Gardeners.Executive Committee: Timothy Snyder – Retired west-central Ohio DNAP District Preserve Manager; writer and current President Outdoor Writers of Ohio; Chair of ONAPA Resource Protection Committee.Delores Cole – Past President Kirtland Bird Club; Vice Chair Black Swamp Bird Observatory. ONAPA WebmasterJames K. Bissell, PhD – Curator of Botany and Coordinator of the Natural Areas Program for the Cleveland Museum of Natural History.Barbara K. Andreas, PhD – Professor Emeritus Dept. Biological Science at Kent State; former Natural Areas Council Member and Vice President Native Plant Society of Ohio; Adjunct Professor Ohio University.
  113. 113. ONAPA Board of Directors Cont.John Mack – Chief of Natural Resources for Cleveland Metroparks; former wetland specialist and staff attorney with Ohio EPA.Joseph Sommer – ODNR Director 1985-1991; has served on the boards of Muskingum Watershed Conservancy District, the Wilderness Center, and the Ohio Chapter of the Nature Conservancy: Appointed to the ODNR Wildlife Council by Governor Voinovich and to the ODNR Recreation Resources Commission by Governor Taft and Strickland.David Todt, PhD – Provost and Vice-President for Academic Affairs at Shawnee State College; former Ohio Natural Areas Council Member 1994-2004; former Trustee Ohio Chapter of the Nature ConservancyDewey Hollister – Botanist and landscape designer; has worked on landscape projects internationally; one of the founders of the Ohio Heritage Garden at the Governor’s Residence.Mary Christensen – Lawyer in the areas of public utility regulations and internet law; Board Member Franklin Park Conservancy; active with National Wildlife Federation.Katryn Renard - Co-founder of Columbus Audubon Service in DNAP Preserves that has been in operation for 30 years; Columbus Audubon Board.
  114. 114. ONAPA Scientific Advisory CommitteeRaymond Heithaus, PhD, Chair - Biologist, Professor Emeritus, Kenyon College.Barbara Andreas, PhD – Professor Emeritus, Dept. Biological Sciences, Kent State University; Adjunct Professor Ohio University; former Natural Areas Council Member.James K. Bissell, PhD - Botanist and Coordinator of the Natural Areas for the Cleveland Museum of Natural History.David Brandenburg, PhD – Botanist with the Dawes Arboretum; former botanist Brooklyn Botanical Garden.Phil Cantino, PhD – Botanist, Professor Emeritus Ohio University.Jennifer Clevinger, PhD – Botanist, Professor of Biology Walsh College
  115. 115. ONAPA Scientific Advisory Committee, Continued Siobhan Fennessy, PhD – Professor of Biology, wetland specialist Kenyon College. Donald Geiger, PhD – Botanist, Professor Emeritus, University of Dayton Helen Michaels, PhD – Professor of Ecology, Bowling Green State University John Mack, J.D., M.S.E.S. – Ecologist; Chief of Natural Resources, Cleveland Metroparks. David Todt, PhD – Biologist and Provost and Vice-President for Academic Affairs Shawnee State College; Ohio Natural Areas Council 1994-2004.
  116. 116. ONAPA Resource Management CommitteeTimothy Snyder, Chair – Retired DNAP west –central Ohio District Preserve ManagerRenee Boronka – Natural Areas Program Cleveland Museum of Natural HistoryJohn Jaeger – Retired Chief of Natural Resource Management Toledo MetroParksDavid Kriska – Natural Areas Program Cleveland Museum of Natural HistoryJohn Mack – Chief of Natural Resources Cleveland MetroParksCarrie Morrow – Assistant Resource Mgr. Columbus & Franklin Co. MetroParksDavid Nolan – Land Manager Five Rivers MetroparksEmliss Ricks – Retired DNAP District Preserve Manager, Northeastern OhioFrank Skalski – Retired DNAP District Preserve Manager, Southwestern OhioJohn Watts – Resource Manager Columbus & Franklin Co. MetroParksJennifer Windus – Former DNAP Monitoring & Research Administrator Phil Zito – Retired DNAP District Preserve Manager, Southeastern Ohio
  117. 117. Serious Challenges Facing the Future of theOhio Natural Areas & Preserves Program
  118. 118. ODNR Director Zehringer Deputy Director (K. Gebhardt) DNAP Chief Central Office Volunteer Advisors Natural Areas Advisory CouncilChief Botanist Monitoring & Research Special Projects Volunteer Coordinator R. Gardner R. McCance J. Kasai SeasonalsSeasonal Botanists Columbus Audubon Individual Special Projects Preserve Statewide Work Group Friends Groups Natural Heritage Data Base Misc. Volunteers G. Schneider – D. Woischke Preserve Mgr. Preserve Mgr. Preserve Mgr. Preserve Mgr. S.W. Ohio S.E. Ohio N.E. Ohio N.W. Ohio M. Comer Boch Hollow M. Grote
  119. 119. ONAPA Government Relations CommitteeJames F. McGregor, Chair – Served as the first DNAP Field Operations Administrator; former Mayor of Gahanna; former State Representative 20th House Dist.Fran Buchholzer – Appointed ODNR Director by Governor VoinovichMary Christensen – Practices law in public utility regulations & internetDon Hollister – Executive Director Ohio League of Conservation VotersCheryl Johncox – Executive Director Buckeye Forest CouncilJohn O’Meara – Director-Secretary Columbus & Franklin County MetroParksJoseph Sommer – Appointed ODNR Director by Governor Celeste
  120. 120. A nation’s economic wealth ultimately originateswith and is derived from the wealth and abundanceof its Natural Resources: 1. Mineral resources 2. Oil & gas reserves 3. Forestry resources 4. Fishery resources 5. Agricultural soils 6. Abundant fresh water 7. Wildlife
  121. 121. On May 20, 1970, ODNR Director Fred E. Morr handpicked Richard E. Moseley Jr. to put together this new program.ODNR established a Natural Areas &Scenic Rivers Planning Section in theOffice of Program & Planning toadminister the new natural areas andscenic rivers programs and to provideTechnical assistance to the OhioNatural Areas Council. Richard E. Moseley, Jr.
  122. 122. “For in the end, we will conserve only what we love.We will love only what we understand. We willunderstand only what we are taught.” Baba Dioum 1968 International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources New Delhi, India 1968
  123. 123. Chief DNAP/ Program Coordinator Chief Parks & Recreation Ohio Natural Areas Council Volunteer Ecological Habitat Mgt. Seasonals Coordinator Coordinator Outside Contracted Land District Park Management Entities Seasonals Friends of State Nature Preserves Manager Volunteer Central Office Staff Seasonal Contract Workers Park Manager (Stipends to Outside Mgt. Org.) Columbus Audubon Habitat Management Individual Special Projects Rapid Response Team PreserveStatewide Work Group Friends Groups State Park Staff Assigned to Nature Preserve Mgt. Nature Preserve On-Site Management Revised 5- 1 -12
  124. 124. GOLDENSEAL (Hydrastis canadensis)Modern research confirm this plant’smajor alkaloids, hydrastine & berberineare sedative and tend to lower bloodpressure. Both exhibit a strongantibacterial and even an anti-viralaction.
  125. 125. BLOODROOT (Sanguinaria canadensis)
  126. 126. The plaque-inhibiting alkaloid, sanguinarine, interferes withthe ability of bacteria to convert carbohydrates into enzymesthat destroy gum tissue causing bacterial plaque andgingivitis.
  127. 127. Hoary Willow (Salix candida) Potentially Threatened