By Felix Keeler November 26, 2011 Arizona State Report Arizona State Report By Felix Keeler November 14, 2011 By Felix Keeler November 14, 2011
Arizona History <ul><li>Descendants of Asian Tribes moved into the region that later became Arizona about 12,000 years ago. </li></ul><ul><li>In 2,000 B.C. Native Americans from Arizona learned to grow food and cook. </li></ul><ul><li>Indians and U.S. troops had a war between 1860-1886, one of the U.S. victories over the Navajo in 1864 was the battle at Canyone de Chelly. </li></ul><ul><li>Arizona became a state February 14, 1912 and it was the 48 th state in the union. </li></ul><ul><li>The name comes from an ancient Indian word “Arizonac” which means “small spring.” </li></ul>
Native Americans <ul><li>Between 1250-1450 many of the early tribes began to disappear because of drought. </li></ul><ul><li>Arizona is home to many tribes, among them are the Mogollon, Hohokam, Pueblo, Hopi, Navajo and Apache. </li></ul><ul><li>The Hopi are descended from the Anasazi. The name in their language is “Hopituh Shi-Nu-Mu” which means “The Peaceful People.” </li></ul><ul><li>They live in Northeast Arizona in pueblos carved into the wall of the canyon. </li></ul>
Arizona Economy <ul><li>Cattle is one of the main points of the Arizona economy. </li></ul><ul><li>Electronic equipment is the state’s leading manufactured product. </li></ul><ul><li>Three of the leading agricultural products are cotton, straw and lettuce. </li></ul><ul><li>The top services are hotels, resorts, military establishments and food stores. </li></ul>
Arizona Geology & Nature <ul><li>Turquoise is the Arizona state mineral. </li></ul><ul><li>The Statue of Liberty is plated with 179,000 pounds of copper that was mined in Arizona. </li></ul><ul><li>Native Americans used Obsidian, an igneous rock, to make mirrors and knife blades, arrowheads and other tools. </li></ul><ul><li>The Arizona Diamondback is the state snake. It can go up to two years without food. </li></ul><ul><li>The saguaro cactus can live for more than 150 years. The Native Americans used the ribs of the cactus in construction. </li></ul>
Arizona Sports <ul><li>The Arizona Cardinals are a professional football team based in Phoenix. They moved from St. Louis in 1988. </li></ul><ul><li>The two major college teams in Arizona are Arizona State University Sun Devils (where Barry Bonds attended) and The University of Arizona Wildcats. </li></ul><ul><li>The San Francisco Giants do their spring training in Scottsdale, which is a suburb of Phoenix. </li></ul><ul><li>The other professional teams are the Arizona Diamondbacks (baseball), The Phoenix Coyotes (hockey) and The Phoenix Suns (basketball). </li></ul><ul><li>A lot of people go to Arizona to play golf because of the weather. </li></ul>
Arizona Fast Facts <ul><li>Some rocks in the Grand Canyon are 2 billion years old. </li></ul><ul><li>50,000 years ago a meteor hit near the area that is Flagstaff today, and that area is called “Meteor Crater” and it is 575 feet deep and almost a mile wide. </li></ul><ul><li>The original London Bridge was dismantled in 1967 and the bricks were numbered and shipped to Arizona and reassembled in 1971 in Lake Havasu City. Where the old London Bridge stood there is now The Tower Bridge. </li></ul><ul><li>Arizona is the only state to have an official neckwear. The bola tie was created in 1949. </li></ul><ul><li>The U.S. Army brought camels from the Middle East to Arizona in 1850, thinking camels could carry things across the desert. </li></ul>
Arizona Today <ul><li>Phoenix is the capital and largest city in Arizona. It is home 1.4 million people and the metropolitan area known as “Valley of the Sun” has 4.2 million people. </li></ul><ul><li>It is the only state capital with over 1 million people. </li></ul><ul><li>The Grand Canyon Skywalk was made and unveiled by the Hualapai Indian tribe in 2007. Made out of metal, people walk out over the edge of the Grand Canyon on it. </li></ul><ul><li>Things that people in Arizona want for the future are: increasing number of good-paying jobs, building better infrastructure and help Arizona became more energy independent. </li></ul>
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