ADavis ENVS 342 Presentation 2009


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Ecological Footprints and Developing Nations

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ADavis ENVS 342 Presentation 2009

  1. 1. Ecological Footprints and Hunger Addressing Consequences that Effect Both Our Environment and Humanity
  2. 2. Ecological Footprint <ul><li>the overall resource consumption and waste assimilation of a population or economy </li></ul><ul><li>population needs include energy, fuel, food, water, shelter </li></ul><ul><li>everyone has an ecological footprint—we all use resources in order to ensure survival </li></ul><ul><li>composed of 5 segments: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Energy Land </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consumed Land </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Farm Land </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Forest Land </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Water Area </li></ul></ul><ul><li>A Basic Overview </li></ul>
  3. 3. Developed Nations <ul><li>unlimited growth is not possible on a planet with finite resources </li></ul><ul><li>developed nations and “the city” concept </li></ul><ul><ul><li>increased population = broader resource base required </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>those within the city are, in some part, blind </li></ul></ul><ul><li>inequity between “independent” nations (developed nations) and those that are dependent (developing) </li></ul><ul><li>developed nations are not entirely self-sufficient </li></ul><ul><li>a plague of overconsumption </li></ul>
  4. 4. Sample Study <ul><li>United States citizen </li></ul><ul><li>20 years old </li></ul><ul><li>consider myself an “environmentalist” </li></ul><ul><li>always recycle, carpool, buy mainly organic products, live in an apartment building </li></ul><ul><li>my ecological footprint: 3.2 planets </li></ul><ul><li>my results match those of most developing nations: energy footprint is greatest </li></ul><ul><li>map of the world according to footprints: </li></ul><ul><li>my personal ecological footprint </li></ul>
  5. 5. Footprint Comparison <ul><li>Saudi Arabia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>4.07 hectares/person </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>primary energy footprint </li></ul></ul><ul><li>United States </li></ul><ul><ul><li>9.7 ha/person </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>energy/fossil fuels (CO2) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>United Arab Emirates </li></ul><ul><ul><li>10.13 ha/person </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>energy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mozambique </li></ul><ul><ul><li>.47 ha/person </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>cropland </li></ul></ul><ul><li>India </li></ul><ul><ul><li>.77 ha/person </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>energy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Haiti </li></ul><ul><ul><li>.82 ha/person </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>cropland </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Developed Nations </li></ul><ul><li>Developing Nations </li></ul>
  6. 6. Impact on the Developing World <ul><li>quality of life </li></ul><ul><ul><li>resource distribution and equity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>hunger </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pollution </li></ul></ul><ul><li>quality of environment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>pollution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>sustainable agriculture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>social conflict </li></ul></ul><ul><li>lack of control due to both local governments and those of other nations (and accompanying economies) </li></ul>
  7. 7. Ethical Issues <ul><li>“ Rights” Theory </li></ul><ul><ul><li>protected privilege </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>encourages equity </li></ul></ul><ul><li>“ Utilitarianism” Theory </li></ul><ul><ul><li>greatest good for the greatest number of people </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Equity in resource distribution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>live in moderation for the health/equity of others </li></ul></ul><ul><li>“ Justice” Principle </li></ul><ul><ul><li>international fairness </li></ul></ul><ul><li>“ Exemptionalism” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>no limitations due to creativity, technology, ingenuity </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. What do we do? <ul><li>stabilize human population size </li></ul><ul><li>create local solutions for sustainability that fit within the global view </li></ul><ul><li>have patience—it will take time to create a sustainable globe </li></ul><ul><li>create equity in resource distribution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>primary cause of hunger </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Preservation of land and environment—instill reasoning for future generations to take care of Earth and her people </li></ul><ul><li>how can we create sustainability? </li></ul>
  9. 9. Citations <ul><li>Cajete, Gregory. A People’s Ecology. Santa Fe: Clear Light Publishers, 1999. </li></ul><ul><li>Cairns, John Jr. “Speculative Scenarios.” The Social Contract : Winter 2001: Pages 146-152. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>scholarly article from Google Scholar </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Dodds, Walter K. Humanity’s Footprint. New York: Columbia University Press, 2008. </li></ul><ul><li>Loh, Jonathan. “Living Planet Report 2002.” World Wildlife Fund. 2002: pages 1-39. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>scholarly article from Google Scholar </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Rees, William E. Our Ecological Footprint . BC Canada: New Society Publishers, 1996. </li></ul>