Telecentres In Hungary


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Presentation for the Technology and Civil Society Speaker Series event at IREX with Matyas Gaspar, June 5, 2007.

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Telecentres In Hungary

  1. 1. Telecentres in Hungary * The story – examples – lessons Mátyás Gáspár *
  2. 2. Hungary in Europe
  3. 3. Most of Hungarian settlements are small Capital city is Budapest 2 Million. 3145 municipalities (settlements) 2361 (75 %) are small villages with a poulation below 2000. 1420 has a population below 1000, 17 % of the total population 2-2.5 Milion. 1000 small settlements do not have a local municipal office or other public institutions or services in place
  4. 4. Csákberény Village 1300 residents First Hungarian telecottage
  5. 5. First Hungarian Telecottage Program supported by the USAID – 1997 -1999 Videofilm and eLearning telecottage course
  6. 6. The expansion of the telecottages and PIAPs into small communities (under 2500 population) Community telecentres’ „era” Mixed „era” 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2 2 5 20 90 170 230 350 500 520 550 500 450 425 eHungary public Internet access points:* 200 500 800 800 *Additionaly 300 telecottages are declared as eHungary public Internet access points, the program finished in 31 December 2006. About 1500 small settlements (50 %) haven’t community access place in Hungary which way to go, community or public access?
  7. 7. Public vs. community access places All community access is public in the same Not all public access is community time access Service provider is primarily motivated by The service provider is primarily community goals and values motivated by business goals and values It is operated and overseen by an The provider is not an organization organization dependent on the local linked to the local community, has no community and socially “embedded” embedding in the society In addition to Internet use, the service aims The objective of the service is merely to make people capable of this use, and to the shared use of computers and pass on network services Internet Service is also targeted at those who are Targeted at those who use and are not yet users acquainted with the equipment and services Focuses on encouraging and directing Focused on satisfying existing needs needs There are no additional services (“extra Provides additional assistance and services help”) No social or solidarity calling in the basic A social cause and sense of solidarity conception embodied in the basic conception Private (business) arena, structured Community arena, and tailored to according to business needs community needs
  8. 8. Hungarian Telecottage Association The seating of the Telecottage Association Presidency The General Assembly of the Association, regional centers work in 7 regions
  9. 9. Telecottage organisational choices, the optimal line Role performed Organization type Owner Host Operator Guarantees local social If building is his property, this Wider range of volunteers, Advantage embedding, civic strengthens identity and the opportunities for direct grant control organizational culture applications Civil Does not generally have a Demand for professional Disadvan- Troublesome ownership building, maintenance is operation, lack of financial control as association tage difficult interest Existing infrastructure is more comprehensive, Easier supervision of the Financial security of Advantage public interest reserves are use of state funds institutions used State/ council Possible conflict of functions Complete or partial use of Inflexible, hands are tied by Disadvan- performed in same building, equipment for other state tasks to be performed, functions bothering one tage public tasks not service-oriented another Vested interest in Professional operation, Use and maintenance of renewing equipment, Advantage financial and market shared infrastructure (e.g. provision of resources for Commer- interest in maintenance post office) this cial/ private Dominance of Other use – business, private Squeezing non-profit Disadvan- commercial interests in – can limit community services into the tage the use of equipment functions background, higher costs
  10. 10. Telecottage services Telecottage Handbook, UNDP, 2006. pc=practice-14_h_3
  11. 11. Csákberény –Local WI-FI Internet Provider
  12. 12. The Village WI-FI network Sept. 2004. Nov. 2004. April 2005. Oct. 2005. Jan 2006. 12
  13. 13. riszentpéter – Local tourism and culture
  14. 14. Bihar Communities’ Local Area Telecottage and Resource Centre Disabled Elderly Unemployed
  15. 15. Kajdacs – Public services and e-gov assistance,
  16. 16. Alsomocsolád – Civilhouse Community Development Centre
  17. 17. István Kocsis – social entrepreneur Sárszentl rinc Cultural, Care and Employment Centre
  18. 18. Esztergom – „Our house” - roma telecottage
  19. 19. Budaörs – IS-mentor, and digital equal opportunity service,
  20. 20. IS-mentor public service Profession – role, culture, standards, certification … Education – knowledge, curricula, elearning … Activity – practice, process, workflow, method … Service – governmental, business, civil Occupation – employment, contracts, SME Organisation – local, national, regional, global Technology – cw, hw, sw, ow, content … Network – cooperating, excahnging, sharing …
  21. 21. Information Society Mentor Logic
  22. 22. Community Service Centre Related New Professions IS-mentor* Community Telecentre Manager* Community Learning Service Provider* Community Informatician Community Developer*/Manager Social Helper*/Worker*/Enterpreneur Sociocultural Animator* Village Warden/Caretaker* *State accepted, unified and certified profession in Hungary
  23. 23. IS-mentor service by the Mobile Telecentre
  24. 24. Telecottage Community Radio Community Radio Manual Mártély Telecottage Radio Zámoly
  25. 25. Telefalu – Community Informatics in Practice
  26. 26. European Union of Telecottage Associations
  27. 27. Telecenters of the Americas
  28. 28. Global Telecentre Alliance