Index History Traditions Editions Approved sports Participation Nations/dependencies that have competed Boycotts Notable competitors CWG 2010 Delhi
The Commonwealth Games is an international, multi-sport event which has been held quad-annually (except 1942 and 1946 during the outbreak of World War II) and features competitions involving thousands of elite athletes from members of the Commonwealth of Nations. The event was first held in 1930 under the title of the British Empire Games in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. The event was renamed as the British Empire and Commonwealth Games in 1954, the British Commonwealth Games in 1970, and gained its current title in 1978. Only six teams have attended every Commonwealth Games: Australia, Canada, England, New Zealand, Scotland and Wales. Australia has been the highest achieving team for ten games, England for seven and Canada for one.
Motto HUMANITY EQUALITY DESTINY Headquarters London, United Kingdom Commonwealth Hon. Michael Fennell OJ, CD Secretariat Commonwealth Games Federation seal, adopted in 2001
A sporting competition bringing together the members of the British Empire was first proposed by the Reverend Astley Cooper in 1891 when he wrote an article in The Times suggesting a "Pan-Britannic-Pan-Anglican Contest and Festival every four years as a means of increasing the goodwill and good understanding of the British Empire". The first Games were held in 1930 in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. The name changed to British Empire and Commonwealth Games in 1954, to British Commonwealth Games in 1970 and assumed the current name of the Commonwealth Games in 1978
Participation Countries in represented in purple have hosted or plan to host the event Red colored are the other countries which participate in the event Green colored are the countries which have participated but no longer do so.
Boycotts The Commonwealth Games has suffered from political boycotts over its history, largely associated with apartheid-era South Africa. Nigeria boycotted the 1978 Games in protest of New Zealand's sporting contacts with South Africa, while 32 of 59 nations from Africa, Asia, and the Caribbean boycotted the 1986 Commonwealth Games due to the Thatcher government's attitude towards South African sporting contacts. Boycotts were also threatened in 1974, 1982, and 1990 because of South Africa.
Notable competitors Lawn bowler Willie Wood from Scotland is the first competitor to have competed in seven Commonwealth Games, from 1974 to 2002 Greg Yelavich, a sports shooter from New Zealand, has won 11 medals in seven games from 1986 to 2010.
CWG Delhi The 2010 Commonwealth Games is the nineteenth Commonwealth Games, and the ninth to be held under that name. The Games are being held in Delhi, India from 3 to 14 October 2010, the largest multi-sport event conducted to date in Delhi and India, which has previously hosted the Asian Games in 1951 and 1982. The opening ceremony is taking place at the Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium, the main stadium of the event. It is also the first time the Commonwealth Games is held in India and the second time the event has been held in Asia (after 1998 in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia).
Costs The initial total budget estimated by Indian Olympic Association in 2003 for hosting the Games was Rs. 1,620 crore (US$358 million) but escalated official total budget estimation in 2010 became Rs. 11,494 crore (US$2.5 billion), which excludes non-sports-related infrastructure development in the city such as airports, city beautification and roads. Business Today magazine estimated that the Games cost exceeded original expectations Rs. 70,000 crore (US$15.47 billion). The 2010 Commonwealth Games will be the most expensive Commonwealth Games ever.
Transport Delhi proposed a four-lane, 2.2 km underground stretch from Lodhi Road to trans-Yamuna, linking the Games Village to the Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium and reducing travelling time between the village and the Stadium to six minutes. Indira Gandhi International Airport is being modernized, expanded, and upgraded. Costing nearly US$ 1.95 billion, Terminal 3 has improved airport passenger capacity to more than 37 million passengers a year by 2010. A new runway has been constructed, allowing for over 75 flights an hour and – at over 4400 metres long – it will be one of Asia's longest.
Mascot The official mascot for the 2010 Commonwealth Games is Shera, an anthropomorphized tiger. His name comes from "Sher", a Hindi word meaning tiger (Hindi "Bagh" means tiger. However, Sher is colloquially used for both lion and tiger). The logo and the look for the games were designed by Idiom Design and Consulting. There is one song for Shera also composed by the popular composer of INDIA the song contains initiative "Shera Shera" The mascot Shera is visiting many schools across Delhi to create enthusiasm and interest for the Commonwealth Games being held .
Official song The official song of the 2010 Commonwealth Games Jiyo Utho Bado Jeeto was composed and performed by the Indian musician A. R. Rahman. The song's title is based on the slogan of the games, "Come out and play". The song is penned by Mehboob in Hindi with a sprinkling of English words. It was released on 28 August 2010. The music video, directed by Bharath Bala was released on 23 September and featured a shorter version of the song. A. R. Rahman also gave a live concert for the theme song in Gurgaon , Haryana which was previewed on various news channels . The official video of the song has been released on YouTube
Venues The Commonwealth Games Village will provide accommodation and training for athletes of the Games, and will be open from 23 September to 18 October 2010. It is located along the east bank of the River Yamuna, in proximity to competition and training venues as well as city landmarks, and is spread over an area of 63.5 hectares (157 acres). Comprising five main zones — the Residential Zone, the International Zone, the Training Area, the Main Dining and the Operational Zone — the Games Village, which is a non-smoking zone, is universally accessible particularly to accommodate para-sport athletes. There are three main non-competition venues in the Games, besides the Commonwealth Games Village namely the Delhi 2010 Commonwealth Games Organizing Committee Headquarters (OC CWG Delhi 2010), the Main Media Centre, and the Games Family Hotel, Hotel Ashok.
Guests of Honour Prince Charles, Prince of Wales and President of India Pratibha Patil officially declared the Games open. Prime Minister Manmohan Singh of the host nation, India, attended the opening ceremony as well. Heads of state from outside India attended the opening ceremony are Mohamed Nasheed, President of the Maldives, Marcus Stephen, President of Nauru, and Prince Albert II of Monaco. As well, Sir Anand Satyanand, the Governor General of New Zealand , and a multiple Commonwealth gold medalist, attended the ceremony. Along side with the Commonwealth president, attendees included International Olympic Committee president, Jacques Rogge. He was quoted as saying "I think India has set a good foundation stone for the Olympics bid and a successful Commonwealth Games can help India mount a serious bid for the Olympics."