IntroductionAs is evident from the title itself our presentationwill be solely confined to sports and its vibranteffect.Sports is not confined to physical developmentonly. Rather it aims an all round development ofa person, inculcating in him the values of teamwork cooperation, struggling and a never say die–type attitude .From time immortal,sports is always at the helmof society and cultural dimensions.Swami vivekanand said that through sports we
India has always been on forefront on matterof sports, though at a slower pace.India has a bright future ahead, since it has avast pool of raw talent ready to be nurtured.The biggest sports festival in this globe, i.e.the Olympics.This event enables a sportsperson not onlyto display their talent at world level but alsoto win medals and make the country proud.
India at Olympics Participation- 1900,1920,1924,1932, 1948,1952,1956,1960, 1964,1968,1972,1976, 1980,1984,1988,1992 1996,2000,2004,2008 2012
Special Mention :-India was the leader in world hockey in the 20thcenturyMr. Phadeppa Dareppa was the first Indianmarathon contestant (1920).He was ranked 19th.India‟s first ever gold medalist is Abhinav Bindra(10 mts Air Rifle)MC Mary Kom is first female Indian boxer to winan Olympic gold medal.
BOXINGBoxing is one of the most enjoyable profiledsports in India.Regular medal-holder at Asian Games andCommonwealth games.November 2007, India’s Mary Kon won bestboxer title and also secured hattrick of titles.2008 Beijing Olympic, Vijendra Kumar won abronze medal in middle weight boxing categoryand Akhil Kumar and Jitendra Kumar qualifiedfor quaterfinals.
Akhil Kumar, Jitendra Kumar, A.l Lakra andDinesh Kumar each won a bronze medal at2008 World Championship.This shows how progressively Boxing hasbeen developed in India .Vijender Kumar is current no.1 onmiddleweight class.India’s lonely women boxer M.C. Mary Komsecured a bronge medal at London OlympicsGames, 2012.
SwimmingAncient history about swimming does not tellus a particular date or time or origin for thegame.First swimmer probably watched was a dogswimming.Then suddenly one day a person fel in waterand from there dog paddle was born.The Egyptians were first to use crawlbreaststroke instead of dog paddle. There isno evidence as to where they learned this artform.was actually one of the key skills of samuraiwarrior had to master and in the history of
Universal population was quite conservative in the matter of dress with bare arms or legs and even to some bare neck was considered obscene sight. Mainly Japanese and Chinese proceeded merrily along forming swimming organisations,holding competitions, and even introduced swimming as a concept of life saving technique. SOME GREAT INDIAN SWIMMERSKHAZAN SINGH TOKAS SHIKHA TANDONVEERDHAWAL KHADE PRASANTA KARMAKARSANDEEP SEJWAL GAGAN
WRESTLINGConsidering as one of the most ancient andoldest sports in the world, Wrestling in Indiahas a glorious past.Journey of Wrestling started in India severalcenturies back, during Middle Ages.Counted as most prestigious and oldestevents in Olympic Games, as it was includedin Olympics in 708 BC.Wrestling in India is most famously known as‘Malla-Yuddha’.
These can befound in greatepic of Indianhistory.Mahabharatahas a hugemention aboutthe gamewrestling inIndia.
ArcheryThe game of Archery has got historicalsignificance as all royals in the ancient days usedto practice archery.Modern day archery started in early 1970s beforeits Introduction in Olympics 1972.Formalized in 1973 when Archery Association ofIndia(AAI) came into existence.AAI has since been promoting an organization forthe sport.India has been producing some world classplayers who are medal hopefuls in Internationalevents of Archery.
SHOOTINGIn India, shooting is generally regarded as anexpensive sports which only the affluent, powerfuland the talented with institutional support canpursue with a serious career.This is the reason why the sport remains as asecondary choice of the sports enthusiasts.With good work of Indian shooters coming intolimelight, more youngsters are attracted towardsthe sports to build up a career.Abhinav Bindra won the first individual Olympicgold for India.
Major Rajyavardhan Rathore won the silver medal inMen’s Double Trap at the 2004 Summer Olympics inAthens.Eleven Indian shooters qualified for London Olympics.India has been most successful in this categorey thisyear with Gagan Narang and Vijay Kumar winningbronze nd silver medal respectively.These people has become the role models of youngIndian shooters.The national Rifle Association has played its part inuplifting the standard of shooting as a sport in India.IT has helped the Indian shooters a great deal in gettinginternational exposure and concentrate on theirhorning skills.
CHESSChess has risen in popularity in India in thelast few decades primarily due to its starplayer GM Vishwanathan Anand.It is believed that the game originated fromIndia as a successor to Chaturanga orShatranj.The All India Chess Federation is thegoverning body for chess in India.According to the WORLD CHESSFEDERATION Vishwanathan Anand ranks No.2 after Magnus Carlsen ( 22 years old chessGrandmaster).
FOOTBALLFootball was introduced in India during theBritish Rule and in some parts of the country,it is equally popular as cricket.India was an Asian powerhouse in 1960’s,finishing as runners-up in the 1964 AFC AsianCup.India ranks 154th in the FIFA rankings as ofFebruary 29th, 2012.The All India Football Federation was formedon 23rd June 1937.Domestic competitions for men’s footballinclude the I-league and the I-League 2nddivision. For women it is the Indian Super
The period from 1951 to 1962 is considered thegolden era in Indian football.The 1948 London Olympics was Indias first majorinternational tournament, where a predominatelybarefooted Indian team lost 2–1 to France, failing toconvert two penalties.The Indian team started the 1950s with theirtriumph in the 1951 Asian Games which theyhosted. Later next year they went on to participatein the 1952 Olympics, but lost 10–1 to Yugoslavia.Like before four years earlier, many of the teamplayed without boots !
Participating for the first time,the Indian hockey team stunnedthe whole world by winning agold medal at AmsterdamOlympics in 1928.Thereafter, the countrymaintained the streak ofwinning gold medals at- Los Angeles in 1932 Berlin in1936 London in 1948 Helsinki in 1952 Melbourne in 1956.Pakistan, for the first time,halted the winning spree ofIndian hockey team at Rome in1960 but the Indian hockeyteam snatched the Gold medalback from Pakistan at TokyoOlympics in 1964.
By this time, Indian hockey hadestablished a proud record ofwinning as many as eight goldmedals at the Olympics whichhas not been paralleled by anyhockey playing nation so far.The period from 1928 to 1964can reasonably be described asthe ‘Golden Age’ of Indianhockey.India won a medal in everyfollowing Olympics till 1980except in 1976 where Shefinished 7th. The last gold whichwas Indias last medal in hockeycame in Moscow Olympics in1980
After the glorious rise of theIndian hockey, the standard ofhockey playing skills starteddiminishing slowly but steadily.India‟s performance after 1980was as follows- „84- 5th, „88- 6th,„92-7th, „96-8th, 2000- 7th andalso 7th in 2004.For the first time, Indian hockeyteam failed to qualify to play at theBeijing Olympic hockeytournament in 2008.India‟s performance at the 2012games was the worst as it failedto win even a single match.
WORLD CUP & OTHER TOURNAMENTS EVENTS GOLD SILVER BRONZE TOTAL OLYMPICS 8 1 2 11WORLD CUP 1 1 1 3ASIAN GAMES 2 9 2 13 ASIAN CUP 2 4 1 7CHAMPIONS 0 0 1 1 TROPHY SULTAN 5 1 5 11AZLAN SHAH
•Indian team was quoted 66:1 by bookies.•Group win over windies & semi-final victory over England.•Team India into cricket world cup finals. 25th June 1983.•Event took place as Lords in England got jam-packed•for the final showdown.•Combined total of past two finals.•Kapil Dev-led Indian team in the 1983 cricket•World Cup changed the course of game•A way to the Wisden Almanack.
•Mohammed Azharuddin captained -1990s-main strength ability to stay cool under pressure•Azharuddins –declining batting performance.•Career ended after 99 Tests-banned for life –match-fixing scandal.•Tour to Australia-exposed the Indian teamsweaknesses when playing abroad•Loss of form of most of the batsmen.•Sachin quit captaincy-Saurav Ganguly took over•John Wright became coach.•Over dependence on Sachin created problemsfor the INDIAN CRICKET TEAM.
•With MS Dhoni as captain India went on to become the world T-20 champions on the 24th September 2007.•Legends like VVS Laxman, Rahul Dravid, Sachin Tendulkar and Sourav Ganguly forming the most formidable batting line up in the world.•India went on to become the pioneer in TEST CRICKET.•Defeated SRI LANKA -24th NOVEMBER 2009.•2nd April 2011-World Cup Final-defeated SRI LANK•MS DHONI‟s sixer which ultimately led Indiato the victory.
ConclusionAs compared to other sporting nations, India‟sachievement may be meager but we need tokeep in mind the infrastructure and other suchconditions which are essential for a big country.India has always been short of this but as of now,it has steadily developed and encouragedbuilding sports persons.We should look at the 6 medals in 2012 olympicsas a small scale achievement, but as a giant leaptowards a positive future.
1. Who brought the first individual medal for INDEPENDENT India and in which sport? Ans: Khashaba Dadasaheb Jadhav, freestyle wrestling bronze medal at the 1952Helsinki Games.2. What was awarded to winners as prize before the introduction of medals? Ans: Olive wreath, It was an olive branch, of the wild- olive tree that grew at Olympia, intertwined to form a circle or a horse-shoe.3. Who was the first woman o win a medal for India at the Olympics? Ans: Karnam Malleswari, won bronze in weightlifting at the Sydney games.
1. Who was the first woman o win a medal for India at the Olympics? Ans: Karnam Malleswari, won bronze in weightlifting at the Sydney games.2. Who was the first Indian to reach the singles‟ semi final in Wimbledon Tennis Championship? Ans: Ramanathan Krishnan (Tamilnadu), he was twice semi-finalists in 1960 and 1961.5. Who did India defeat in The recently concluded Nehru cup football tournament? Ans: Cameroon(5-4 in penalties)6. Who was named the “Man of the series” at the 1983 cricket world cup? Ans: Mohinder Amarnath7. Name this Sportsperson-