Western Europe

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Western Europe

  1. 1. Western Europe<br />Its Land and Early History<br />
  2. 2. Section 1: A Land of Varied Riches<br />EQ 1: How do you describe Europe’s geography?<br />EQ 2: What factors affect Europe’s climate?<br />EQ 3: How do the natural resources of Europe affect what it produces today?<br />
  3. 3. Land<br />Europe is part of Eurasia (Europe & Asia)<br />World’s largest landmass<br />Ural Mountains divide Europe and Asia<br />¼ of Russia is in Europe<br />
  4. 4. Land<br />Europe is a peninsula with many smaller peninsulas formed by bays and harbors.<br />Peninsula –A body of land nearly surrounded by water<br />
  5. 5. Landforms- Peninsulas<br />In Northern Europe, the Scandinavian Peninsula is home to Norway and Sweden. Along the jagged shoreline of this peninsula are beautiful fjords. <br />A fjord is a long, narrow, deep inlet of the sea located between steep cliffs. <br />In Western Europe, the Iberian Peninsula includes Portugal and Spain. The Iberian Peninsula is separated from the rest of the continent by a mountain range called the Pyrenees. <br />
  6. 6. 4 Major Land Regions<br />Austrian Alps<br />Northwestern Highlands<br />Far northern part of Europe (Norway & Sweden)<br />Steep sloped mountains with thin soil<br />Few people live here<br />(25 people/square mile)<br />**Population Density –The average number of people living per sq mile or km. <br />Successful timber industry -forests<br />Norangsfjorden- Norway<br />
  7. 7. 4 Major Land Regions<br />North European Plain<br />Covers over ½ of north central Europe<br />Most productive farmland<br />Largest cities are located in this region today<br />Most of Europe’s population lives on this landform.<br />Loess -Rich dust like soil found in the European plain. <br />
  8. 8. 4 Major Land Regions<br />Grundlsee<br />Central Uplands<br />Area of mountains and plateaus<br />Rocky land –not good for farming<br />Mostly used for cattle and mineral resources<br />
  9. 9. 4 Major Land Regions<br />Alpine Mountains<br />Southern portion of Europe<br />From Spain across to Eastern Europe<br />Alps are the highest mountains in this system<br />Many popular vacation places<br />
  10. 10. Mountains<br />The Alps<br /> The Pyrenees<br />The Balkan<br />Ural<br />**Rain Shadow –An area on the sheltered side of a mountain that receives little rain fall. <br />
  11. 11. Important Rivers<br />Rhine, Elbe & Danube Rivers –Germany<br />Seine River –France<br />Po River –Italy<br />Thames River –England<br />Volga River- Russia<br />
  12. 12. Photos<br />Windmill<br />Amsterdam<br />The Tulip Festival<br />
  13. 13. 4 Major Climate Regions<br />1. Marine West Coast- Northwestern Europe<br />North Atlantic Current<br />Current carries warm water from the Gulf of Mexico across the Atlantic Ocean to Europe<br />Winds off warm waters carry moisture onto land, making it wet and keeping temperatures warm<br />Even though they are far to the North, they have a mild climate.<br />
  14. 14. Gulf Stream<br />
  15. 15. 4 Major Climate Regions<br />Mediterranean- along <br />Mediterranean Sea <br />Hot and dry summers<br />Mild and rainy winters<br />
  16. 16. 4 Major Climate Regions<br />3. Humid Continental- Central Europe<br />Inland areas away from major bodies of water experience very cold winters & very hot summers<br />Sub Artic- Northern Europe<br />-Short, cool summers and very long cold winters<br /> -Warmest days maybe 40º F<br />
  17. 17. Vegetation<br />Varies as much as the climate<br />Forest- most natural vegetation<br />Taiga –A forest in Russia that covers 4 million sq miles…the largest forest in the world<br />
  18. 18. Vegetation<br />Steppes –The Russian grasslands<br />Central and Southern Europe once covered by grasslands (prairie)<br />Cleared for farming<br />
  19. 19. Vegetation<br />Tundra - A treeless plain where only grasses and mosses grow<br />Permafrost –Permanently frozen soil<br />
  20. 20. Natural Resources<br />Hydroelectric Power –Water generated power<br />Fossil Fuel –Fuel from fossils<br />a. Renewable <br />b. Non-Renewable<br />Reserves –The available supply<br />of a fossil fuel<br />

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