History 5000 BC – tobacco cultivated in South America believed that smoking cured diseases Smoking was used to: contact spiritual world seal peace treaties (peace pipe) 15th cent. – introduced in Europe
The Cigarette Over 4,000 chemicals, more than 50 cause cancer
Tar stains teeth and fingers brown contributes to lung disease
Carbon Monoxide odourless and colourless gas and extremely toxic less oxygen taken up by the body less fit, out of breath quicker
The Cigarette All these substances contribute to all the signs and symptoms observed in smokers…
Nicotine plants produce nicotine to prevent getting eaten by insects and animals highly toxic…also used as industrial pesticide contributes to: reproductive disorders heart disorders cancer ........... addiction
Addiction Why is it so difficult to stop smoking?
The Nicotine Addict addict needs the drug to feel normal drugs are illegal or prescriptive although legal and harmful… nicotine is an addictive drug similar to the addiction of heroin and cocaine
Paul thinks that quitting may be hard for other people, but he can quit any time he wants to…
The Addiction Cycle
....so what happens if you do not take your cigarette? The smoking addict would feel: anxious not concentrated restless
The Nicotine Addict Nicotine addiction is what keeps many people smoking despite…. its harmful effects wanting to quit The consequences of this are many...
Disease What does smoking do to the human body?
Kevin told Mark that after all smoking is not that harmful since cancer is the only disease smokers can get ….and everyone has to die one day or another
Respiratory Problems Cilia in airways move dust upwards so that they do not get in the delicate lungs Smoke destroys them
Lungs of a smoker lung will no longer be clear as it was smoking addicts are always coughing coughing is with mucus from damaged lung microbes accumulate in lungs smokers develop infections more often take longer to get better infections lasting months
Diseases of the Circulation narrowing of the arteries smoking addict has a 200% increased risk
Consequences.... Heart Attack Stroke Disability Death
How many people are affected?
Global Deaths by Smoking
These people were once young people like you...
Malta smoking is one of the major cause of disease and death among Maltese men
Education education helps in making people realise the effects of smoking
Secondhand Smoke Smoke in the environment around you
85% of cigarette smoke is produced between puffs
Smoking and Pregnancy What are the effects?
Smoking in Pregnancy
Smoking is not just suicide... ...it’s murder...
Law What are my rights?
Law smoking was banned in all enclosed public spaces (Malta, April 2004) the right for a smokefree environment Stand up for your rights!
Mirror, mirror.... How does smoking affect the way I look?
Social effects the clothes, hair and breath of a smoking addict immediately givehis habit away Bad odour
Social effects ‘smoking reduces attractiveness’ over two-thirds of young people over half of smokers ‘quit to improve my attractiveness’ nearly half of smokers
‘Kissing a smoker.... is like licking an ashtray....’ Randy Powell
Aging of a Smoking Addict
Cosmetic Effects Skin - ages by 10- 20 years Wrinkles – increases x3 times Face - yellow-grey, hollow cheeks Mouth – bad breath, gum & tooth disease Staining - yellow tooth enamel and fingers Fat – more fat storage and cellulite
When telling her to quit, Maria argues that she has a right to smoke since smoking doesn't hurt anybody but her
Co$t How much mon€y does a smoking addict burn?
Karmnu earns €7,030 a year and he says that he only smokes 1 packet of cigarettes a day. His wife tells him to quit because the house stinks and that their daughter suffers from asthma. If a packet of cigarette costs €3.80.... How much does he spend daily? And how much would this be for a year? Since Karmnu earns €7,030 a year, what is the percentage of money spent on cigarattes?
Malta... money spent to cure tobacco-related disease could go for better education and healthcare
Financial Burden addicts in developing countries: do not afford enough food cannot pay education to their children earn less because of sickness and medical costs death or disability of smoking parent leads to child labour
Environment Cutting trees, Fires, Toxic Waste and Litter
Environmental Impact 5% of global deforestation is due to tobacco cultivation leading cause of fatal household fires and bush fires
Environmental Impact chemical waste from tobacco factories nonbiodegradable packaging and cigarette butts are a major source of a dirty environment
The Tobacco Industry Who benefits from all this?
The industry 1994 - tobacco bosses swore that nicotine was notaddictive Only 3 years later… …admitted that nicotine was in fact addictive and that smoking could cause cancer…
Expand to Developing Countries
Youth and Gender Issues
Employment The cost of tobacco use is than benefits!! 11 times greater