Medieval Europe

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Medieval Europe

  1. 1. Medieval Europe<br />By: <br />India McGary<br />Sophie Nicolosi<br />Tiffany Ragsdale<br />
  2. 2. Middle Ages<br />The Church and Parliament were equal and both in control at this point in time (the middle ages).<br />The middle ages revolved around the control of land, and based society on the system of Feudalism.<br />The building of the Christian churches influenced Romanesque and Gothic architecture in many ways: It showed the Europeans how to come up with different styling's for churches, for example: The flying buttress and the groin vault.<br />
  3. 3. Flying Buttress<br />In the 1100's AD, architects in northern France wanted to build big Gothic cathedrals, but they still wanted their cathedrals to be full of light, to be inspiring to other artists and architects, and not dark and gloomy. But if the walls were full of thick glass windows, they wouldn’t be able to hold up a heavy stone roof for the cathedral.<br />When somebody decided to invent the flying buttress. Instead of having the buttress on the side of the building, they would make an arch and have it coming off the top of the building.<br />The flying buttress would start from the places at the top of the wall where the groin vaults were directing the weight of the roof. From there, the flying buttresses would carry the weight of the roof away from the building and down a column of stone to the ground. It wouldn't matter what the walls were made of anymore, because they wouldn't be carrying the weight of the roof.<br />
  4. 4. Groin Vault<br />Around 1050 AD, people began to build the groin vault. It's called a groin vault because the parts meet together in a V, like the V where your legs come together. <br />The groin vault takes all the weight of the roof and puts it on just four points , the corners of each X. If you have a buttress at each corner, you don't need to a wall between the buttresses, because the as much weight as it used to-the wall can mainly be all glass windows and the structure would still stay together.<br />
  5. 5. Two Church Types<br />Two types of churches were developed in the middle ages off 500-1500 A.D. These two churches were the Romanesque and the Gothic. These will be described in our next two slides.<br />
  6. 6. Romanesque<br />This style is more traditionally referred to as “Roman Architecture”.<br />This type of architecture is known for its massive quality, thick walls, rounded arches, grain walls, and decorative paintings and details.<br />This architecture was the first distinctive style to spread across Europe since the Roman Empire.<br />
  7. 7. Gothic<br />After the Romanesque period in architecture, around 1200 AD, most people in western Europe began to build Christian churches and palaces in the Gothic style. <br />Gothic churches are the churches that have pointed arches. <br />Gothic cathedrals have many more windows, and much bigger windows, and so they are not dark like Romanesque churches. <br />
  8. 8. Pictures (Yaaaayyy!)<br />

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