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Europe (Rockingham)

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Transcript

  • 1. Europe
  • 2. Leading countries according to GDP
    • Switzerland
    • Luxembourg
    • Sweden
  • 3. Leading countries according to Land Size
    • Ukraine
    • France
    • Spain
  • 4. Leading countries according to population
    • Germany
    • United Kingdom
    • Italy
    • France
  • 5. PHYSICAL CHARATERISTICS
    • Part of a large landmass called EURASIA
    • Europe includes four peninsulas
      • A peninsula is a body of land surrounded by water on three sides
  • 6.
    • Europe’s peninsulas are the Iberian, Italian, Scandinavian,and the Jutland
  • 7.
    • Europe also has three ISLANDS
    • an island is a body of land completely surrounded by water
    • Europe’s main three islands are Great Britain, Ireland and Sicily
  • 8.
    • Europe is also home to many FJORDS
    • A fjord is a narrow valley or inlet from the sea--originally carved out by glaciers
  • 9.
    • Two Major mountain ranges exist in Europe
      • Alps- Central Europe
      • Pyrenees- border between France and Spain
  • 10.
    • The largest physical characteristic in Europe is the North European Plain
    • The North European Plain is a large flat fertile stretch of land important for agriculture, especially in Western Europe
  • 11.
    • Rivers also play an important role in Europe.
    • They are or were used for transportation, power, and trade.
    • The most important are the Danube (Germany), Rhine (Germany), Seine (France), and the Thames (United Kingdom)
  • 12.
    • Seas Oceans
      • Adriatic Atlantic
      • Aegean Arctic
      • Mediterranean
      • Baltic
      • Black
      • North
  • 13.
    • Landmarks
      • Strait of Gibraltar- separates Europe from Africa at the mouth of the Mediterranean Sea
    • Climates
      • varied climate regions--everything from tundra to mediterranean
  • 14.
      • Europe’s climate is also affected by the North American Drift and the prevailing westerlies
  • 15.
    • North American Drift is a powerful ocean current that carries tropical water toward the coast of Europe.
    • The winds which blow across the North American Drift are known as the prevailing westerlies.
  • 16.
    • Combined they help to produce a warm, moist climate in most of Europe
  • 17. Economic Characteristics
    • The Mountain regions of Europe are famous for tourism, recreation and mineral resources.
    • Many areas of Europe are threatened by air and water pollution.
  • 18.
      • Forests --Black Forest of Germany (acid rain)
      • Cities --Venice,Italy
      • Rivers --Danube, Rhine, and Seine
  • 19.
    • Many of Europe’s largest industrial and transportation centers developed near mineral deposits, especially coal and iron ore
      • Ruhr Valley (Germany)
      • Po Valley (Italy)
  • 20.
    • Rivers and canals served as the major transportation links
  • 21.
    • There are oil reserves in the North Sea. Great Britain has claimed many of them.
    • Most countries of Europe, especially Western Europe, have a well educated workforce.
  • 22.
    • Most are industrial or technological societies (Switzerland specializes in banking).
  • 23.
    • The countries of Western Europe also use advanced farming techniques which gives them high crop yields.
    • Fertile soils and the chernozem (black earth of Russia) are also found in Europe.
  • 24.
    • Most of Europe has a well developed infrastructure.
    • Infrastructure is things such as roads, power companies railroads and air carriers
  • 25.
    • France and Great Britain have built the Chunnel to provide a railroad transportation between their countries.
  • 26.
    • Western Europe and Eastern Europe have different industrial systems and different industrial development because of different economic and political systems since 1945.
  • 27.
    • Most of western Europe belongs to the Economic Union today. Eastern Europe is slowly catching up after changing their systems in the early 1990s
  • 28.
    • The Economic Union is a economic union used to tie the economies of Europe together for the benefit of all members. It is an ECONOMIC ALLIANCE.
  • 29.
    • Trade is important in Europe, especially to the island nations.
    • Sweden and Denmark allow their governments to play a large role in their economies.
  • 30.
    • Eastern Europe has begun the switch from communism to capitalism
    • the Netherlands grows crops on land reclaimed from the sea (Polders)
  • 31.
    • Their demographics are typical of a developed nations.
    • High per capita GDP
    • High literacy rate
    • high life expectancy
  • 32.
    • low infant mortality
    • low percentage of the population under the age of 15
  • 33. Cultural Characteristics
    • Europe is the birthplace to the Industrial Revolution
    • The Industrial Revolution was the switch from hand or manual labor to using machines for labor
  • 34.
      • England was the center of the Industrial Revolution
  • 35.
    • Europe is the home to many ethnic groups
    • each group brings different languages, religions and customs
  • 36.
    • This has led to sporadic conflict among the groups
    • such as war and revolution
  • 37.
    • Europe is the birthplace of modern democracy
    • Greece is the home of Democracy
  • 38.
    • Europe has spread its’ culture to other parts of the world through
    • exploration
    • colonization
    • imperialism
  • 39.
    • Europe is highly urbanized
    • It is one of the most densely populated areas of the world
    • Most of Western Europe is a member in the political/military alliance called the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
  • 40.
    • All of the following cities act as centers for culture and trade in Europe
    • Berlin, Germany Rome, Italy
    • London, England Paris, France
    • Madrid, Spain
    • Athens, Greece
    • Warsaw, Poland
  • 41. Cultural Landscape
    • In Paris the following cultural icons can be found:
      • Notre Dame, Arc de Triomphe, Louvre, Eiffel Tower
  • 42.
    • In Italy the following cultural icons can be found:
      • Colosseum, Leaning Tower of Pisa, St. Peter’s Basilica
  • 43.
    • In Greece—the Parthenon
    • In England--Westminster Abbey and Big Ben
    • In Europe in general--windmills (Netherlands) and castles
  • 44. Parthenon in Greece
  • 45. Arc de Triomphe in Paris
  • 46. Notre Dame
  • 47. Eiffel Tower -- Paris
  • 48. Colosseum--Italy
  • 49. Leaning Tower of Pisa--Italy
  • 50. Big Ben--England
  • 51. Westminster Abbey
  • 52. St. Peter’s Basilica
  • 53. Windmills and Castles
  • 54. Louvre
  • 55. Fjord
  • 56. Alps