Chases tended to become parks. Some chases and some parks have been owned by the King, particularly between Windsor and London. Remained the personal property of the king even after he stopped using them to produce deer but tended to be used as space.
Hence “royal parks,” for example, Hyde Park, Regent’s Park.
Enclosure of open fields was easy but enclosure of common fields was difficult. Many survived and are owned as open space by villages to this day--as “commons parks.” Examples Hampstead Heath or Trent Park, High Barnet
Preambulation- bunch of folks get together every century or so and walk the boundaries to make sure it has moved.
Purlieu- a place where preambulators find the forest, as trees, once was but is no more. Important, as the Common Law, not the Forest Law now applies but the King can hunt still as if the purlieu were forest.
Ranger- a guy who guards to king’s interests in a purlieu.
Note: we start getting something like are modern terms for these things from the English
Work begun in 1525 on Crathes Castle--will become the last and best example of Scottish domestic military architecture.”
During the Reformation, one Alexander marries Janet Hamilton, bastard daughter of the Archbishop of Aberdeen who bring to the marriage about half the church lands of eastern Scotland. Upon death of the Archbishop, Alexander and Janet wise become Presbyterians literally at the side of dad’s deathbed.
By 1635, chief sons are deported to the New World. Virginia (business factors), Barbados (sugar planters),New York (clergyman), and Nova Scotia (clergyman). Virginia and Barbados line brings in poorer members of the family as indentured servants.
By 1750s, enclosure and many of the poorer end of family deported in chains to Australia.
1926-12th Baron dies. In WWI Sir Thomas was one of four British officers to survive four years of trench warfare. Came out of it not exactly sane and devoted the rest of his life to the gardens at Crathes. Bankrupts the estate.
1959-14th Baron dies. A drunken Australian sheep farmer, this is the end of the baronage line.
Crathes and the Forest of Drum taken over by National Trust.
Lord C. A. (Jamie) Burnett of Leys is a school teacher at the family village of Banchory and has a life estate for ritual purposes in one room in Crathes
House of Burnett, USA, and House of Burnett, Australia, provide 4 horticultural gardens scholarships/year and are negotiating to assume full financial management of the house which would, however, remain a part of the National Trust Estate.
Areas within areas, typical of the European patter. For example, Sumava National Park, a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve, is within the Sumava Landscape Area, and both contain “small scale” areas. For example Boubin is within the Sumava Landscape Area but not the national park
contains winter sports areas and former labor resort areas, much damaged by acid rain