Europe 1870-1914

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Europe 1870-1914

  1. 1. Europe 1870-1914<br />October 26, 2006<br />
  2. 2. “Second Industrial Revolution”<br />Extension of industrial and transportation networks<br />Concentration of industry and wealth in large firms, corporations, banks<br />Results<br />Standardization<br />Growing political influence<br />
  3. 3. Second Ind. Rev. (2)<br />New technologies: telephone, automobile, airplane, radio, electric lighting<br />Increased urbanization<br />More labor for factories<br />Problems of sanitation, health, sanity<br />Growing political involvement of working class<br />
  4. 4. Great Britain<br />Increasing suffrage<br />Benjamin Disraeli vs. William Gladstone<br />Women’s suffrage after World War I<br />Formation of Labour Party (1893)<br />Parliament Act of 1911<br />
  5. 5. France<br />Third Republic (1870-1940)<br />Began when Napoleon III was captured<br />Not popular<br />Scandals<br />Boulanger Affair<br />Panama Affair<br />Dreyfus Affair<br />
  6. 6. Germany<br />Second Reich (1870-1918)<br />Bismarck and Kulturkampf<br />Ferdinand LaSalle & Social Democrats<br />Kaiser Wilhelm II (1889-1918)<br />
  7. 7. European Imperialism<br />By 1910, Europeans ruled the world<br />Technological capabilities enabled this<br />Steamships and telegraphs<br />Quinine<br />Modern weaponry<br />Motivations: combination of competitiveness and condescension<br />
  8. 8. Imperialism by Region<br />Africa<br />Most direct involvement, outright conquest<br />“Scramble for Africa” after the Berlin Conference<br />Liberia and Ethiopia keep independence (“Humiliation of Adowa” in 1896)<br />
  9. 9. Imperialism by Region (2)<br />Middle East<br />Ottoman Empire—”sick man of Europe”<br />British and French get involved to protect businessmen and stop Russians<br />Far East<br />British conquer India in 18th century<br />Europeans break into China (Opium War) in 1830s<br />
  10. 10. Effects of Imperialism<br />Increase in foreign trade, foreign investment<br />Greater efficiency in world markets, rising standards of living<br />Large-scale Christian missions efforts<br />Destruction of traditional cultures, distortions of some colonial economies<br />Debate: Is capitalism inherently imperialistic?<br />
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