Decentralized Civilizations: Western Europe and Japan 600-1450Presentation Transcript
Decentralized Civilizations: Western Europe and Japan 600-1450 Mr. Ornstein Willow Canyon High School AP World History
Answer How is Centralized Power different from De-Centralized Power?
Decentralized Power Power is spread out Many weaker leaders vs. one strong ruler or party No One Ruler Conflicts for Power Potential for more Chaos
Feudalism Feudalism was Decentralized Power. How does Feudalism work? What event ended Feudalism in Western Europe?
Feudalism Political and Economic system with hierarchy and based on land, loyalty and protection. Used in Japan and Western Europe.
Charlemagne Attempts to Bring Back Centralized Power to Western Europe. Rules Empire that included France, Spain, and parts of Italy and Germany Empire Falls apart After Death
Feudalism Ends in Western Europe Crusades Black Death 100 Years War between England and France
Japan Archipelago- A group of Islands 85% Mountains Lack of Resources and Living Space
2 Problems Japan Has Always Had 1. Lack of Natural Resources 2. Lack of living space
Early Japan Early Japan was influenced by Chinese Culture Korea was the cultural bridge between China and Japan
Japanese Emperor Emperor was the traditional ruler of Japan. Religious and Political Ruler Kyoto was Capital
Emperor Loses Power and Japan Becomes Feudal 9th and 10th Century Emperor loses power to more decentralized feudal warlords and military generals. Rise of Daimyo and Samurai
Japanese Feudalism Shogun-Military Ruler Daimyo-Land owner/Noble Samurai-Warrior Peasant Merchants
Japanese Feudalism Shogun Daimyo Samurai Peasant Merchant European Feudalism Monarch Noble Knight Peasant
Shogun Military General of Head Daimyo of Japan Faked Loyalty to Emperor but really controlled Emperor
Bushido Code Honor Code for Samurai Like Chivalry for European Knight
Minamoto Yoritomo 1st Shogun of Japan 1180 Minamoto family brought stability to Japan.
Sengoku/Warring States Period 1300-1600 Minamoto family loses control of Shogunate Time of chaos and war in Japan as rival Daimyo fight to become new Shogun. Japan is no longer unified but is ruled by various Daimyo. Constant Fighting and violence
Japan and Europe under Feudalism Decentralized power. Fighting and chaos Disunity Charlemagne and Minamoto Yoritomo tried to bring Central Authority Back Warrior Honor Codes
Answer: Draw the Japanese Feudal Hierarchy: How were feudal times similar in both Japan and Western Europe? Who is the traditional ruler of Japan? What are 2 problems Japan has always had?