Association of Language Testers in Europe
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  • 1. Valutazione linguistica ed integrazione nel contesto italiano
    Roma, 11 maggio 2010
    Nick Saville, University of Cambridge, ESOL examinations
    Long-term residency and integration
    The UK case – since around 1997
  • 2. The UK case
    Illustrates all six stages of the “journey”
    Shows ways in which government policy interacts with the social, economic and linguistic factors
    Focuses specifically on language and assessment issues:
    ESOL Skills for Life Tests
    Role for language testers in carrying out impact research to investigate effects and consequences of
    - the policies
    - the tests
  • 3.
  • 4. Six stage of the “journey”
    1. Pre-entry
    2. Initial entry
    (Access)
    3. Extension of stay
    (Residency)
    4. Settlement
    (Indefinite stay)
    5. Request for citizenship
    6. Ceremony and new passport
    (Naturalisation)
    Newcomer
    Concept of “civic citizenship” (1997)
    English language for “social cohesion”
    ESOL Skills for Life Courses
    ESOL Skills for Life
    Tests
    “Oldcomer”
    Citizen
  • 5. What are ESOL Skills for Life Tests ?
    Accredited ESOL SfL tests from approved examinations boards (2004)
    UK regulator’s requirements within the basic skills programme
    • All accredited tests have general design features
    Examinations boards provide variants within this framework
    • Cambridge ESOL SfL tests
    Modular, 4 skills tests, at A1 to B2 of CEFR
    Guided learning hours for “average learners” estimated to be minimum 100 hours per skill, per level
    • Cambridge ESOL validation
    Routine analysis and reporting
    Specific impact research to monitor effects and consequences of these tests
    See Papp and Saville, 2009
  • 6. Summary of ESOL SfL Tests - from 2004
    Integration
    Free SfLcourses for resident migrants to help them with integration (2002)
    Free, non-obligatory SfL tests introduced to support these courses
    Citizenship (optional choice for resident migrants)
    Evidence of English language proficiency became obligatory when applying for citizenship (2004)
    SfL tests used in applications for citizenship - plus other measures
    Settlement (obligatory for long-term residency)
    Applications for indefinite right to remain follows same procedures as citizenship (2007)
    SfL tests now used
  • 7. Six stage of the “journey”
    1. Pre-entry
    2. Initial entry
    (Access)
    3. Extension of stay
    (Residency)
    4. Settlement
    (Indefinite stay)
    5. Request for citizenship
    6. Ceremony and new passport
    (Naturalisation)
    Newcomer
    Integration
    1
    “Oldcomer”
    Citizen
  • 8. Six stage of the “journey”
    1. Pre-entry
    2. Initial entry
    (Access)
    3. Extension of stay
    (Residency)
    4. Settlement
    (Indefinite stay)
    5. Request for citizenship
    6. Ceremony and new passport
    (Naturalisation)
    Newcomer
    Integration
    “Oldcomer”
    2
    Citizen
  • 9. Six stage of the “journey”
    1. Pre-entry
    2. Initial entry
    (Access)
    3. Extension of stay
    (Residency)
    4. Settlement
    (Indefinite stay)
    5. Request for citizenship
    6. Ceremony and new passport
    (Naturalisation)
    Newcomer
    Integration
    “Oldcomer”
    3
    Citizen
  • 10. Six stage of the “journey”
    1. Pre-entry
    2. Initial entry
    (Access)
    3. Extension of stay
    (Residency)
    4. Settlement
    (Indefinite stay)
    5. Request for citizenship
    6. Ceremony and new passport
    (Naturalisation)
    Tests which can be taken in country of origin
    Newcomer
    Integration
    “Oldcomer”
    Citizen
  • 11.
  • 12. Conclusions from UK case
    Language tests need to be “fit for purpose”: i.e. to have the technical qualities which enable high stakes decisions to be taken fairly using the test scores
    Language testers must provide evidence of the validity of their tests - “a validity argument”
    Language testers have a role as researchers in social contexts: i.e. to address both the quality of their tests and to investigate the impacts (intended & unintended effects and consequences)
  • 13. Thank you