1920sEurope - Europe in the 1920s

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1920sEurope - Europe in the 1920s

  1. 1. Europe<br />in the<br />1920s<br />
  2. 2. Europe in 1919<br />
  3. 3. Germany<br />
  4. 4. From the German Point of View<br /> Lost—but not forgotten country.<br /><ul><li>Into the heart You are to dig yourself these words as into stone: Which we have lost may not be truly lost! </li></li></ul><li>Maimed German WW I Veteran<br />
  5. 5. The “Stabbed-in-the-Back” Theory<br />Disgruntled German WWI veterans<br />
  6. 6. German “Revolutions” [1918]<br />
  7. 7. German Freikorps<br />
  8. 8. Sparticist Poster<br />
  9. 9. The Spartacist League<br />Rosa Luxemburg[1870-1919]murdered by the Freikorps<br />
  10. 10. Friedrich Ebert:First President of the Weimar Republic<br />
  11. 11. The German Government: 1919-1920<br />
  12. 12. The GermanMark<br />
  13. 13. The German Mark<br />
  14. 14. The French in the Ruhr: 1923<br />
  15. 15. The French Occupation of the Ruhr<br />
  16. 16. The Beer Hall Putsch: 1923<br />
  17. 17. The Beer Hall Putsch Idealized<br />
  18. 18. Hitler in Landesberg Prison<br />
  19. 19. Mein Kampf [My Struggle]<br />
  20. 20. European Debts to the United States<br />
  21. 21. The Dawes Plan (1924)<br />
  22. 22. The Young Plan (1930)<br />For three generations, you’ll have to slave away!<br />$26,350,000,000 to be paid over a period of 58½ years. <br />
  23. 23. Weimar Germany: Political Representation[1920-1933]<br />
  24. 24. Italy<br />
  25. 25. Benito Mussolini [1883-1945]<br />
  26. 26. Italian Fasces<br />
  27. 27. March on Rome [1922]<br />
  28. 28. Fascist Youth<br />
  29. 29. Lateran Treaty [1929]<br />
  30. 30. England<br />
  31. 31. Ramsay MacDonald: 1924, 1929<br />Labour Party<br />
  32. 32. Stanley Baldwin<br />Conservative Party<br />
  33. 33. 1926 General Strike<br />Trades Disputes Act (1927):<br /><ul><li>All general or sympathy strikes were illegal.
  34. 34. It forbade unions from raising money for political purposes.</li></li></ul><li>France<br />
  35. 35. Raymond Poincaré & the Conservative Right<br /><ul><li>He sent French troops into the Ruhr in 1923.
  36. 36. Pushed for large-scale infrastructure reconstruction programs [counting on German reparations to pay for them].
  37. 37. After 1926-29:
  38. 38. New taxes & tightened tax collections.
  39. 39. Drastic decline in govt. spending that stabilized the franc [the threat of runaway inflation was avoided!]</li></li></ul><li>Edouard Herriot & the French Socialists<br /><ul><li>1924-1926.
  40. 40. Progressive social reform.
  41. 41. Spoke for the lower classes, small businessmen, and farmers.
  42. 42. Committed to private enterprise and private property.
  43. 43. Fervently anti-clerical.</li></li></ul><li>Collective<br />Security<br />
  44. 44. League of Nations Members<br />
  45. 45. Washington Naval Conference[1921-1922]<br />U. S. Britain Japan France Italy 5 5 3 1.67 1.67<br />
  46. 46. The Maginot Line<br />
  47. 47. Locarno Pact: 1925<br />
  48. 48. Locarno Pact: 1925<br />Austin Chamberlain (Br.)<br />GustaveStresemann(Ger.)<br />AristideBriand(Fr.)<br /><ul><li>Guaranteed the common boundaries of Belgium, France, and Germany as specified in the Treaty of Versailles of 1919.
  49. 49. Germany signed treaties with Poland and Czechoslovakia, agreeing to change the eastern borders of Germany by arbitration only. </li></li></ul><li>Kellogg-Briand Pact: 1928<br /><ul><li>15 nations committed to outlawing aggression and war for settling disputes.
  50. 50. Problem no way of enforcement.</li></li></ul><li>Art<br />in the<br />1920s<br />
  51. 51. George Grosz<br />Grey Day(1921)<br />DaDa<br />
  52. 52. George Grosz<br />The Pillars of Society(1926)<br />DaDa<br />
  53. 53. Picasso  Studio with Plaster Head [1925]<br />Cubism<br />
  54. 54. Georges Braque  Still Life LeJeur [1929]<br />Cubism<br />
  55. 55. Walter Gropius  Bauhaus Bldg. [1928]<br />Bauhaus<br />
  56. 56. The<br />Great<br />Depression<br />
  57. 57. The Great Depression [1929-1941]<br />London in 1930<br />Paris in 1930<br />
  58. 58. German Unemployment: 1929-1938<br />
  59. 59. The Great Depression [1929-1941]<br />
  60. 60. Decrease in World Trade: 1929-1932<br />
  61. 61. German Election Results in 1933<br />
  62. 62. The “New Napoleons?”<br />

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