Introduction Indian Railways was introduced in 1853. Indian railways work under only 1 management. It is a lifeline of country. It is biggest civilian employer in the world . No strike in last 35 years in spite of 17 lakh workers. Always targeted by public during any rally, agitation etc.
In the last few years the Indian railways Turnover has fluctuate in a dramatic way .
When Lalu Prasad Yadav was the minister of the Indian Railways .The Indian Railways had registered a record profit of Rs 13,431.09 crore in 2007-08.
When MamtaBanerjee has been selected as the minister of Indian Railways (2008-10) .The Indian Railways had registered a huge decline in the profit compared from last years it was declined about 93 % of the previous budget (2007-08) the railway mapes a profit of Rs.951 crore only.
Comparison Of Lalu`s & MamtaBanerjee Figures of IR Lalu Prasad YadavBudet. MamtaBenrjee`s Budget . At the end of Lalu`s ministry the Indian railway mapped a profit of Rs.13,431 Cr. Operational problems due to agitations not withstanding, Railways' total earnings for 2010-11 have surpassed the target set for the fiscal by about Rs. 100 crore.
The New Budget Of 2011-12 No hike in passenger fare and freight rates. Highest ever Plan outlay of Rs 57,630 crore proposed for Railways. Rs. 9,583 crore provided for new lines. 1300 km new lines, 867 km doubling of lines and 1017 km gauge conversion targeted in 2011-12. 56 new Express Trains, 3 new Shatabdis and 9 Duronto trains to be introduced. AC Double Decker services on Jaipur-Delhi and Ahmedabad-Mumbai routes. * New Super AC Class to be introduced. A new portal for e-ticketing to be launched shortly. Booking charges will be cheaper with a charge of only Rs 10 for AC classes and Rs 5 for others. Pan-India multi-purpose smart card 'Go India' to be introduced. 236 more stations to be upgraded as Adarsh Stations. 47 additional suburban services in Mumbai and 50 new suburban services proposed for Kolkata. Two new passenger terminals in Kerala and one each in Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal proposed. Feasibility study to raise speed of passenger trains to 160-200 kmph to be undertaken. A special package of two new trains and two projects for the states managing trouble free run of trains through out the year. Anti Collision Devise (ACD) sanctioned to cover 8 zonal railways. GPS Based 'Fog Safe' Device to be deployed. All unmanned level crossing up to 3000 to be eliminated. All India Security Help line on a single number set up.
A scheme for socially desirable projects, 'PradhanMantri Rail VikasYojana' with non-lapsable fund proposed.
10,000 shelter units proposed for track side dwellers in Mumbai, Sealdah, Siliguri, Tiruchirapalli on pilot basis.
Concession to physically handicapped persons to be extended on Rajdhani and Shatabdi trains.
Concession of 50 per cent to press correspondents with family increased to twice a year.
Scholarship for girl child of Group-D railway employees increased to Rs 1200 per month. 20 additional hostels for children of railway employees to be set up. Recruitment for 1.75 lakh vacancies of Group 'C' and 'D' including to fill up backlog of SC/ST initiated, 16,000 ex-servicemen to be inducted by March 2011. A separate sports cadre to be created. 2011-12 declared 'Year of Green Energy' for Railways. Freight loading of 993 MT and passenger growth of 6.4 per cent estimated for 2011-12. Gross Traffic Receipts at Rs 1,06,239 crore, exceeding one lakhcrore mark for the first time estimated. Ordinary Working Expenses assessed at Rs 73,650 crore. By : MamtaBenrjee
Indian Railways Salient Features & drawback One of the biggest feature that Indian railway has provided to their customers is of e-ticketing. E-ticketing by this facility the people are some how relaxed a bit because he/she can book ticket(reservation) without wasting any time or standing in queues. If we look at the figures of the e-booking of tickets about 80% of the tickets are booked by the people who are living in metro cities (NCR,Delhi,Gurgaon,Mumbai etc.) There is a big drawback of booking an e-ticket that it is mandatory for the person who is booking the ticket get his/her ticket confirmed before the time of boarding of the train otherwise the person will be traeted as without ticket. Otherwise all other quotas are there like tatkal , general and ladies. Indian Railways has given many links for booking an e-ticket i.e- Irctc.co.in , Indianrailinfo.com &Indianrailgov.in.
Indian Railway Catering & Tourism Corporatioon Limited
Strength The “Biggest Company” in the world in terms of employees strength. The cheapest way of travelling if compares to other mode of travelling. Luxurious and affordable to common man. Connect different cities and countries. Technological advancement.
Weakness Corruption with in the department. Lack of accident proof magnetic wheels in all trains. Lack of safety. Poor Infrastructure Delayed Trains. Non-pro active employees.
Opportunity “Metro” in a commercial city like Delhi. Development in all small cities. Profit through privatization.
Threats Low cost of airlines. Improvement of other infrastructure like roadways. Could be taken over by airlines.
Conclusion There are many loop holes that has to be overcome. Security is one of the biggest concern. There should be proper cleaning on the stations. There should be more numbers of trains at the time of vacations. There is an other alternate also for booking a ticket other than e-booking for more comfort ability and saving time of the people.