How to Write a Speech Outline

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  • 1. how towrite aspeechoutline
  • 2. Definition"Thesis" A thesis is a statement you plan to prove.
  • 3. Come up with your ownthesis:Example thesis:"Bananas are the best fruit."
  • 4. Come up with three reasonswhy you are right:Reason 1: "Bananas can fill you up."Reason 2: "Bananas are versatile."Reason 3: "Bananas are great in smoothies."
  • 5. Put the points in order:Put your best point last:"Bananas can fill you up." Put your second-best point first:"Bananas are great in smoothies." Put your weakest point in the middle:"Bananas are versatile."
  • 6. Write your reasons in thenew order:1. Bananas are great in smoothies.2. Bananas are versatile.3. Bananas can fill you up.
  • 7. Definitions:Types of research sources“Primary resource” means the informationcomes from someone’s personal experience.Examples are blogs, forums, youtube videos,and interviews (you can even do your owninterview.) “Secondary resource” means the informationwas written by someone who did not actuallyexperience it. Examples are wikipedia andnews articles.
  • 8. Add two details for eachreasonYou can find your details online or you can doyour own interviews. At least one detail must come from a primaryresource (see the definition on the previousslide.)
  • 9. 1. Bananas are great insmoothies.Detail 1: Bananas help smoothies create that rich creamytexture that makes a smoothie great.Website: http://www.smoothieweb.com/category/fruit-smoothies/banana-smoothies/Detail 2: A good trick for beginners as they begin experimentingwith green smoothies, is to freeze bananas. Frozen bananashelp your smoothies to taste great, and give them the richconsistency of a milkshake!Website: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RLfwMWqbz2I** primary resource
  • 10. 2. Bananas are versatile.Detail 1: You can eat them when they are mild tasting or when theyare as sweet as candy. A yellow banana with a little green at one endis the first stage of ripeness. The banana is not yet fully sweet, but ithas begun to sweeten more fully.A fully yellow banana is ripe, thepeel has thinned a little and the banana is softer and sweeter. Ayellow banana with a couple brown spots is a full-ripe banana... thisis its height of sweetness. These bananas also have the strongestbanana flavor.Website: http://askville.amazon.com/Banana-ripe/AnswerViewer.do?requestId=9016572 Detail 2: Over-ripe bananas can be frozen and used in desserts suchas ice cream or baking.Website: http://gentleworld.org/the-magic-of-frozen-bananas/
  • 11. 3. Bananas can fill you up.Detail 1: Bananas are an excellent source of fiber andcarbohydrates, yet are fat free, cholesterol free, and sodiumfree.Website: http://realfoodie.hubpages.com/hub/BANANA-The-Perfect-Food Detail 2: One medium sized banana (about 7" long) containsroughly 110 calories, yet is packed with vitamins, minerals thatwill boost your energy.Website: http://realfoodie.hubpages.com/hub/BANANA-The-Perfect-Food 
  • 12. Definition"Sign Posting"Sign posting during a speech means addingwords and phrases that will help the audienceorganize the ideas in their mind.
  • 13. Next, turn each "reason"into a paragraph:Start each paragraph with a sign-posting wordor phrase: Choose “First”, “Second,” and “Third.” Or “To begin with,” “Next,” and “Lastly.” Or you come up with your own variation.
  • 14. First, bananas are great in smoothies. Bananas help smoothiescreate that rich creamy texture that makes a smoothie great. A goodtrick for beginners as they begin experimenting with green smoothies,is to freeze bananas. Frozen bananas help your smoothies to tastegreat, and give them the rich consistency of a milkshake! Second, bananas are versatile. You can eat them when they aremild tasting or when they are as sweet as candy. A yellow bananawith a little green at one end is the first stage of ripeness. Thebanana is not yet fully sweet, but it has begun to sweeten more fully.A fully yellow banana is ripe, the peel has thinned a little and thebanana is softer and sweeter. A yellow banana with a couple brownspots is a full-ripe banana... this is its height of sweetness. Thesebananas also have the strongest banana flavor. Over-ripe bananas canbe frozen and used in desserts such as ice cream or baking. Lastly, bananas can fill you up. Bananas are an excellent sourceof fiber and carbohydrates, yet are fat free, cholesterol free, andsodium free. One medium sized banana (about 7" long) containsroughly 110 calories, yet is packed with vitamins, minerals that willboost your energy. 
  • 15. Next,create an introduction...
  • 16. First, write a lead-in statement thatbriefly and bluntly states your thesisand your three reasons:Lead-in statement:"Bananas are the best fruit around becausethey can be mild or sweet, they are great insmoothies, and they can fill you up."
  • 17. Come up with a way to get theaudience’s attention.Choose one of the following:1. Humor (something funny)2. A story (something interesting you heard or read that relates to the topic)3. A quote (something related to your topic)4. A rhetorical question (philosophical questions to which you do not expect an answer)5. A startling statement (surprising facts, statistics or outrageous ideas related to the topic)6. A personal experience (a story from your own life) 
  • 18. Startling statement:"Did you know bananas are the worlds best-selling fruit, outranking the apple and orange?"
  • 19. Next, transition to your thesisstatement:"In fact, I would go so far as to say thatbananas are THE best fruit in existence."
  • 20. Let them know why they shouldlisten to YOU on this particular topic:"I personally eat about 10 bananas a day, and Ilove them. I’ve also spent time researchingthe banana and what makes them so verywonderful, and now I’m ready to share what Iknow with you."
  • 21. Give the audience any backgroundinformation they might need and/ordefine any terms.(This is optional and may not be needed forall topics):"Some background on the banana: the sweetyellow banana is a mutant strain whichdeveloped from original red and green cookingbananas most often called plantains. Thebanana is also a distant cousin to ginger,tumeric, and cardamom, and is botanicallyclassified as a berry."
  • 22. Combine your introductorysentences into a paragraph, usingthis structure:1. Get the audience’s attention2. Transition to your thesis3. Tell them why they should listen to you4. Give them background/definitions(optional)5. Make your lead-in statement
  • 23. "Did you know bananas are the worlds best-sellingfruit, outranking the apple and orange? In fact, Iwould go so far as to say that bananas are THE bestfruit in existence. I personally eat about 10 bananas aday, and I love them. I’ve also spent timeresearching the banana and what makes them so verywonderful, and now I’m ready to share what I knowwith you. Some background on the banana: the sweetyellow banana is a mutant strain which developedfrom original red and green cooking bananas mostoften called plantains. The banana is also a distantcousin to ginger, turmeric, and cardamom, and isbotanically classified as a berry. Bananas are the bestfruit around because they can be mild or sweet, theyare great in smoothies, and they can fill you up."
  • 24. Next, write an end to yourspeech...
  • 25. Begin with a sign-post transition like“In conclusion” or “In summary,”and then restate your thesis andyour three reasons(try to vary the words, if you can):"In summary, the banana is a wonderful fruitbecause it makes delicious smoothies, it canhave a variety of tastes, and it can actually fillyou up."
  • 26. End the speech, thank the audience,and transition to the Q and A:"I hope that you found this speech informativeand that you will consider adding morebananas into your day-to-day life. Thank youfor listening. Are there any questions?"
  • 27. Turn your conclusion sentences intoa paragraph:"In summary, the banana is a wonderful fruitbecause it makes delicious smoothies, it canhave a variety of tastes, and it can actually fillyou up. I hope that you found this speechinformative and that you will consider addingmore bananas into your day-to-day life.Thank you for listening. Are there anyquestions?"
  • 28. Finally, put your paragraphs in thefollowing order:1. Introduction paragraph2. Reason 1 paragraph3. Reason 2 paragraph4. Reason 3 paragraph5. Conclusion paragraph
  • 29. Did you know bananas are the worlds best-selling fruit, outranking the apple and orange? Infact, I would go so far as to say that bananas are THE best fruit in existence. I personally eat about10 bananas a day, and I love them. I’ve also spent time researching the banana and what makesthem so very wonderful, and now I’m ready to share what I know with you. Some background on thebanana: the sweet yellow banana is a mutant strain which developed from original red and greencooking bananas most often called plantains. The banana is also a distant cousin to ginger,turmeric, and cardamom, and is botanically classified as a berry. Bananas are the best fruit aroundbecause they can be mild or sweet, they are great in smoothies, and they can fill you up. First, bananas are great in smoothies. Bananas help smoothies create that rich creamy texturethat makes a smoothie great. A good trick for beginners as they begin experimenting with greensmoothies, is to freeze bananas. Frozen bananas help your smoothies to taste great, and give themthe rich consistency of a milkshake! Second, bananas are versatile. You can eat them when they are mild tasting or when they areas sweet as candy. A yellow banana with a little green at one end is the first stage of ripeness. Thebanana is not yet fully sweet, but it has begun to sweeten more fully.A fully yellow banana is ripe,the peel has thinned a little and the banana is softer and sweeter. A yellow banana with a couplebrown spots is a full-ripe banana... this is its height of sweetness. These bananas also have thestrongest banana flavor. Over-ripe bananas can be frozen and used in desserts such as ice cream orbaking. Lastly, bananas can fill you up. Bananas are an excellent source of fiber and carbohydrates,yet are fat free, cholesterol free, and sodium free. One medium sized banana (about 7" long)contains roughly 110 calories, yet is packed with vitamins, minerals that will boost your energy. In summary, the banana is a wonderful fruit because it makes delicious smoothies, it can havea variety of tastes, and it can actually fill you up. I hope that you found this speech informativeand that you will consider adding more bananas into your day-to-day life. Thank you for listening.Are there any questions? 
  • 30. Read over your speech and change anythingthat sounds awkward or that doesn’t flowwell. You’re done!