A STUDY ON FIVE MODELS OFORGANISATIONAL BEHAVIOR Executed For a Group Assignment 12/10/2012 Jahangirnagar UniversityKhairuzzaman Mamun
A STUDY ON FIVE MODELS OFORGANISATIONAL BEHAVIOR Prepared for Prepared byMs. Mahfuza khatunLecturerDepartment of Finance & BankingJahangirnagar UniversitySavar, Dhaka.1. Khairuzzaman MamunID No :20113137Contact no : 01761808592Email : firstname.lastname@example.org. Misbah-ul-alamID No: 20122405Email: email@example.com,firstname.lastname@example.org. Md. QuamruzzamanID No: 20122397Mob: 01713013214Email: email@example.com. Tapash kanti bhattacharjeeMob: 01711521710ID No: 20122396Email: firstname.lastname@example.org. Mohammad Habibur RahmanID No: 20122305Mob: 01911922113Email: email@example.comSubmission Date: October 12,2012
LETTER OF TRANSMITALOctober 12, 2012Ms. Mahfuza khatunLecturer, Department of Finance & BankingJahangirnagar UniversityDear Ms. MahfuzaHere is the report that you asked ask us to conduct on September 15, 2012 on a Case Study onfive models of organizational behavior.This study focused on different types of discussion with example about the five models oforganizational behavior.We will be pleased if you have any further query for this you can call us at your convenient timeand place.Sincerely yours,1. Khairuzzaman MamunID No :20113137Contact no : 01761808592Email : firstname.lastname@example.org. Misbah-ul-alamID No: 20122405Email: email@example.com,firstname.lastname@example.org. Md. QuamruzzamanID No: 20122397Mob: 01713013214Email: email@example.com. Tapash kanti bhattacharjeeMob: 01711521710ID No: 20122396Email: firstname.lastname@example.org. Mohammad Habibur RahmanID No: 20122305Mob: 01911922113Email: email@example.com
Sequence of contents a) Introductionb) Classification models of OBc) Autocratic modeld) Custodial modele) Supportive modelf) Collegial modelg) System modelh) Table of five models of OBi) A Comparison between Autocratic and System Modelsj) Conclusionk) Appendix
IntroductionTop management’s models are particularly important to identify, for theunderlying model that exists within a firm’s chief executive officer tendsextend throughout that firm. For this reason, models of organizationalbehavior are highly significant.Classification models of OB:There are five models of OB1. Autocratic model2. Custodial model3. Supportive model4. Collegial model5. System modelAutocratic model:In this model we can find that this model relies on power. For example,managers have the ability, authority to control their employees and theemployee’s performance in this stage will be much lower than expected.Short notes of this model:1. Depends on power2. Managerial orientation is authority3. Employee orientation is obedience4. Employee psychological result depends on boss5. Employee needs met is subsistence6. Performance result is minimumExample: Defense team, because here officer hold power and authorityto obey them and thus soldiers are obedient to execute officer’s order.
Custodial model:This model usually depends on economic resources (money). Forinstance, managers can simulate their employees by offering themfacilities, and benefits, but in this model the employee’s won’t work as ateam (Less sharing with others) because everyone will depend on hi sself to get more benefits than the others.Short notes of this model:1. Depends on economical resource2. Managerial orientation is money3. Employee orientation is security and benefit4. Employee psychological result depends on organization5. Employee needs met is security6. Performance result is passive cooperationExample: Garments factory, because here it is based on economicalresource. Here labors execute their job for security and benefit, againhere if an organization do well then employee get better benefit.Supportive model:This model relies on leadership. For example, managers support theiremployees by encouraging, and supporting them to perform a better job,get along with each other and as well as developing their skills. ThePerformance results will be awakened drives.Short notes of this model:1. Depends on leadership2. Managerial orientation is support3. Employee orientation is job and performance4. Employee psychological result is participation5. Employee needs met is status and recognition
6. Performance result is awakened drivesExample: Software firm, because here leaders support there employee toperform their tasks or their project.Collegial model:This model means that employees depend on each other cooperativelyand work as a team to do the task. Everyone will be having a normalenthusiasm self-discipline, and responsible behavior towards their tasks.Short notes of this model:1. Depends on partnership2. Managerial orientation is teamwork3. Employee orientation is responsible behavior4. Employee psychological result is self discipline5. Employee needs met is self actualization6. Performance result is moderate enthusiasmExample: Social organization such as willingly blood donationorganization BADHON, because here every one work as teamwork andeach member takes responsibilities for organizational goal. Eachmember works here only for self actualization.System model:This model is based on trust, self-motivation, and the performanceresults will be more than expected, because employees will becommitted to do their tasks as expected, and as well as organizationalgoals.After we explained the models in brief we would like to inform you thatthe world nowadays requires from us necessary steps before we decidethe best model to have for an each organization. One of the mostimportant things to consider is that managers and leaders should clearly
understand the nature of their organizations before making any decision.Also, they have to consider and look at the changing in the environmentand of course the employee’s needs so that they can have the best modelto use to get a better result.Short notes of this model:1. Depends on trust, community, understanding2. Managerial orientation is caring, compassion3. Employee orientation is psychological ownership4. Employee psychological result is self motivation5. Employee needs met is wide range6. Performance result is passion, commitment, organization goalExample: Some corporate firm which are based on trust or communityWhere employees are self motivated and committed for organizationalgoals.Table of five models of OB:Autocratic Custodial Supportive Collegial SystemBasis ofModelPower EconomicalResourceLeadership partnership TrustCommunityUnderstandingManagerialOrientationAuthority Money Support Teamwork CaringCompassionEmployeeorientationObedience Security&BenefitJob&PerformanceResponsibleBehaviorPsychologicalOwnershipEmployeePsychologicalResultDependsOnBossDependsOnOrganizationPartnership SelfDisciplineSelfMotivationEmployeeNeeds metSubsistence Security Status&RecognitionSelfActualizationWideRangePerformanceresultMinimum PassiveCooperationAwakenedDrivesModerateEnthusiasmPassionCommitmentOrganizational goalsExample DefenseTeamGarmentsFactorySoftwareFirmSocialOrganizationBADHONSomeCorporateFirm
A Comparison between Autocratic and System Models:Autocratic Model Vs System ModelPicturesA briefexplanationThe leaders control the group withoutallowing the members to have a say inthe way it should function.The leader of the group makes the membersparticipate in making choices and concentrateon motivating the members to take leader role.Conclusion:Based on this study it can be said that from autocratic model to system modeculture & relationship between employers and employee of the organization aredeveloped.Appendix:• Wikipedia• Book – Organization Behavior (Robbins/ Judge).