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A poem of great personality. Ozymandias

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  1. 2. <ul><li>Name: Percy Bysshe Shelley </li></ul><ul><li>Famous as:- Romantic and Lyric Poet. </li></ul><ul><li>Born on:- 04 August 1792. </li></ul><ul><li>Born in:- Horsham, England. </li></ul><ul><li>Died on:- 08 July 1822. </li></ul><ul><li>Nationality:- United Kingdom. </li></ul><ul><li>Works & Achievements:- The Revolt of Islam, The Masque of Anarchy and Men of England. </li></ul>
  2. 3. <ul><li>Percy Bysshe Shelley, who qualified as a Romantic by the exacting test of expiring a month before his 30th birthday, became oceanic by dying in a tempest on the Mediterranean, had Byron as a mourner at his funeral pyre, and was in any case partly exempted from the latter's contempt by the otherwise extremely stormy career that he pursued. </li></ul><ul><li>He continues to lead a sort of double-life in our literature, first as the author of such nature-loving verses as To a Skylark and second as a revolutionary whose work in poetry and prose was often considered too incendiary to be published in his own lifetime. </li></ul>
  3. 4. <ul><li>Written in 1817 during a writing contest against Horace Smith. </li></ul><ul><li>First published in 11/Jan/1818 in Leigh Hunt’s Examiner. </li></ul><ul><li>Thought to be inspired by the arrival of the statue of “younger Memnon” in Britain. </li></ul><ul><li>A ‘classic’ poem which has been studied and dissected countless times in the subject of English ever since its creation. </li></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><li>Ozymandias is a Petrarchan sonnet written in the form of Iambic Pentameter. </li></ul><ul><li>However, the rhyme scheme is different, ABABACDC-EDEFEF and links the poem together even between the divisions through D. </li></ul><ul><li>The couplets -feet- are not always iambic ( - / ) and contains spondaic, trochaic and pyrrhic couplets, breaking the ‘square’ feeling of sonnets in general and allows the ‘thought’ to flow naturally. </li></ul><ul><li>Enjambment is applied to separate the octave and the sestet. </li></ul><ul><li>Each division of the poem is one continuous line of thought, adding to the sinuous, intertwining effect. </li></ul><ul><li>The diction is chosen with great care and creates a strong imagery – as you may have noticed in the analysis. </li></ul><ul><li>The notable diction of the poem is combined with alliteration to create even more powerful imagery, such as the “sneer of cold command.” </li></ul><ul><li>Metaphorical uses help carry across the theme of the poem. </li></ul>
  5. 9. <ul><li>The traveller told the poet that the sculptor who stamped the king’s passion on stone had died, but his art was alive. Similarly, the king whose heart fed those cruel passion had died, but the sign of his cruelty could still be seen. </li></ul><ul><li>The poet means to suggest that a man dies but his actions outlive him. </li></ul>
  6. 10. <ul><li>The following words were on the pedestal of the statue: “ My name is Ozymandias. I am the king of kings. Even mightiest of the world can never hope to equal my achievements. If they look at my mighty works, they will simply be filled with despair about their own power .” </li></ul><ul><li>The traveller told the port that now nothing remained of that proud king. No trace of his power was left on the sands of time. There was nothing but sand round the decay of that huge statue. It lay all in ruins. Round it the lone, level and barren sands of the desert stretched far away. </li></ul>
  7. 11. <ul><li>I met a traveller from an antique land </li></ul><ul><li>Who said : Two vast and trunkless legs of stone </li></ul><ul><li>Stand in the desert. </li></ul><ul><li>Choose the correct option to answer each question:- </li></ul><ul><li>Who had come from an antique land? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The poet. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A traveller. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ozymandias. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Albatross. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Who had made that statue? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A poet. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A sculptor. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A king. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ozymandias. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Where was the trunk? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>On the legs. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Under a tree. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In the sand. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>On the riverbank. </li></ul></ul>SOME MULTILE CHOICE QUESTIONS ON BASED OZYMANDIAS (PASSAGE 1)
  8. 12. <ul><li>Near them, on the sand, </li></ul><ul><li>Half sunk, a shattered visage lies, whose frown, </li></ul><ul><li>And wrinkled lip, and sneer of cold command, </li></ul><ul><li>Tell that its sculptor well those passion read. </li></ul><ul><li>Choose the correct option to complete each sentence:- </li></ul><ul><li>These lines were written by </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Shelley. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ozymandias. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shakespeare. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>D.H. Lawrence </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The visage showed </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A frown. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A wrinkled lip. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A cold sneer. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All the above </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The sculptor could show those passions on the visage because </li></ul><ul><ul><li>He loved the king. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>He could read those passions in the king’s heart. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>He was a qualified sculptor. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>He was a learned poet. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 13. <ul><li>Which yet survive, stamped on these lifeless things, </li></ul><ul><li>The hand that mocked them, and the heart that fed; </li></ul><ul><li>Choose the correct option to answer each questions:- </li></ul><ul><li>What is ‘which’ here in the first line ? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sneer of cold command. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wrinkled lip. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Passions of the king. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Feelings of Ozymandias. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The ‘hand that mocked.......’. Whose ‘hand’ ? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ozymandias’s. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>King's. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sculptor’s. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Narrator’s. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What did the ‘hand’ do ? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It sculptor the expressions of the king. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It made fun of Ozymandias by sculpting him as such. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It laughed at the king’s passions. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It ridiculed the king. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 14. <ul><li>And on the pedestal these words appear: </li></ul><ul><li>“ My name is Ozymandias, king of kings: </li></ul><ul><li>Look upon my words, ye Mighty, and despair !” </li></ul><ul><li>Choose the correct option to answer each questions:- </li></ul><ul><li>‘ My name is Ozymandias, king of kings’ shows the </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Despair of the king. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Despair of the king and repentance of his pride. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Uselessness of sneer, frown and hatred. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Futility of life. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The king asks the reader to ‘despair’ because </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Life is as such. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pride, arrogance and contempt lead one nowhere. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Time is a great healer. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Time levels all. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Who has/have been referred to as ‘Mighty’ ? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The king of kings. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>God. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ozymandias. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The powerful men of the world. </li></ul></ul>
  11. 15. <ul><li>Nothing beside remains. Round the decay </li></ul><ul><li>Of that colossal wreck, boundless and bare </li></ul><ul><li>The love and level sands stretch far away. </li></ul><ul><li>Choose the correct option to complete each sentence:- </li></ul><ul><li>Nothing remains beside </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The desert. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The sculptor. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The poet. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The king’s statue. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The desert sands are </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Boundless and bare. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lone and level. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Both (a) and (b). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Neither (a) nor (b). </li></ul></ul><ul><li>These lines convey the idea that </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Truth is beauty. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Time and tide wait for none. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Distance lends charm to the view. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>With time, everything mixes with dust. </li></ul></ul>