IMPACTS OF FOOD SAFETY STANDARDS ONPROCESSED ANIMAL BASED EXPORT By“FOCUSED ON POULTRY INDUSTRIES THAILAND” Ms.Atcharaporn Khoomtong
CONTENT Introduction General overview about Food Safety Standards Overview about Food Safety Standards in Thailand General Food safety concern in the poultry product Present Situation of food safety in the export poultry industry of Thailand
CONTENT Flooding situation in Thailand Effect to poultry industry? Benefit from Achieving Food safety standards Certification in Thailand Constraints in the implementation Food Safety Standards in case of SMEs Food industries Thailand Recommendations
ThailandThe richestagriculturalProduce Countryin the world,located in themost fertile landon tropical areaof SoutheastAsia.
The primary export markets are Japan, the US, EU,and ASEAN. Most food exports are prepared andready-to-eat. The major categories are: Seafood Fresh and processed fruit and vegetables Canned and other processed forms Fresh - Frozen and Processed chicken Other goods
MAJOR MARKETS OF FRESH - FROZEN AND PROCESSED CHICKEN OF THAILAND Veitnam, Other, Germany, Japan,Netherland, UK,
Food Safety Standardscan be considered to have three main components: quality control quality assurance quality improvement.Consumers want the assurance that they are receivinga safe and sanitary food supply.
SCHEMATIC REPRESENTATION OF THECOMMUNICATION WITHIN THE FOOD CHAIN
OVERVIEW ABOUTFOOD SAFETY STANDARDS IN THAILAND
INTERNATIONAL TRADE Direct IndirectCommon Agricultural Policy agreement under World Trade Organization- European Union : EU (WTO)- = 25 Nations Advance Technology
AGREEMENT UNDER WORLD TRADE ORGANIZATION (WTO) Decreasing Subsidy Agreement on Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures Agreement on Trade and Environment
IMPACTS FROM NON -TARIFF BARRIER OF EU TO EXPORT POULTRY PRODUCTS OF THAILAND Import Quota Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures : SPS Quantitative Measures - Qualitative MeasuresRestrict of export quantity of poultry from Thailand Effect of Brand Image Building High Cost Production
POTENTIAL FROM NON -TARIFF BARRIER EFFECTS OF THAILAND EXPORTER??? From Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures : SPS ,Thailand have to control about MRLs and also GMP in feed mill and treatment of animal manufacturings Change style of export poultry product in 2004 from The HPAI outbreaks
STRUCTURE OF FOOD SAFETY1 STANDARDS IN THAILAND Safety Requirements for Agricultural Commodity and Foodlivestock fish plant
chemical risks NitrofuranAntibiotics Dioxin Organochlorinated insecticides
THE VERTICAL CHAIN OF POULTRY FOOD-PRODUCTS AND EXAMPLES OF POSSIBLE HAZARD POINTSIdentification and Tracing system
PRESENT SITUATION OF FOOD SAFETY IN THE EXPORT POULTRY INDUSTRY OF THAILAND
Thai Broiler History MT Quota tariff Thailand Financial Crisis Avian Flu Depreciation 600,000 Nitrofurans 500,000 Chloramphenical EU White Paper Start to Export Animal Welfare 400,000 processed chicken BSE in UK 300,000 200,000Start to ExportFrozen chicken 100,000 163 0 . 2516 2520 2525 2530 2531 2532 2533 2534 2535 2536 2537 2538 2539 2540 2541 2542 2543 2544 2545 2546 2547 2548 2549 2550 1997 1973 1991 1996 1999 2003 2006 Source Thai Broiler Processing Exporters Association
THAILAND EXPORT VALUE OF POULTRY Source: The Ministry of Commerce
POULTRY PRODUCTION IN THAILANDcan be classifiedthree primary systems; semi- industrial large-scale production industrial production smallholder backyard farming
Laws System Certification Schematic representations Regulation Standard issued by Department of Livestock Development Note * mean forced only the exporters
REGULATIONSCONTROL AND INSPECTION OF POULTRY MEAT ANDPOULTRY MEAT PRODUCTS Ministerial Notification of Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives on Livestock Farm Standard of Thailand B.E. 2542 (1999; Broiler farm standard), B.E. 2546 (2003; Meat-type duck farm standard) Poultry Meat and Poultry Products Inspection Regulations B.E. 2548 (2005) Regulations of the DLD on Protection of Poultry at Farm B.E. 2542 (1999)
REGULATIONSCONTROL AND INSPECTION OF POULTRY MEAT ANDPOULTRY MEAT PRODUCTS Regulations of the DLD on Traceability System of Livestock Products B.E. 2546 (2003) Regulations of the DLD on Implementation of HACCP for Slaughterhouses and Meat Processing Plants Manufacturing for Export B.E. 2547 (2004)
CONTROL AND INSPECTION OF POULTRY MEAT AND POULTRY MEAT PRODUCTSI. Poultry standard farmII. Pre-slaughter inspection at poultry farmIII. Movement controlIV. Accreditation of poultry slaughterhouse and processing plant for export manufactureV. Inspection at poultry slaughterhouse
I. POULTRY STANDARD FARM1. Notification of Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives on Livestock Farm Standard of Thailand 1999, 20032. Criteria for certification of farm standards: - farm bio-security system - appropriate housing - good husbandry and hygienic practices
I. POULTRY STANDARD FARM3. Private veterinarians trained and licensed by the DLD4. Follow-up inspection every 6 month by the DLD committee5. Renewal of certification every 2 years6. Withdrawal of certification in case of infringement
II. PRE-SLAUGHTER INSPECTION AT POULTRY FARM1. Farm is not under restriction in connection with any poultry infectious diseases2. Sampling 60 cloacal swabs per flock for AI analysis3. Negative result of AI is required for movement permit4. Antemortem inspection by the DLD provincial officers maximum 3 d prior to slaughter
III. MOVEMENT CONTROL1. The DLD provincial veterinary officer issues the Animal Movement Permit2. Poultry must be accompanied with LSC 001, AI testing result and Movement Permit during transportation to slaughterhouse3. Animal Quarantine
IV. ACCREDITATION OF POULTRY SLAUGHTERHOUSE ANDPROCESSING PLANT FOR EXPORT MANUFACTURE Procedures of accreditation
V. INSPECTION AT POULTRY SLAUGHTERHOUSE A DLD veterinary meat inspector and a number of meat inspectors per shift in every slaughterhouse Antemortem inspection using information from LSC 001, movement permit Animal Welfare Postmortem inspection
V. INSPECTION AT POULTRY SLAUGHTERHOUSE Operational hygiene Personal hygiene Sanitation of premise HACCP implementation
V. INSPECTION AT POULTRY SLAUGHTERHOUSE Routine sampling Storage & transportation Meat transfer certificate for transfer meat to further processing Traceability system
VI. INSPECTION AT POULTRY MEAT PRODUCTS PROCESSING PLANT A DLD veterinary meat inspectorand meat inspector(s) Incoming meat / Meat transfercertificateOperational hygienePersonal hygieneSanitation of premiseHACCP implementation
VI. INSPECTION AT POULTRY MEAT PRODUCTS PROCESSING PLANT Routine sampling Storage & transportation Traceability system
VII. CERTIFICATION FOR EXPORT Export permit issued by a vet meat inspector on-site Loading products into shipping container DLD seal Product check list Trace back record Issue Health Certificate at the DLD head office
HOW TO EXPORT ??? Health Certificate Export to Muslim Market Export to General Internationl MarketFrozen steamd Poultry meat products chicken meat processing plant & Cold storage
NUMBER OF HACCP/GMP-CERTIFIED FACTORIES IN EACH POULTRY INDUSTRY SECTORSource: Department of Livestock Development: DLD, (Updated December, 2010)Note * mean certify by Department of Livestock ** mean certify by Ministry of Interior
CASE STUDY OF ANY HAZARDSIN POULTRY PRODUCT OF THAILAND
Thailand Nitro-furans (a banned group of antibiotics) Dioxin Codex Alimentarius Commission, Residues of Veterinary Drugs in Food (Revised 1997) Codex Alimentarius Commission, Residues of Pesticides in Food and Animal Feeds (Revised 1997) EU Commission, Maximum Residue Limits (MRLs) of Veterinary Medicinal Products in Feedstuffs of animal Origin. Japan’s Ministry of Health and Welfare, Food
CODE OF PRACTICE ON GOOD ANIMAL FEEDING GUIDELINES FOR THE CONTROL OF CAMPYLOBACTER AND SALMONELLA IN CHICKEN MEAT GUIDE FOR THE MICROBIOLOGICAL QUALITY OF SPICES AND HERBS USED IN PROCESSED MEAT AND POULTRY PRODUCTS CODE OF HYGIENIC PRACTICE FOR MEAT
Outbreak in poultry sector is Bird flu virusesTHE HPAI OUTBREAKS IN THAILAND 2004 TO 2006
BIOSECURITY CERTIFICATION AGAINST AVIAN FLU: FOOD SAFETY TECHNOLOGY FOR COMPETITIVENESS ON WORLD MARKETSFood safety measures to bring the buyers back A compartment is defined as a well defined area where animals are kept under a biosecurity management system. At every stage of production the origin of the chicken meat destined for export can be traced back to a specific flock in a specific compartment.
FLOODING SITUATION IN THAILAND EFFECT TO POULTRY INDUSTRY?
POULTRY INDUSTRY OF THAILAND IS LOCATED IN CENTRAL AREA
The Agriculture Ministryreports about 7 millionhead of livestock wereaffected by the currentfloods
A CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK: GENERAL SYSTEMS STRUCTURE OF THE EFFECTS OF FLOODS ON NATURAL RESOURCE DEPENDENT COMMUNITIES
FROM MY POINT OF VIEW, FLOODS MAY BE AFFECTED TO POULTRY INDUSTRY IN THAILAND SUCH AS,Effect of flood on feed millindustry Effect of flood on sanitation and hygiene Effect of flood on food safety
EFFECT OF FLOOD ON FEED MILL INDUSTRY The potential that flood can lead to environmental dispersion of animal waste containing numerous biologic and chemical EFFECT OF FLOOD ON SANITATION AND hazards. It could be contaminate to feed Floodwater animals. HYGIENE may contain fecal material from mill sewage system can overflowingbe heavily contaminated with pesticides to highly hazards chemicals. Could be cross contamination between water supply system and sewagesystem in hatchery farms that water treatment system may go out of orderor malfunction due to flood impacts and sewer discharge may directly enter thewatercourse without purification.
EFFECT OF FLOOD ON FOOD SAFETY During the flood, electricitysupply may be cut off. Without electricity hatcheryfarm activities will be stop . Slaughter house or processed plantswithout electricity cold stores and refrigerators willstop functioning. The meat poultry in thesefacilities will start decaying after 4 hours. If flood continue long time, it will
BENEFIT FROM ACHIEVING FOOD SAFETYSTANDARDS CERTIFICATION IN THAILAND
Food safety standards certification benefits may be measuredas “external” and “internal” benefits. External benefits are realized externally from the system such as an increase in market share or gaining customer recognition. Internal benefit is a benefit experienced within system such as increased employee moral or reduction in nonconforming product.
BENEFIT FROM ACHIEVING FOOD SAFETY STANDARDSBenefits to Benefits to Benefits to Food Consumers Governments Industry
CONSTRAINTS IN THE IMPLEMENTATION FOOD SAFETY STANDARDS IN CASE OF SMES FOOD INDUSTRIES THAILAND Cost Knowledge Readiness Labor Production of Technology Old machinery in production process Legislation and Enforcement
REALITY IS THAT SMALLHOLDERSMIGHT DISAPPEAR Even if they have market access… they may be unable to meet High transaction costs for certain market outlets Costs of compliance to meet standards: Import requirements...disease status, traceability, animal welfare, GAP, SPS, compulsory inspection Product requirement.....quality cuts, hygiene standards, packaging, labelling, traceability Changing marketing channels concentration in export, processing, and retailing changes in vertical coordination of supply chains (for example, thought Thailand switched from contract farming to full vertical integration because of disease threat (AI)- not happening as expected)
RECOMMENDATIONS Food safety could be strengthened by strengthening the links along the food chain and building in demands by the next person in the chain Thailand depute a separate organization that is responsible, for food safety standards implementation for the whole country with a clear objective, strategy and plan Especially in case of poultry industries, government should focus in Horizontal issues such as animal feeding, guide to good farming practices, role of the Veterinary Services in food safety, anti-microbial resistance, animal identification and traceability, meat inspection, certification, model certificates and also included biotechnology.
RECOMMENDATIONS Government policy should aim at providing knowledge, training, consultation and financial support while ensuring that there are sufficient resources for auditing these factories. Thailand needs a national policy to facilitate the development of the food safety system through the entire food chain to eliminate the conflicts and the overlapping work responsibilities among governmental units.
REFERENCES DLD - Department of Livestock Development ,HPAI Control Measure Undertaken in Thailand since 2004, 2006a, Available at www.dld.go.th Food and Agriculture Organization / World Health Organization (FAO/WHO), “Improving Efficiency and Transparency in Food Safety Systems—Sharing Experiences”. Proceedings of the FAO/WHO Global Forum of Food Safety Regulators, held in Marrakesh, Morocco, 28-30 January 2002. Rome: FAO/WHO. Frederick A. et al,Impact of Floods on Livelihoods and Vulnerability of Natural Resource Dependent Communities in Northern Ghana,Water, 2, 120-139, 2010. G. C. Mead, Food safety control in the poultry industry, Woodhead Publishing Limited, England, 2005. …..ETC…….
DEFINITIONSCompetent authorityThe official authority charged by the government with the control of meat hygiene, including setting and enforcingregulatory meat hygiene requirements.Ante-mortem inspectionAny procedure or test conducted by a competent person onlive animals for the purpose of judgement of safety andsuitability and disposition
ContaminantAny biological or chemical agent, foreign matter, orother substance not intentionally added to food thatmay compromise food safety or suitability.Good Hygienic PracticeAll practices regarding the conditions and measuresnecessary to ensure the safety and suitability of foodat all stages of the food chain