Building the India Sahana Cluster


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Presentation delivered by Ajay Kumar, on 13th January 2010 at the 5 Day Training program entitled "Training Volunteers in Disaster Response" by The Jamsetji Tata Centre for Disaster Management of the Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Mumbai India.

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Building the India Sahana Cluster

  1. 1. Sahana Free & Open Source Disaster Management System Building the India Sahana Cluster Ajay Kumar Developer Sahana Software Foundation “ No innovation matters more than that which saves lives” Avelino J. Cruz, Jr., Secretary of National Defense, Philippines on the use of Sahana deployed in the aftermath of disastrous mudslides in the Philippines
  2. 2. What is Humanitarian FOSS ? <ul><li>“… the ‘application’ of ‘Free and Open Source Software’ to support Humanity” </li></ul><ul><li>“… to help thy neighbour” </li></ul><ul><li>making the software available as an irrevocable “global public good” to anyone who wishes to use it. </li></ul><ul><li>simply the application of Free and Open Source Software to be of support in the Humanitarian Response. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Benefits of HFOSS <ul><li>No Discrimination on Access  “free” as in “freedom” </li></ul><ul><li>Transparent and Trustworthy  “open” </li></ul><ul><li>Low Cost and Local Capacity  “free”  you don’t pay for the software </li></ul><ul><li>Global Reuse and Shared Inter-Org Development  “Open” source development model </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Sahana Project <ul><li>A web based collaboration tool </li></ul><ul><li>addresses the common coordination problems during a disaster </li></ul><ul><ul><li>finding missing people </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>managing aid </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>managing volunteers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>tracking camps effectively </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Used By </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Government groups </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the civil society (NGOs) ‏ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the victims themselves. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. The Historic Trigger: 12/26/04 Indian Ocean Tsunami <ul><li>At least 226,000 dead </li></ul><ul><li>Up to 5 million people lost homes, or access to food and water </li></ul><ul><li>1 million people left without a means to make a living </li></ul><ul><li>At least $7.5 billion in the cost of damages </li></ul>
  6. 6. Problem: Aftermath of Disasters <ul><li>The trauma caused by waiting to be found or find the next of kin </li></ul><ul><li>Coordinating all aid groups and helping them to operate effectively as one </li></ul><ul><li>Managing the multitude of requests from the affected region and matching them effectively to the pledges of assistance </li></ul><ul><li>Tracking the location of all temporary shelters, camps, etc. </li></ul>
  7. 7. How Can Technology Help? <ul><li>Scalable management of information </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No stacks of forms and files to manage </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Efficient distribution of information </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Accessibility of information on demand </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Automatic collation and calculation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No delay for assessments and calculations </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Live situational awareness </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reports are updated live as data is entered </li></ul></ul>
  8. 9. Sahana Core Modules <ul><li>Organization Registry </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Maintains data (contact, services, etc) of groups, organizations and volunteers responding to the disaster </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Missing Persons / Disaster Victim Registry </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Helps track and find missing, deceased, injured and displaced people and families </li></ul></ul>
  9. 10. Sahana Core Modules <ul><li>Request Management </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tracks all requests and helps match pledges for support, aid and supplies to fulfilment </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Shelter Registry </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tracks data on all temporary shelters setup following the Disaster </li></ul></ul>
  10. 11. Deployment Scenario
  11. 12. Sahana Technology and Features <ul><li>FOSS </li></ul><ul><li>Synchronization </li></ul><ul><li>Web Services </li></ul><ul><li>Messaging </li></ul><ul><li>Localization </li></ul><ul><li>GIS & Open Standards: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>KML, WMS, GeoRSS, WFS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>EDXL, CAP </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mobile Accessibility </li></ul><ul><li>LiveCD, LiveUSB </li></ul><ul><li>Portable App </li></ul><ul><li>VM </li></ul>
  12. 13. Sahana Deployments <ul><li>Asian Tsunami in Sri Lanka – 2005 </li></ul><ul><li>Kashmir Earthquake in Pakistan – 2005 </li></ul><ul><li>Landslide disaster in Philippines – 2005 </li></ul><ul><li>Yogjakarta Earthquake, Indonesia – 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>Cyclone Sidr in Bangladesh – 2007 </li></ul><ul><li>Coastal Storm Plan in New York City – 2007 </li></ul><ul><li>Ica Earthquake, Peru – 2007 </li></ul><ul><li>Sarvodaya (NGO), Sri Lanka - 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>Bihar Floods, India - 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>Chendu-Sitzuan Province Earthquake, China – 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>National Disaster Management Center & Ministry of Resettlement & Disaster Relief Services, Sri Lanka – 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Bethesda Hospitals Emergency Preparedness Partnership, Maryland - 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>National Disaster Coordinating Council in Philippines – 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>National Coordinating Agency for Disaster Management (BNPB) in Indonesia - 2009 </li></ul>
  13. 14. Sahana use in Pakistan
  14. 15. Shelter Management for NYC Office of Emergency Management (OEM)
  15. 16. NYC Sahana Intake Based on Official Paper Forms
  16. 17. NYC OEM Situational Awareness
  17. 18. Recognition <ul><li>UNESCAP Technical Paper: A Case Study of the Sahana Disaster Management System of Sri Lanka – 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Sourceforge Community Choice Awards Best Project for Government Finalist – 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Communications of the ACM: Revitalizing Computing Education Through Free and Open Source Software for Humanity - 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Disaster Resource Guide Quarterly: New Open Source Software Could Greatly Improve Federal and State Disaster Relief Operations - 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>Asia-Pacific Development Information Programme ePrimer: ICT for Disaster Management – 2007 </li></ul><ul><li>UNDP IOSN Case Study on Sahana – 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>Free Software Foundation Award for Social Benefit – 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>SHG Good Samaritan Award – 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>BBC Documentary, The Codebreakers – 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>Sourceforge Project of the Month – June 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>User Award from Redhat Summit – 2005 </li></ul><ul><li>ICTA Awards to contributors - 2005 </li></ul>
  18. 19. $400 Netbook as Server
  19. 28. OpenLayers Integration with Local Open Street Maps Server & InSTEDD’s GeoChat
  20. 29. Remote Data Collection on OLPC
  21. 30. OpenLayers Integration with Local Google Earth Fusion Server
  22. 31. OpenLayers Integration with (Poorly) Mosaiced and Referenced UAV Imagery of the Experimentation Site
  23. 33. Situational Awareness within Sahana
  24. 34. Sahana India Cluster <ul><li>Join Here: </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>As a FOSS project everyone is welcome to contribute :-) ‏ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Domain Expertise </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Quality Assurance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Trained Users </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Advocacy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Deployments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Moral Support </li></ul></ul>
  25. 35. Sahana India Cluster <ul><li>Vision: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Act as a common working group with special interest in Sahana deployment & development for India. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Practitioners – share your experience/requirements </li></ul><ul><li>Academicians </li></ul><ul><li>Students/IT Professionals with interest in application of IT in DM or Humanitarian ICT </li></ul><ul><li>Humanitarian agencies/NGOs etc. </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  26. 36. Sahana India Cluster <ul><li>Practitioners & NGOs share requirements of Information management systems </li></ul><ul><li>Information about existing technologies they use. </li></ul><ul><li>Building requirements and knowledgebase based on incidents in India </li></ul><ul><li>Special interest groups with active student developers & academicians </li></ul><ul><li>General advocacy & adoption of Sahana on a wider scale in India. </li></ul>
  27. 37. Indic Localisation <ul><li>Sahana localised into: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hindi </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tamil </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bengali </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Possibility to translate </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Other Indian languages </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Instructions available </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul>
  28. 38. Resources Available <ul><li>Project Site: </li></ul><ul><li>Documentation Portal: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Deployment Case Studies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Research Materials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>User Guides </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Training Materials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ongoing Development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Requirements/Terms of References </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Localisation Portal: </li></ul>
  29. 39. Resources Available <ul><li>Communication: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mailing List/Groups </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>User Mailing list </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Developer Mailing List </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Humanitarian-ICT Yahoo Group </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Info/Links available: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Online Chat/IRC </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>#sahana on </li></ul></ul></ul>
  30. 40. THANK YOU <ul><li>Ajay Kumar </li></ul><ul><li>Developer & Community Outreach </li></ul><ul><li>Coordinator India Sahana Cluster </li></ul><ul><li>Sahana Software Foundation </li></ul><ul><li>Email: </li></ul><ul><li>W: </li></ul><ul><li>Twitter/IRC: ajuonline </li></ul>