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OpenStreetMap as a Successful Model for User-Generated Geospatial Content
 

OpenStreetMap as a Successful Model for User-Generated Geospatial Content

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OpenStreetMap is a growing, and successful project that utilizes a loose collaboration of global participants to build a geospatial database. ...

OpenStreetMap is a growing, and successful project that utilizes a loose collaboration of global participants to build a geospatial database.

This presentation discusses the merits of the project that have enabled it to begin, grow, and achieve various levels of success. These traits can then be evaluated and applied to other crowd-source, or democratic and open projects.

Presented at the Association of American Geographers annual conference, Las Vegas, Nevada - March, 2009

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    OpenStreetMap as a Successful Model for User-Generated Geospatial Content OpenStreetMap as a Successful Model for User-Generated Geospatial Content Presentation Transcript

    • OpenStreetMap as a Successful Model for User-Generated Geospatial Content Andrew Turner - @ajturner andrew@fortiusone.com
    • OpenStreetMap as a Successful Model for User-Generated Geospatial Content We’re going to cover each of these aspects: What is OpenStreetMap?
    • OpenStreetMap as a Successful Model for User-Generated Geospatial Content How are we measuring “success”?
    • OpenStreetMap as a Successful Model for User-Generated Geospatial Content Who is the user? This is not meant (yet) for digging water mains, boundary disputes.
    • Text What is OpenStreetMap? It’s Wikipedia to Encyclopedia Britannica It’s Linux to Windows It’s about claiming our own world and space
    • Why did it start? What was the need? Kernel of a problem - the Ordnance Survey; Changing Conditions; Underserved regions
    • Geographically Successful Let’s define successful Done: Netherlands, ~Germany, Paris, Mumbai, Tokyo, UK (this year?)
    • Organizationally Successful Exponential growth - just crossed 100,000 registered users.
    • What is OSM at it’s Core? people spending their free time, and often lots of money and frustration capturing data that is already captured, and very tedious. Would anyone have predicted that “surveying” is sexy?
    • Typical Process So let’s outline the actual process of the project before we can understand the benefit of the various aspects that make the project successful in achieving it’s goals
    • Individual Mapping Surveying: GPS, Photos, Notes
    • Individual Mapping Desktop and online tools for annotating tracks, editing existing roads
    • Imagery Tracing Yahoo! licensed aerial imagery. Tools for tracing
    • Open Data imports Netherlands Existing open data and Organizations or Governments oering their data to the project
    • http://www.flickr.com/photos/peterito/3054501076 Result: Year of Edits http://www.vimeo.com/2598878 This is 2008 alone.
    • How does it work? So how is this possible? How are 100k people, across the globe, able to cover every street, sign, road type in a few short years?
    • Characteristics Opportunity Goal Leadership Open-* Community Passion Sustainable
    • google Characteristics mapquest Opportunity Goal Leadership Open-* Community Passion microsoft Sustainable Raster Tiles and Geodata coverage
    • Characteristics Opportunity Goal Leadership Open-* Community Passion Sustainable Set a grand goal - something only barely imaginable, though make iterative steps realizable. Always shooting for the stars.
    • Characteristics Opportunity Goal Leadership http://www.flickr.com/photos/ajturner/2562402181 Open-* Community Passion Sustainable A project needs a face - someone to attribute the soul of the project as well as for media to refer to and put a name to.
    • Characteristics Opportunity Goal Leadership Open-* Community Passion Sustainable Don’t hide anything. Freely share until it hurts. Don’t allow any idea of hoarding or protectionism to come into play.
    • Characteristics Opportunity Goal Leadership Open-* Community Passion Sustainable Build the community - give them an identity & voice
    • Outrearch Mapping parties reach out to locals in their spare time - to both learn the process and meet other local interested people.
    • Personal Need Betwala Chawl, Mumbai Individuals also see a personal goal - exploring a city
    • Levels of Engagement http://www.flickr.com/photos/pixelfrenzy/386789546 Every person has a dierent level of eort they are interested in engaging. Time, interest, ability.
    • Casual
    • Moderate
    • Advanced http://www.flickr.com/photos/fsc7/2982601362
    • Encouragement “Lolcat of awesomeness” Award Reward people. They like to be acknowledged for jobs well done - and also like seeing others similarly rewarded and wowed. Reminds them why they are part of a not only a bigger, but better whole
    • Open-Discussion tags, techniques
    • Governance not just OSMF - removing data. continuing to be a part of the entire process
    • Short Feedback loop Contributors should see the eect of their work very quickly. Failure of traditional “Feedback” systems. Again, the person wants to “See themselves” in the process and on the map. Will show friends/family.
    • Support Part of the parties again - discussion, IRC, mailing lists, lessons learned, grow.
    • Characteristics Opportunity Goal Leadership http://www.flickr.com/photos/nik_doof/2683164848/ Open-* Community Passion Sustainable The existential part of any project - people who are so passionate they will go above and beyond and create memorable experiences for others and drive the project.
    • Characteristics Opportunity Goal Leadership Open-* Community Passion Sustainable Make the project long-term sustainable. Make sure it can last beyond a dificulties, failures, a single leader or goal.
    • What is the future? What is the sustainability model?
    • Integrated into Organizations Flickr, UN as two examples of organizations that verify the value, drive future uses and needs and are someone with credibility.
    • Business Opportunities Cloudmade, GeoCommons, ITOWorld. Companies will invest time, eort, resources to ensure the project continues to grow. Their livelihood is tied to its success and respect.
    • Industry Leadership Apply experience, leadership, and lessons learned to other communities.
    • Technology Push the technology barrier, stay on the forefront to maintain applicability and interest. 3D globe, cartography tools (Andy Allan), tracing
    • End Andrew Turner - @ajturner andrew@fortiusone.com Thank you.