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Preserving the Old
with the ‘Neo’
Andrew Turner
FortiusOne - GeoCommons

andrew@fortiusone.com
http://highearthorbit.com
People live and interact with Place




flickr: qwertyuiop
Geography is a
Common Pivot Point
“Americus”
                       The role of maps
             Maps Reflect & Define Reality
What is Neogeography?
StoryMapping
Emphemeral Maps   http://maps.google.com
Meaning
Navigation
Compass
1492 - Columbus sails
   the ocean blue
Cartographic Renaissance
So geographers, in Afric maps,
With savage pictures fill their gaps,
And o’er unhabitable downs
Place elephants for want of...
Ortelius Atlas
Exploration
Travel Guides
Driving Guides
GIS
Internet Maps
Locative Media
urban renewal
    participatory web



  2005 - Google slips the
          map
                        mobile computing
GP...
HousingMaps   http://housingmaps.com
Slippy Maps
       &
Virtual Globes
Ubiquitous,
    Inexpensive
Locative Devices
neogeography                 ŏ

geographical techniques and tools used
for personal activities or for utilization by
a non...
It’s about the user
Is this the user?
This is a user
             http://flickr.com/photos/ayula/55908651/
He should be a user
             http://flickr.com/photos/thomashawk/35413354/
She’s your next user
• Discover
              • Remember
User-Driven
              • Connect

              • Share

              • Imagine

 ...
• Citizen
                • Historian
User-Personas
                • Grandparent

                • Student

            ...
Archival Case Study:   http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/
UK Domesday Project     BBC_Domesday_Project
EverySquareMile
Explore   EverySquareMile
User Interface   EverySquareMile
Historical Context   EverySquareMile
Building Blocks
Data
GeoData Catalogs
Open GeoData   http://geocommons.com
Open Government GeoData
Open Government GeoData
Open International GeoData
<georss:point>
    +      45.256 -71.92
        </georss:point>




Open Linkable GeoData
Open Semantic Data?
Dynamic Feeds
GeoNames   http://geonames.org
GeoNames   http://geonames.org
Media
Google StreetView           EveryScape



                    Media
Local Videos
Deep Tagged Videos
GeoTagged Media   http://soundseeker.org
Geotagging Media
GPS Units




• My Recommendation:
     Garmin eTrex Legend HCx
GPS Babel




            http://www.gpsbabel.org
Camera
• Captures Image
 • and TimeStamp
• How to Geotag photographs?
GPicSync




 http://code.google.com/p/gpicsync/
HoudahGeo




      http://www.houdah.com
HoudahGeo - Photos
HoudahGeo - Tracks
HoudahGeo - KML
HoudahGeo - KML
HoudahGeo - Flickr
http://www.flickr.com
Flickr Geotag
Flickr Search: Pottery in Kenya
Flickr Search: Culture in Kenya
Flickr Export
Google Picasa + Panoramio
Google MyMaps
Flickr Photos
Implicit GeoData   http://geocodr.net
Library of Congress   http://www.flickr.com/photos/
                      library_of_congress/
Flickr Commons   http://www.flickr.com/commons
Crowd-Sourced
Filtering
OpenStreetMap   http://openstreetmap.org
Mapping Data is not
       Free
Full of Mistakes
Poor Coverage
Changing World
What is
OpenStreetMap?


   =       +
OpenStreetMap   http://openstreetmap.org
Wiki for the World
How it works
Using the Data
• Licensed - Creative Commons
  Attribution-ShareAlike 2.0

• RESTful API
   url = node?node=2000
   <?xml ...
Making Maps




OSMarender       Mapnik
OpenCycleMap   http://opencyclemap.org
GPSies   http://gpsies.com/
OpenCycleMap   http://opencyclemap.org
Shenzen Maps
StumbleSafely   http://www.outsideindc.com/stumblesafely
Flickr OSM   http://www.flickr.com/map?
             &fLat=39.9227&fLon=116.4694&zl=6
• Set of Tools
OpenStreetMap is...   • Open, Linked Database

                      • Community

                      • P...
OpenAerialMap   http://openaerialmap.org
BurningManEarth   http://earth.burningman.org
MapWarper   http://warper.geothings.net
NYPL   http://digitalgallery.nypl.org/nypldigital
Upload a Scanned Map
Ground Control Points
Warped Image
Exportable
Oakland Historic Maps   http://www.teczno.com/old-oakland/
Maps for Farmers   http://serveyourcountryfood.com
Data Formats
!



Standards Organizations   http://opengeospatial.org
Standards Organizations   http://fgdc.gov
Standards Organizations   http://www.w3.org/
Standards Organizations   http://iso.org
Standards Organizations   http://openwebfoundation.org
Semantic Web
GeoWeb
A RESTful Web
• /places
• /places/89
• /places/89.atom
• /places/89.kml


              Resources
Web Aligned   http://highearthorbit.com/a-proposal-georss-kml
Formats

HTML : RSS :: KML : GeoRSS
     Visualization : Syndication
OpenSearch-Geo
http://search.org?q={searchTerm}
        &lat={geo:lat}&lon={geo:lon}
OpenSearch-Geo
                              http://maps.google.com/maps?near=43.3+-0.03
                                 ...
Create
             Exif   GeoRSS      KML        GPX    Geocoding
GeoStack

                             Publish
        ...
The power and potential of de-facto standards.
GoogleEarth
Google Layers
KML
http://code.google.com/apis/kml/
documentation/kmlreference.html
OGC KML 2.2   http://www.opengeospatial.org/standards/kml/
<georss:point>
  +      45.256 -71.92
      </georss:point>




GeoRSS          http://georss.org
Spatialite
CSV - Comma Separated Value

   "name","holepar","holeyardage","holenumber","latitude","longitude"
   "Simple placemark","...
GeoPDF
Mobile
Mobline Placemarking
cab4me




   Android Innovations
VoteReport   http://twittervotereport.com
Crowd-Curation
...and iterate.
Create a participatory
          democracy.
InaugurationReport   http://inaugurationreport.com
Lessons Learned
http://www.flickr.com/photos/gregorio/40268917



Hurricanes Katrina
         and Rita
Damage Awareness   Hurricane Katrina
Crisis Reporting
Hurricane Katrina
Save our Schools
School Facilities Master
Plan for Orleans Parish
Regional-Modernism
School Facilities
   Master Plan
Geolocated Plans   Save our Schools
Historic Photographs   Save our Schools
Taylor’s 1924 Map
Taylor’s Map - Rectified
Scientifically Minded
Huey P. Long Ave
Taylor’s 1924 Map of
         New Orleans
maps.thinknola.com   Save our Schools
Disparate Data Centers




                         http://www.flickr.com/photos/vermininc
Unique Data Formats




                      http://www.flickr.com/photos/ajturner/3736209089
Difficult to Use Tools




                        http://www.flickr.com/photos/bitterlysweet/33358201
Lacking in Interfaces




                        http://www.flickr.com/photos/mstorz/455544132
Missing Metadata




                   http://www.flickr.com/photos/jweise/2851083791
Not Scalable




               http://www.flickr.com/photos/kisocci/3675950734
Static
Tightly Controlled &




                       http://www.flickr.com/photos/stuckincustoms/201034654
Share your Data   http://finder.geocommons.com
Build on Data   http://maker.geocommons.com
Encourage People to Share Data
Geospatially Enable
Geographic Context Example Elements
address      event          point         station
(physical)   facility       port    ...
GeoReferencing: Geocoding
GeoReferencing: Spatial Join
GeoReferencing Process
Data
Attribute
Coercion
Geographic
Attribute
Identification
Geospatial
Attribute
Identification
Geospatial
Taxonomy
Identification
Verification
How to encourage providing metadata?
Wiki Sharing of Data   http://www.hurricanewiki.org/wiki/
                       Hurricane_Ike_GIS_Resources
Traditional Dialog Boxes
Simple Forms
Explorable
Data Sharing
Data Attributes
Data Description with Metadata Standards




                                   • FGDC
                                   ...
What about searching through metadata?
Complicated Interfaces
Folksonomy and Search
Make Sharing the Default
Data Sharing with Common, Open Standards

                                    • KML
                                    • ...
Dynamic Data
Datasets as Databases

 Upload     KML
            Shapefile                 Visualize
            CSV (Excel)
           ...
Spread the Data
Geospatial Federated
     Search Search
Geospatial Catalog and Server
Geospatial Federated
     Search Search
Encourage People to Explore
Data Sharing via Map Making
Data Sharing via Map Making
Data Sharing via Map Making
Data Sharing via Map Making
Data Sharing via Map Making
Data Sharing via Map Making
Data Sharing via Map Making
Data Sharing via Map Making
Data Sharing via Map Making
Data Sharing via Map Making
Visualization
Combine Multiple Datasets
Analysis
Temporal Displays
Daytime Crime
Nighttime Crime
Customized, Offline Rendering
Cloud Architecture



                    create
                  instance
                                        Cache
...
Multiple Output
KML   Spatialite   Atom
Web Maps
KML Export
KML + 3D   AreYouSafeDC
GeoPDF
Wind Energy vs. Gas Price




                       GeoPDF
Maps as Social Objects
Maps as Social, Archivable Objects
Asante Sana
                               GeoWeb
e: andrew@highearthorbit.com
b: highearthorbit.com
t: twitter.com/ajturn...
Library of Congress - Neogeography and Geospatial data preservation
Library of Congress - Neogeography and Geospatial data preservation
Library of Congress - Neogeography and Geospatial data preservation
Library of Congress - Neogeography and Geospatial data preservation
Library of Congress - Neogeography and Geospatial data preservation
Library of Congress - Neogeography and Geospatial data preservation
Library of Congress - Neogeography and Geospatial data preservation
Library of Congress - Neogeography and Geospatial data preservation
Library of Congress - Neogeography and Geospatial data preservation
Library of Congress - Neogeography and Geospatial data preservation
Library of Congress - Neogeography and Geospatial data preservation
Library of Congress - Neogeography and Geospatial data preservation
Library of Congress - Neogeography and Geospatial data preservation
Library of Congress - Neogeography and Geospatial data preservation
Library of Congress - Neogeography and Geospatial data preservation
Library of Congress - Neogeography and Geospatial data preservation
Library of Congress - Neogeography and Geospatial data preservation
Library of Congress - Neogeography and Geospatial data preservation
Library of Congress - Neogeography and Geospatial data preservation
Library of Congress - Neogeography and Geospatial data preservation
Library of Congress - Neogeography and Geospatial data preservation
Library of Congress - Neogeography and Geospatial data preservation
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Library of Congress - Neogeography and Geospatial data preservation

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  • Excellente présentation des possibilités de la géolocalisation. Détaillé et complet: 243 diapositives.
    Nombreux exemples de projets et d'applications.
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Transcript of "Library of Congress - Neogeography and Geospatial data preservation"

  1. 1. Preserving the Old with the ‘Neo’ Andrew Turner FortiusOne - GeoCommons andrew@fortiusone.com http://highearthorbit.com
  2. 2. People live and interact with Place flickr: qwertyuiop
  3. 3. Geography is a Common Pivot Point
  4. 4. “Americus” The role of maps Maps Reflect & Define Reality
  5. 5. What is Neogeography?
  6. 6. StoryMapping
  7. 7. Emphemeral Maps http://maps.google.com
  8. 8. Meaning
  9. 9. Navigation
  10. 10. Compass
  11. 11. 1492 - Columbus sails the ocean blue
  12. 12. Cartographic Renaissance
  13. 13. So geographers, in Afric maps, With savage pictures fill their gaps, And o’er unhabitable downs Place elephants for want of towns. - Jonathan Swift
  14. 14. Ortelius Atlas
  15. 15. Exploration
  16. 16. Travel Guides
  17. 17. Driving Guides
  18. 18. GIS
  19. 19. Internet Maps
  20. 20. Locative Media
  21. 21. urban renewal participatory web 2005 - Google slips the map mobile computing GPS becomes ubiquitous
  22. 22. HousingMaps http://housingmaps.com
  23. 23. Slippy Maps & Virtual Globes
  24. 24. Ubiquitous, Inexpensive Locative Devices
  25. 25. neogeography ŏ geographical techniques and tools used for personal activities or for utilization by a non-expert group of users; not formal or analytical.
  26. 26. It’s about the user
  27. 27. Is this the user?
  28. 28. This is a user http://flickr.com/photos/ayula/55908651/
  29. 29. He should be a user http://flickr.com/photos/thomashawk/35413354/
  30. 30. She’s your next user
  31. 31. • Discover • Remember User-Driven • Connect • Share • Imagine • Enable
  32. 32. • Citizen • Historian User-Personas • Grandparent • Student • Planner • Representative
  33. 33. Archival Case Study: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ UK Domesday Project BBC_Domesday_Project
  34. 34. EverySquareMile
  35. 35. Explore EverySquareMile
  36. 36. User Interface EverySquareMile
  37. 37. Historical Context EverySquareMile
  38. 38. Building Blocks
  39. 39. Data
  40. 40. GeoData Catalogs
  41. 41. Open GeoData http://geocommons.com
  42. 42. Open Government GeoData
  43. 43. Open Government GeoData
  44. 44. Open International GeoData
  45. 45. <georss:point> + 45.256 -71.92 </georss:point> Open Linkable GeoData
  46. 46. Open Semantic Data?
  47. 47. Dynamic Feeds
  48. 48. GeoNames http://geonames.org
  49. 49. GeoNames http://geonames.org
  50. 50. Media
  51. 51. Google StreetView EveryScape Media
  52. 52. Local Videos
  53. 53. Deep Tagged Videos
  54. 54. GeoTagged Media http://soundseeker.org
  55. 55. Geotagging Media
  56. 56. GPS Units • My Recommendation: Garmin eTrex Legend HCx
  57. 57. GPS Babel http://www.gpsbabel.org
  58. 58. Camera • Captures Image • and TimeStamp • How to Geotag photographs?
  59. 59. GPicSync http://code.google.com/p/gpicsync/
  60. 60. HoudahGeo http://www.houdah.com
  61. 61. HoudahGeo - Photos
  62. 62. HoudahGeo - Tracks
  63. 63. HoudahGeo - KML
  64. 64. HoudahGeo - KML
  65. 65. HoudahGeo - Flickr
  66. 66. http://www.flickr.com
  67. 67. Flickr Geotag
  68. 68. Flickr Search: Pottery in Kenya
  69. 69. Flickr Search: Culture in Kenya
  70. 70. Flickr Export
  71. 71. Google Picasa + Panoramio
  72. 72. Google MyMaps
  73. 73. Flickr Photos
  74. 74. Implicit GeoData http://geocodr.net
  75. 75. Library of Congress http://www.flickr.com/photos/ library_of_congress/
  76. 76. Flickr Commons http://www.flickr.com/commons
  77. 77. Crowd-Sourced Filtering
  78. 78. OpenStreetMap http://openstreetmap.org
  79. 79. Mapping Data is not Free
  80. 80. Full of Mistakes
  81. 81. Poor Coverage
  82. 82. Changing World
  83. 83. What is OpenStreetMap? = +
  84. 84. OpenStreetMap http://openstreetmap.org
  85. 85. Wiki for the World
  86. 86. How it works
  87. 87. Using the Data • Licensed - Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 2.0 • RESTful API url = node?node=2000 <?xml version="1.0"?> <osm version="0.3" generator="OpenStreetMap server"> <node lon='-0.148588713362387' id='40' lat='51.5278975364617'> <tag k="hum" v="cheese"/> </node> </osm>
  88. 88. Making Maps OSMarender Mapnik
  89. 89. OpenCycleMap http://opencyclemap.org
  90. 90. GPSies http://gpsies.com/
  91. 91. OpenCycleMap http://opencyclemap.org
  92. 92. Shenzen Maps
  93. 93. StumbleSafely http://www.outsideindc.com/stumblesafely
  94. 94. Flickr OSM http://www.flickr.com/map? &fLat=39.9227&fLon=116.4694&zl=6
  95. 95. • Set of Tools OpenStreetMap is... • Open, Linked Database • Community • Principles • Proven Use Case
  96. 96. OpenAerialMap http://openaerialmap.org
  97. 97. BurningManEarth http://earth.burningman.org
  98. 98. MapWarper http://warper.geothings.net
  99. 99. NYPL http://digitalgallery.nypl.org/nypldigital
  100. 100. Upload a Scanned Map
  101. 101. Ground Control Points
  102. 102. Warped Image
  103. 103. Exportable
  104. 104. Oakland Historic Maps http://www.teczno.com/old-oakland/
  105. 105. Maps for Farmers http://serveyourcountryfood.com
  106. 106. Data Formats
  107. 107. ! Standards Organizations http://opengeospatial.org
  108. 108. Standards Organizations http://fgdc.gov
  109. 109. Standards Organizations http://www.w3.org/
  110. 110. Standards Organizations http://iso.org
  111. 111. Standards Organizations http://openwebfoundation.org
  112. 112. Semantic Web
  113. 113. GeoWeb
  114. 114. A RESTful Web
  115. 115. • /places • /places/89 • /places/89.atom • /places/89.kml Resources
  116. 116. Web Aligned http://highearthorbit.com/a-proposal-georss-kml
  117. 117. Formats HTML : RSS :: KML : GeoRSS Visualization : Syndication
  118. 118. OpenSearch-Geo http://search.org?q={searchTerm} &lat={geo:lat}&lon={geo:lon}
  119. 119. OpenSearch-Geo http://maps.google.com/maps?near=43.3+-0.03 http://local.yahoo.com/?csz=43.3,-0.03 http://upcoming.org/search?lat=43.3&lon=-0.03 http://api.flickr.com/services/photos_public.gne?bbox=-0.03,43.3, -0.04,43.4 http://mapufacture.com/search?lat=43.3&lon=-0.03 lat={geo:lat}&lon={geo:lon}&radius={geo:radius} bbox={geo:box} where={geo:locationString} area={geo:polygon}
  120. 120. Create Exif GeoRSS KML GPX Geocoding GeoStack Publish GeoRSS KML Microformats MachineTags Aggregate GML KML GeoRSS WFS GeoJSON Consume
  121. 121. The power and potential of de-facto standards.
  122. 122. GoogleEarth
  123. 123. Google Layers
  124. 124. KML http://code.google.com/apis/kml/ documentation/kmlreference.html
  125. 125. OGC KML 2.2 http://www.opengeospatial.org/standards/kml/
  126. 126. <georss:point> + 45.256 -71.92 </georss:point> GeoRSS http://georss.org
  127. 127. Spatialite
  128. 128. CSV - Comma Separated Value "name","holepar","holeyardage","holenumber","latitude","longitude" "Simple placemark","4.0","234.0","1.0","-121.082203542568","37.4222899014025" "Simple placemark 2","3.0","100.0","2.0","-121.082203542568","37.4222899014025" "name","holepar","holeyardage","holenumber","address" "Simple placemark","4.0","234.0","1.0","1517 N. Main St., Royal Oak, MI" "Simple placemark 2","3.0","100.0","2.0","2200 Wilson Blvd., Arlington, VA"
  129. 129. GeoPDF
  130. 130. Mobile
  131. 131. Mobline Placemarking
  132. 132. cab4me Android Innovations
  133. 133. VoteReport http://twittervotereport.com
  134. 134. Crowd-Curation
  135. 135. ...and iterate.
  136. 136. Create a participatory democracy.
  137. 137. InaugurationReport http://inaugurationreport.com
  138. 138. Lessons Learned
  139. 139. http://www.flickr.com/photos/gregorio/40268917 Hurricanes Katrina and Rita
  140. 140. Damage Awareness Hurricane Katrina
  141. 141. Crisis Reporting Hurricane Katrina
  142. 142. Save our Schools
  143. 143. School Facilities Master Plan for Orleans Parish
  144. 144. Regional-Modernism
  145. 145. School Facilities Master Plan
  146. 146. Geolocated Plans Save our Schools
  147. 147. Historic Photographs Save our Schools
  148. 148. Taylor’s 1924 Map
  149. 149. Taylor’s Map - Rectified
  150. 150. Scientifically Minded
  151. 151. Huey P. Long Ave
  152. 152. Taylor’s 1924 Map of New Orleans
  153. 153. maps.thinknola.com Save our Schools
  154. 154. Disparate Data Centers http://www.flickr.com/photos/vermininc
  155. 155. Unique Data Formats http://www.flickr.com/photos/ajturner/3736209089
  156. 156. Difficult to Use Tools http://www.flickr.com/photos/bitterlysweet/33358201
  157. 157. Lacking in Interfaces http://www.flickr.com/photos/mstorz/455544132
  158. 158. Missing Metadata http://www.flickr.com/photos/jweise/2851083791
  159. 159. Not Scalable http://www.flickr.com/photos/kisocci/3675950734
  160. 160. Static Tightly Controlled & http://www.flickr.com/photos/stuckincustoms/201034654
  161. 161. Share your Data http://finder.geocommons.com
  162. 162. Build on Data http://maker.geocommons.com
  163. 163. Encourage People to Share Data
  164. 164. Geospatially Enable
  165. 165. Geographic Context Example Elements address event point station (physical) facility port street address geography position suburb (postal) house post terrain area household property territory bearing incident region topography bearings latitude reservation town city locale residence tract community locality river reach venue compass locate route vicinity country location scene village direction longitude site watershed distance neighborhood situation where district pinpoint space whereabouts domicile place spot ZIP code
  166. 166. GeoReferencing: Geocoding
  167. 167. GeoReferencing: Spatial Join
  168. 168. GeoReferencing Process
  169. 169. Data Attribute Coercion
  170. 170. Geographic Attribute Identification
  171. 171. Geospatial Attribute Identification
  172. 172. Geospatial Taxonomy Identification
  173. 173. Verification
  174. 174. How to encourage providing metadata?
  175. 175. Wiki Sharing of Data http://www.hurricanewiki.org/wiki/ Hurricane_Ike_GIS_Resources
  176. 176. Traditional Dialog Boxes
  177. 177. Simple Forms
  178. 178. Explorable
  179. 179. Data Sharing
  180. 180. Data Attributes
  181. 181. Data Description with Metadata Standards • FGDC • ISO 19115 • Microformats • Meta • Hyperlinks
  182. 182. What about searching through metadata?
  183. 183. Complicated Interfaces
  184. 184. Folksonomy and Search
  185. 185. Make Sharing the Default
  186. 186. Data Sharing with Common, Open Standards • KML • Shapefile • CSV • Atom • JSON • WFS • Spatialite
  187. 187. Dynamic Data
  188. 188. Datasets as Databases Upload KML Shapefile Visualize CSV (Excel) GeoRSS Documents Download Finder Maker Parse & Store Analyze Core
  189. 189. Spread the Data
  190. 190. Geospatial Federated Search Search
  191. 191. Geospatial Catalog and Server
  192. 192. Geospatial Federated Search Search
  193. 193. Encourage People to Explore
  194. 194. Data Sharing via Map Making
  195. 195. Data Sharing via Map Making
  196. 196. Data Sharing via Map Making
  197. 197. Data Sharing via Map Making
  198. 198. Data Sharing via Map Making
  199. 199. Data Sharing via Map Making
  200. 200. Data Sharing via Map Making
  201. 201. Data Sharing via Map Making
  202. 202. Data Sharing via Map Making
  203. 203. Data Sharing via Map Making
  204. 204. Visualization
  205. 205. Combine Multiple Datasets
  206. 206. Analysis
  207. 207. Temporal Displays
  208. 208. Daytime Crime
  209. 209. Nighttime Crime
  210. 210. Customized, Offline Rendering
  211. 211. Cloud Architecture create instance Cache S3 Downloads v1.4.3 Snapshot attach data Default Datasets Backup Backup Backup
  212. 212. Multiple Output
  213. 213. KML Spatialite Atom
  214. 214. Web Maps
  215. 215. KML Export
  216. 216. KML + 3D AreYouSafeDC
  217. 217. GeoPDF
  218. 218. Wind Energy vs. Gas Price GeoPDF
  219. 219. Maps as Social Objects
  220. 220. Maps as Social, Archivable Objects
  221. 221. Asante Sana GeoWeb e: andrew@highearthorbit.com b: highearthorbit.com t: twitter.com/ajturner
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