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Psychotherapy chapter 16_saltarelli

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  • 1. CHAPTER 16 PSYCHOTHERAPY Week 13 of 15
  • 2. Schedule for Today
    • Group Quiz
    • Chapter 16
    • Group presentation prep time
  • 3. Schedule for Rest of Semester
    • Tues. 4/13 Chapter 16 (Today)
    • Tues. 4/20 Presentations (1-3)
    • Tues. 4/27 Presentations (4, 5)
    • Exam Review
    • Fri. 5/7 Final Exam (Chapter 8-16)
    • 7:45 a.m. to 9:45 a.m.
    • (In normal room)
  • 4. Warm-up
    • In Presentation Groups: Chapter 16 Quiz
  • 5. Warm-up
    • What so you picture when you think of psychotherapy?
    • Who needs it?
    • Who benefits from it?
  • 6. The Elements of the Treatment Process
    • Types of Treatment
      • Insight
      • Behavior
      • Biomedical
    • Clients
    • Therapists
      • Psychologists
      • Psychiatrists
      • Other mental health professionals
  • 7.  
  • 8. Insight Therapies
    • “ involve verbal interactions intended to enhance clients’ self-knowledge and thus promote healthful changes in personality and behavior”.
      • Insight therapies include:
        • Psychoanalysis.
        • Client-centered therapy.
        • Cognitive therapy.
        • Group therapy.
  • 9. Insight Therapies
    • Psychoanalysis: emphasizes the recovery of unconscious conflicts , motives, and defenses through techniques
      • Probing the unconscious - free association and dream analysis
      • Interpretation - analysis
      • Transference - mimicking critical relationships in life
  • 10. Insight Therapies
    • Client-Centered Therapy : emphasizes providing a supportive emotional climate for clients , clients determine pace and content of therapy
      • Therapeutic climate—process is not as important as the emotional climate
        • Genuineness
        • Unconditional Positive Regard
        • Empathy
      • Therapeutic process—client and therapist are equals
      • “ Non-directive”
  • 11. Insight Therapies
    • Cognitive Therapy : treatment that emphasizes recognizing and changing negative thoughts and maladaptive beliefs
      • Goal: to change the way a client thinks
      • Techniques
        • Change cognitive distortions
        • More directive than client-centered
  • 12. Insight Therapies
    • Group Therapy
      • Generally 5-10 members
      • Advantages of the group experience
        • Realize that their problems are not unique
        • Provides an opportunity for participants to work on social skills in a safe environment
        • Some problems are well suited
    Launch Video
  • 13. Behavior Therapies
    • General Principles:
      • Behavior is a product of learning
      • What has been learned can be unlearned
      • Once target problem has been identified, specific goals are set and procedures are designed to address specific problem
  • 14. Procedures
    • Systematic Desensitization: reduce clients’ anxiety responses through counter-conditioning
      • Assumption that anxiety responses are acquired through classical conditioning
      • 1. Build Anxiety Hierarchy
      • 2. Deep muscle relaxation
      • 3. Client works through hierarchy, and is encouraged to confront real stimulus
  • 15.  
  • 16. Procedures
    • Aversion Therapy: behavior therapy in which an aversive stimulus is paired with a stimulus that elicits an undesirable response
      • Effective for drug abuse, sexual deviance, gambling, shoplifting, stuttering, smoking and overeating
      • E.g., nausea paired with favorite drink
  • 17. Procedures
    • Social Skills Training : designed to improve interpersonal skills that emphasizes shaping, modeling and behavioral rehearsal
      • Assumption: people acquire social skills through learning
      • Those people with no social skills need to be taught
      • Improves social skills
        • eye contact, active listening, and assertiveness
  • 18. Biomedical Therapies
    • Physiological interventions intended to reduce symptoms associated with psychological disorder
    • Treatment with Drugs (psychopharmacotherapy)
      • Antianxiety drugs
      • Antipsychotic drugs
      • Antidepressant drugs
      • Lithium
    • Diagnoses in children: http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/medicatedchild/
  • 19. For Next Week
    • Group Presentations – Groups 1, 2, 3