IFRS Conversion in a global environment


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How to manage IFRS conversions in a global environment

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  • IFRS Conversion in a global environment

    1. 1. Managing IFRS Conversion In A Global Environment Excerpts from a presentation at NJIT December 11, 2009 Andreas Rothe SVP and Global Controller Parsons Brinckerhoff
    2. 2. What to consider: Complexity in Global Organizations <ul><li>Multiple subsidiaries </li></ul><ul><li>Local statutory reporting requirements </li></ul><ul><li>Different Rollups (Statutory/Mgmt) </li></ul><ul><li>Subconsolidations </li></ul><ul><li>Different local Accounting Standards </li></ul><ul><ul><li>IFRS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Local IFRS Adjustments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>UK GAAP </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>US GAAP </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tax Reporting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Year Ends </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>… </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Global US GAAP reporting </li></ul><ul><li>(excerpt from Sample Org Structure) </li></ul>
    3. 3. What to consider: Many parties involved <ul><li>Auditors and Consultants </li></ul><ul><ul><li>‘ the next SOX’ ? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Tax </li></ul><ul><ul><li>LIFO (Last in first out) not allowed under IFRS </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Treasury </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hedge Instruments, Debt to Equity Ratios / Covenants </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Contracts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>E.g. Consolidation of Entities, Joint Ventures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Specific accounting treatments (e.g. Revenue Recognition EITFs) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Management </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Performance Metrics </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. Using IFRS conversion to streamline accounting processes and reduce costs <ul><li>Do you have many different </li></ul><ul><li>accounting policies ? </li></ul><ul><li>accounting processes ? </li></ul><ul><li>financial systems ? </li></ul><ul><li>Did you ever think of centralizing finance functions ? </li></ul><ul><li>What did you learn from the SOX Implementation ? </li></ul>
    5. 5. Implementing IFRS <ul><li>Centralize </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on Commonalities </li></ul><ul><li>Deal with Exceptions </li></ul><ul><li>Manage the Auditors </li></ul>
    6. 6. Centralize <ul><li>Local requirements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Most countries now follow IFRS or converge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Differences may not be material </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Subsidiaries may not be public entities outside the US, less stringent requirements </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Many differences to US GAAP may impact head office only </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Financial Instruments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Liability/Equity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stock Options </li></ul></ul><ul><li>… or could be managed centrally </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Accounting for M&A, Divestitures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Joint Venture Accounting </li></ul></ul>
    7. 7. Focus on Commonalities <ul><li>Modify US GAAP policies only if necessary </li></ul><ul><li>Usage of same accounting standards make it easier to use </li></ul><ul><ul><li>same chart of accounts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>same processes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>same systems </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Issue Global Accounting Manual </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ensure global uniformity of standards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide guidelines to staff, auditors etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Global processes and systems </li></ul><ul><li>Global consolidation system </li></ul>
    8. 8. Deal with Exceptions <ul><li>Major exceptions / changes to be dealt with at head office </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Less need for training on new standard </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Possible insight in alternative accounting treatment opportunities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More support from external auditors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Restrict number of exceptions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Most accounting differences with significant impact may only be relevant for head office </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Infrastructure for valuation services </li></ul></ul>
    9. 9. Deal with Exceptions – Cont. <ul><li>Evaluate current accounting policies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Major differences between IFRS and US-GAAP </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Current policies that do not reflect economic reality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Current policies that differ from those used by competitors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>One time chance to change – future changes may be more difficult </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Additional information necessary from field </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Disclosures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Evaluation of Accounting Treatments (Principle vs. Rule Based) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Professional Judgment Documentation </li></ul></ul>
    10. 10. Manage the Auditors <ul><li>Challenges of the Principles-based Approach in the US </li></ul><ul><li>Less detailed guidance to consider </li></ul><ul><ul><li>More of a focus on the “substance” of transactions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Evaluate whether the accounting presentation reflects the “economic reality” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>More use of professional judgment </li></ul><ul><li>Impact on risk </li></ul><ul><li>Possibility of second-guessing by regulators and auditors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>More of a focus on the “process” around making judgments </li></ul></ul>
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