I, juan de pareja

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Teaching four art movements: Baroque, chiaroscuro, realism, idealism as the relate to Diego de Velazquez, the court painter to Philip IV of Spain, one of the main characters in the autobiographical novel, I, Juan de Pareja, by Elizabeth Borton de Trevino

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  • Bartolome Murillo was the first Spanish painter to achieve renown throughout Europe.
  • I, juan de pareja

    1. 1. I, Juan de Pareja, Art, and Artists by Anna J. Small Roseboro
    2. 2. Historical Novel by Elizabeth Borton de Trevino En espanol In English
    3. 3. Set in 17 th Century Spain Madrid Seville
    4. 4. Learn about PAINTERS who may have influenced Velázquez. <ul><li>Caravaggio </li></ul><ul><li>Rembrandt </li></ul><ul><li>Rubens </li></ul><ul><li>Titian </li></ul><ul><li>Raphael </li></ul>and
    5. 5. a variety of styles of ART <ul><li>Chiaroscuro </li></ul><ul><li>Baroque </li></ul><ul><li>Realism </li></ul><ul><li>Idealism </li></ul>All are reflected in Velázquez’ painting.
    6. 6. Chiaroscuro <ul><li>n., [It., lit., clear, dark < L. clarus , clear + obscurus , dark] 1. the treatment of light and dark in a painting, drawing, etc., to produce the illusion of depth, a dramatic effect. </li></ul>Painting seems to have spotlight highlighting a portion of it.
    7. 7. Caravaggio – Self as Bacchus Reflects chiaroscuro in his work. Bacchus c. 1597 (160 Kb); Oil on canvas, Uffizi, Florence
    8. 8. Supper at Emmaus by Caravaggio c. 1600-01 (National Gallery, London) Seems to have spotlight
    9. 9. Rembrandt HARMENSZOON VAN RIJN <ul><li>Amsterdam, Dutch painter, draftsman, and etcher of the 17th century. </li></ul>Self-Portrait 1640 National Gallery, London
    10. 10. Notice Rembrandt’s use of chiaroscuro Seems to have a spot light shining
    11. 11. The Night Watch by Rembrandt 1642; Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam Seems to have a spot light shining
    12. 12. Baroque Period <ul><li>An era in the history of the Western arts roughly coinciding with the 17th century. </li></ul>
    13. 13. <ul><li>stylistically complex </li></ul><ul><li>to evoke emotional states </li></ul><ul><li>appealing to the senses </li></ul><ul><li>in dramatic ways. </li></ul>Baroque Art
    14. 14. Peter Paul Rubens <ul><li>The Flemish baroque painter and one of the foremost painters in Western art history. </li></ul>Self-Portrait (?)
    15. 15. Ruben’s Daniel in the Lion’s Den Emotional scene –FEAR c. 1615 (140 Kb); Oil on canvas, 224.3 x 330.4 cm (88 1/4 x 130 1/8 in); National Gallery of Art, Washington
    16. 16. <ul><li>qualities associated with </li></ul><ul><li>the Baroque Period: </li></ul><ul><li>vitality, </li></ul><ul><li>movement, </li></ul><ul><li>tension, </li></ul><ul><li>emotional exuberance </li></ul>
    17. 17. Movement Color Vitality Rubens Battle of the Amazons 1618
    18. 18. <ul><li>  1. what is real and true rather than abstract or theoretical.  </li></ul><ul><li>2. present things as they actually are.  </li></ul><ul><li>3. representing things as normally seen . (Cf. idealism .) </li></ul>Realism Wordsmyth http://www.wordsmyth.net/templates/wotw/2000.1120/wotw_college.shtml#word7 (8/2002)
    19. 19. Titian (Tiziano Vecellio) <ul><li>Venetian painter born in Pieve di Cadore, by his own account, in 1477. </li></ul>
    20. 20. Penitent Mary Magdalen 1560s Hermitage, St. Petersburg Titian Notice detail – drape of clothing.
    21. 21. Raphael <ul><li>Master painter and architect of the Italian High Renaissance. </li></ul>Bindo Altoviti c. 1515 National Gallery of Art, Washington
    22. 22. Raphael’s Realism Realistic Clothing of the Period Madonna of the Chair Galleria PalatinaPalazzo Pitti, Florence
    23. 23. Diego de Velázquez <ul><li>Spain's greatest painter </li></ul>c. Self Portrait 1640 Museo de Bellas Atres de San Pio V, Valencia A master of technique, a greater influence on European art than any other painter.
    24. 24. Velázquez’ Bacchus
    25. 25. Velázquez’ Bacchus Caravaggio’s Bacchus Notice: Similarities in subject and style
    26. 26. Vitality Movement Color 1634 Museo del Prado, Madrid The Count-Duke of Olivares on Horseback Velázquez Baroque Style
    27. 27. Chiaroscuro Realism Velázquez’ Painting reflects both The Water Seller of Seville Seems to have a spot light shining Notice torn clothing
    28. 28. KING PHILIP IV OF SPAIN Painted in 1644. The Dwarf Sebastian de Morra (Museo del Prado, Madrid) Velázquez paints both with dignity .
    29. 29. Diego and Juan Travel from Spain to Italy
    30. 30. Their destination Rome to view Italian art.
    31. 31. Michelangelo, Sculpture and Painter <ul><li>Self Portrait </li></ul>
    32. 32. Michelangelo’s Pieta c. 1498-99 Marble Basilica of St Peter, Vatican
    33. 34. Creation of the Sun and Moon Creation Section of Sistine Chapel Fresco This one
    34. 35. The Creation of Adam Creation Section of Sistine Chapel Fresco
    35. 36. Renaissance Women Artists <ul><li>Female painters often taught in studios by their fathers. Women artists often painted portraits and religious subjects. </li></ul>
    36. 37. A rtemisia G entileschi      &       E lisabetta S irani Important Painters of the Baroque Period
    37. 38. A rtemisia G entileschi <ul><li>born in Rome, lived in Florence, Naples, and elsewhere from 1593 to 1652.  </li></ul>Self Portrait
    38. 39. Paintings by G entileschi Classical/Biblical Subjects Judith with the Head of Holofernes by Elisabetta Sirani. Oil on Canvas Porcia Wounding Her Thigh, by Elisabetta Sirani. oil on canvas. Samuels & Company, NY. Women in Power
    39. 40. E lisabetta S irani <ul><li>Sirani, born in 1638, lived all her short life in Bologna. </li></ul><ul><li>She opened the school in 1652, when she was just fourteen years old! </li></ul><ul><li>Portrait of Elisabetta Sirani painted by her sister, Barbara Sirani, one of Elisabetta’s students. </li></ul>
    40. 41. Paintings by E lisabetta S irani Portrait of Beatrice Cenci , by Elisabetta Sirani (c. 1662).. Rome Galleria Nazionale d'Arte Antica, Virgin and Child , by Elisabetta Sirani. Oil on canvasNational Museum/Gallery of Women in the Arts
    41. 42. Well-known then; not now. <ul><li>Upon the death of Elisabetta Sirani in 1665, a large public funeral was held with a distinguished crowd of mourners paying tribute to her life and work. </li></ul>Muse of Tragedy. E.Sirani
    42. 43. Raphael’s Painting of Pope Leo X Velázquez is commissioned to paint the Pope Innocent X . No, neither is related to Malcolm X.
    43. 44. Velázquez’ Pope Innocent X c. 1650 (120 Kb); Galleria Doria-Pamphili, Rome
    44. 45. Velázquez’s Juan de Pareja
    45. 46. Juan de Pareja Pope Innocent X
    46. 47. Velázquez’ Masterpiece Pope Innocent X c. 1650 (120 Kb); Galleria Doria-Pamphili, Rome Realism, like Titian Chiaroscuro, like Caravaggio Baroque, like Rubens Strong colors Pose, similar to Raphael’s painting. Notice detail – drape of clothing. Seems to have a spot light shining
    47. 48. Bartolome Murillo Student of V elázquez (1617-82)
    48. 49. Murillo’s THE HOLY FAMILY OF THE LITTLE BIRD Like master, Velázquez: chiaroscuro and realism
    49. 50. Oil on canvas Musee du Louvre, Paris Murillo’s The Young Beggar Notice torn clothing, and dirty feet . Realism
    50. 51. Novel is based on the painting, Las Meni ña s
    51. 52. Las Meninas
    52. 53. Cross of Santiago? Velázquez painted himself in picture. The MYSTERY….. Who painted the Las Meni ñ as 1656-57 Museo del Prado, Madrid
    53. 54. The Calling of Saint Matthew by Juan de Pareja Juan de Pareja paints himself in picture. 1661 Prado Museum, Madrid
    54. 55. Can you find examples of each? Like his teacher, Pareja uses chiaroscuro , baroque and realism .
    55. 56. Try now, to define these styles of art. <ul><li>Chiaroscuro </li></ul><ul><li>Baroque </li></ul><ul><li>Realism </li></ul><ul><li>Idealism </li></ul>
    56. 57. Check out books from nearby library with art by these painters. Velázquez Raphael Titian Rembrandt Caravaggio Michelangelo Rubens
    57. 58. or log on to the Internet and view art.
    58. 59. Sources of Images <ul><li>Art Archive http://www.artchive.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>Art Cyclopedia http://www.artcyclopedia.com </li></ul><ul><li>Art Renewal Center http://www.artrenewal.org/ </li></ul><ul><li>Christus and Rex www.christusrex.org/ </li></ul><ul><li>The Frick Collection http://www.frick.org/ </li></ul><ul><li>Museum of El Prado http://www.spanisharts.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>WebMuseum http://www. ibiblio .org/wm/ </li></ul>
    59. 60. Visit a MUSEUM and see some of the paintings. The Beginning.
    60. 61. Chiaroscuro <ul><li>Chiaroscuro </li></ul><ul><li>n., [It., lit., clear, dark < L. clarus , clear + obscurus , dark] 1. the treatment of light and dark in a painting, drawing, etc., to produce the illusion of depth, a dramatic effect. </li></ul>The painting will seem to have a spotlight highlighting a portion of it. GO BACK
    61. 62. <ul><li>stylistically complex, … the desire to evoke emotional states by appealing to the senses, often in dramatic ways. Qualities most frequently associated with the Baroque are grandeur, sensuous richness, drama, </li></ul><ul><li>vitality, movement,tension, </li></ul><ul><li>emotional exuberance! </li></ul>Characteristics of Baroque Art GO BACK
    62. 63. <ul><li>  1.an interest in or concern for what is real and true rather than abstract or theoretical.  </li></ul><ul><li>2.a tendency to see or present things as they actually are.  </li></ul><ul><li>3.a movement in the fine arts and literature that is concerned with representing things as they actually are or as they are normally seen. (Cf. idealism.) </li></ul>Realism Wordsmyth http://www.wordsmyth.net/templates/wotw/2000.1120/wotw_college.shtml#word7 (8/2002) GO BACK

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