Inner City Problems and Redevelopment <ul><li>What are the problems in an inner city? </li></ul><ul><li>Can you make a list….. </li></ul><ul><li>Here’s a hint: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Overcrowding… </li></ul></ul>
Glasgow in 1900s <ul><li>One fifth of all ships were built here. Raw materials (iron, coal and steel) and the River Clyde provided the perfect conditions for a shipping industry. </li></ul><ul><li>Problems: </li></ul><ul><li>Jobs tightly linked to one industry </li></ul><ul><li>100,000 people lived in slum conditions half way through the 20th Century </li></ul><ul><li>There was high urban density- people lived in tenement housing </li></ul><ul><li>Jobs have been lost as the ship building industry has declined </li></ul>
Comprehensive Redevelopment in 1950s <ul><li>In 1957, 29 districts were marked as Comprehensive Redevelopment areas. People were moved out and the tenements were knocked down. People were re-housed in towns outside Glasgow, in five new towns (e.g. Cumbernauld, built in 1955) and on Council estates at the edge of the city (where 200,000 people were housed e.g in Drumchapel). In place of the old tenement buildings, some of the highest multi-storey flats in Britain were built (e.g in Gorbals). </li></ul><ul><li>Problems: </li></ul><ul><li>Many people felt socially isolated (people described the buildings as prisons). </li></ul><ul><li>There were problems with structural damage and dampness. </li></ul><ul><li>The inner city population decreased by about 65% in 30 years. </li></ul><ul><li>Families and communities were often split up </li></ul>
Urban Renewal from 1970s <ul><li>In 1976 £100 million was invested in an Urban Renewal scheme to improve the inner city under a scheme called GEAR. The aim was to provide jobs and better housing. Grants were given to companies to encourage them to locate in the inner city. </li></ul><ul><li>Problems: </li></ul><ul><li>Although jobs were provided, there were around 50 applicants for each job </li></ul><ul><li>Benefits: </li></ul><ul><li>Tenement buildings were gentrified meaning the sense of community wasn’t lost. </li></ul>
Recent Developments <ul><li>The Crown Street Regeneration Project (1990) has introduced new homes, 12 local shops, tree lined streets, a park, and the Riverside Business Park into the Gorbals area. </li></ul><ul><li>Developing Strathclyde Ltd have assisted 215 businesses and helped to create 1300 jobs in the past 5 years. E.g. Impressions Cleaning Scotland Ltd which received a £17,000 start up loan. </li></ul><ul><li>Glasgow was Europe’s City of Culture in 1990. This altered people’s perception of the city and created more than 8000 jobs in the arts and 600 jobs in the leisure and recreation industries. </li></ul>
Case study past exam question. <ul><li>Some settlements are growing whilst others are declining. Use examples you have studied to explain the benefits and problems that arise from either settlement growth or decline.  </li></ul>
Mark scheme: <ul><li>Level 1 (1-3 marks): Names an EU country or settlement. Describes a feature of growth/decline. Problem/benefit cited and explained in simple terms. Adequate written communication </li></ul><ul><li>Level 2 (4-6 marks): Description of growth/decline includes some place detail. A benefit and a problem explained. Adequate use of written communication with some use of specialist terms. </li></ul><ul><li>Level 3 (7-9 marks): Place specific detail of growth/decline given. Develops both benefits and problems. Accurate use of written communication with appropriate use of specialist terms. </li></ul>
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