Lesson 6

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Lesson 6

  1. 1. SUSTAINABILITY How sustainable is the development in Brazil and Peru?
  2. 2. Starter Activity <ul><li>Recap when you identified which you thought was the best option, top-down or bottom up </li></ul><ul><li>Do you still agree with your choice? </li></ul><ul><li>Why </li></ul><ul><li>DISCUSS </li></ul>
  3. 3. Poverty cycle <ul><li>Many rural peripheries of developing countries are stuck in the poverty cycle which is difficult for them to break out of. Achieving sustainable development becomes a problem for these areas. </li></ul><ul><li>Large top-down schemes that focus on national needs often overlook the rural poor and do little to improve the lives of people living a long way from the core. </li></ul><ul><li>Small-scale, bottom-up schemes may be more appropriate and more sustainable. </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Poverty Cycle Low Income and wellbeing for people and country No money to develop infrastructure, services or industry Little investment in industry or services Low level of consumer demand for services Low economic output and no community amenities No savings or investments by people Suggest how top down and bottom up schemes work to break the cycle
  5. 5. Sustainability <ul><li>Development that meets the needs of the present without compromising (limiting) the ability of future generations to meet their own needs </li></ul>
  6. 6. 10 rules for sustainable development <ul><li>Involve local people in decision-making and use appropriate technology. </li></ul><ul><li>Be affordable – not put countries/people into debt or prevent people from getting basic needs at affordable prices </li></ul><ul><li>Social, long term benefits, access to education, services, energy, jobs, good health i.e. no negative effects on people </li></ul><ul><li>Protect and encourage native plants and animals, small impact on natural environment. </li></ul><ul><li>Use land that has already been developed before i.e. brown field sites </li></ul><ul><li>Minimise waste and encourage re-use and recycling </li></ul><ul><li>Minimise energy use and use natural resources e.g. solar power </li></ul><ul><li>Minimise pollution, where pollution exists, it should be cleaned up </li></ul><ul><li>Minimise water use and use rainwater or domestic waste water where possible </li></ul><ul><li>Offer benefits to the poor and disadvantaged as well as the wealthy </li></ul>
  7. 7. Sustainability <ul><li>In pairs, take the 10 rules for sustainability. For both the Santo Antonio Dam and Chambamontera, award ticks for each rule that it meets. </li></ul><ul><li>Which scheme is most sustainable/least sustainable? Explain your reasons </li></ul>
  8. 8. Millennium development goals The Millennium Development Goals provided targets for countries to achieve by 2015. Target 1 is to halve (between 1990 and 2015) the proportion of people whose income is less than I dollar a day. By 1998, both Peru and Brazil had reduced extreme poverty by only 8% leaving much to be done by 2015
  9. 9. <ul><li>Watch video on r-drive </li></ul><ul><li>Millennium goals </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Why is it hard to improve the well-being of the population while at the same time conserving natural resources? </li></ul><ul><li>Make a list of as many ideas as you can </li></ul><ul><li>Discuss </li></ul>
  11. 11. TEAM TEACHING   <ul><li>In groups of 4 </li></ul><ul><li>Each person to prepare a detailed answer on one of the following </li></ul><ul><li>Teach your answer to the rest of the group. </li></ul><ul><li>  What are the advantages and disadvantages of using a bottom-up scheme rather than a top-down scheme from the sustainability point of view? </li></ul><ul><li>  Why would a developing country wish to get rid of disparities within the country? </li></ul><ul><li>  Name 3 ways in which a country may reduce the disparity between urban core and rural periphery </li></ul><ul><li>  Why may both top-down and bottom-up schemes be needed to bring about long-term economic development in a developing country. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>

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