L7. migration and the eu ap

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  • 1. Impacts of Migration L.O. To understand that migration is a result of decision making, push and pull factors and to understand the positive and negative impacts on the source region and receiving country.
  • 2. What is ‘migration’?What is ‘migration’? 60 seconds ‘write your definition on a post-it-note’ 60 seconds ‘write your definition on a post-it-note’
  • 3. CHECK and COMPLETE your definition. Migration is the movement of people from one area to another – it impacts on both the source region of the migrant and the receiving country. CHECK and COMPLETE your definition. Migration is the movement of people from one area to another – it impacts on both the source region of the migrant and the receiving country. Migration
  • 4. PULL FACTORS – attractions and opportunities of a place that encourage people to move there. E.g. ………………….. PUSH FACTORS – negative aspects of a place that encourage people to move away E.g. ………………… PUSH and PULL Factors
  • 5. PULL PUSH Come up to the board and write down a PUSH or PULL factor…..
  • 6. Make a quick list of these Push and Pull factors in your notes PULL 1.Job prospects 2.Health care 3.High standard of living 4.Improved housing 5.Attractive environments 6.Educational opportunities 7.High wages 8.Safety from conflict PUSH 1.Lack of jobs 2.Natural Disasters 3.Low wages 4.Difficult climate 5.Political or social unrest 6.Racial-/religious intolerance 7.Housing shortages Use the section on page 189 in your textbook to highlight whether these factors will have a positive or negative impact on the country of origin and destination, e.g. higher wages can mean migrants send money home which benefits their country of origin but not of destination. You could make a table like the example on the next slide. Video here
  • 7. Impacts of migration Positives Negatives Source Country– (where the migrants come from) If the country is over populated or over crowded the out migration can reduce pressure on the countries natural resources such as food and water. Migrants can send money back to the country of origin (known as remittances) which is a form of foreign exchange for that country. Returning migrants return with knowledge and skills The most skilled and young move – this is known as a “Brain Drain” which can badly affect public services and the economy. There is less money raised in tax revenue Families and communities are affected There are often gender imbalances, as it is often males who move. Receiving country (the country that receives migrants) Skills gaps and work in industries that the indigenous population do not want to do are filled. The economy of the country often gains, as companies have the best people in the correct posts. Public services can benefit, look at the number of foreign nationals in the UK’s NHS for example. Government tax revenues go up Pressure can be put of public services, housing and infrastructure from increasing population size. Language and cultural barriers can exist. Friction and racism can develop between the host population and the migrant groups. Locals can miss out on job opportunities because of increased competition from migrants.
  • 8. Migration within the EU • Most migration within the borders of the EU is voluntary and for economic purposes. • The pattern of migration generally shows that migrants move from poorer Eastern European countries to wealthier countries like the UK and Germany.
  • 9. Case Study: Poland to the UK • From the short extract provided find the answers to the following 5 questions and then hold them up on your mini whiteboards when you have them all
  • 10. Quick Fire – Mini Whiteboard Test 1. State one positive impact of Polish migration for the UK. 2. How much money did Polish workers in the UK manage to send back to Poland? 3. What is the main negative impact for Poland of economic migration to the UK? 4. What is the predicted population for the UK in 2033? 5. How could the influx of babies have a positive impact on the UK?
  • 11. Highlight • Now take your copy of the extract and highlight those 5 key points that you picked out to answer the mini quiz.
  • 12. Now have a go at this….. positive and negative effects of Migration Describe two ways in which migration within the EU can have positive effects on countries such as the UK. 1 ......................................................................................................................................... ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ 2 ......................................................................................................................................... ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ (4 marks) • L.O. To understand that migration is a result of decision making, push and pull factors and to understand the positive and negative impacts on the source region and receiving country.
  • 13. Mark Scheme • 2×2 or 1×3 + 1×1 • Max 2 if not using EU/UK Provide workers who are prepared to work at a lower rate than UK workers and so are more profitable and cover a labour shortage. Many of the migrants are highly educated and so bring particular useful skills to the country. Provide a wider range of cultural experiences for British people in areas such as food. Accept positive effects of people migrating from UK e.g. retirement to Spain. Increased birth rate and effect on population structure. Increased taxes paid. Increased number of people of working age. Immigrants are prepared to do poorly paid jobs that are not.