The average age of the population
What is it like to be old?
What is an ageing population?
1. Children are expensive so people opt for
2. Women want to have a career and leave
having children to later in their life and
so have fewer.
3. Baby boom year means larger number of
people to increase the numbers of elderly
4. Better healthcare and medicines means a
longer life expectancy.
1. Why is the population ageing
in many MEDCS at present?
3. Strategies to cope with an
1. Raise the age of retirement
2.Raise taxes so those at work contribute
more to society and community
3.Encourage migration – to help fill labour/
4.Encourage working, taxpaying population to
save for their old age
5.Encourage couples to have more children –
pro-natalist policies. here
4.EU Case Study : France –
problems and strategies
The Problems How Europe could age*
22,9% (2000), 30% (2020), 41%
22.1% (2000), 30% (2020), 38%
19.9% (2000), 28% (2020), 36%
21.8% (2000), 28% (2020), 44%
20.7% (2000), 29% (2020), 38%
*Persons 60 years and over as a %
of the total population up to 2050.
Replacement birth rate in
Europe is 2.1. France falls
short of this with 1.9
• AGE DEPENDENCY RATIO (% OF WORKING-AGE
POPULATION) IN FRANCE:
1. In France the state pension is set to
increase from 60 to 62 in 2018 (not fully
2. People are being encouraged to save more -
life insurance, private pensions and company
3. Pro-natalist policies – more children mean a
balanced population structure and lower
dependency ratio – see p.189 text book and
article for range of different ideas
• Design a billboard advert to make
French people aware of the need to
increase their family size.
• Use ‘le baby boom’ to help
• Include at least two problems and two
Where is tomorrows generation?
The fact of the matter is if we
don’t have more children in France
there is a real danger of
So what can we do about this?
Well did you know that the
Government here will …..
• With reference to a case study what are the
problems of an ageing population and explain
how they have been tackled. (8 marks)
What are the fears of elderly people in
• Using the information from today’s lesson talk
to the person next to you about the fears you
may face if you were 65+.