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  • 1. Population Structure, decline and economic development Lesson Objective: To explore the relationship between the population structure and population decline and the impact on future economic development.
  • 2. In the news…. Fearing population decline, Iran tries to fight falling birth rate Japan's population falls 'by record 244,000' in 2013 Germany Fights Population Drop
  • 3. Which parts of the world are experiencing population decline? Blue countries have growing populations; red countries are shrinking. Purple are growing slowly or not at all.
  • 4. Create a table to show the positives and negatives of population decline Population Decline Positives Negatives 1. ….. This means that … 2. …… This means that … 3. …… This means that … What would a population pyramid look like for a country experiencing population decline? Draw it on your mini whiteboard.
  • 5. Create a table to show the positives and negatives of population increase Population Increase Positives Negatives What would a population pyramid look like for a country experiencing population increase? Draw it on your mini whiteboard.
  • 6. Population Structure The structure of a population can have a big impact on the wealth of a country. What impact can the size of the following groups have on the wealth of a country and therefore its level of development? Young dependents – those under 15 years Economically active – 15 – 64 years Elderly dependents – 65 years and over
  • 7. The Dependency Ratio The dependency ratio is a measure of the number of working people and those dependent on them. You can work it out like this: Children (under 15) + elderly (65 and over) x 100 working population In 2007 the UK dependency ratio was 61, which meant that for every 100 people of working age there were 61 people dependent on them.
  • 8. Germany and Uganda face different problems because of their population structure. What are they? Germany Uganda Germany’s dependency ratio is 48 Uganda’s dependency ratio is 111
  • 9. What impact can population structure have on future economic development? Lets brainstorm some ideas Too many Too few Use these points to develop a written answer to the question. You could also use the hand-out (p142 Heinemann) to help you.
  • 10. To finish…. What advice would you give to the governments of Germany and Uganda to address their population structure problems. Get into pairs and come up with some suggestions.
  • 11. Past Exam Question – complete 1b