The dependency ration is a relationship between those who are and are not working in an area (usually a country). The active population are usually those between the ages of 15-65, even if they are not employed, people in this category are called the economically active. Those aged under 15 and over 65 are the economically inactive and are called dependants.
Pressure on housing – not enough housing, people living in slums. This is very common around the big cities (New Delhi), where millions of people live in shanty towns with no running water, roads, sewage of any kind.
Pressure on schooling – illiterate population. India’s literacy rate is 60% , Cambodia’s literacy rate is 69%
Pressure on food supplies - famine, food distribution difficulties. Natural disasters accentuate this problem e.g. droughts.
Pressure on health services – a growth in diseases being spread around and not being dealt with adequately to stop the spread.