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L4 living in a shanty town ap
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L4 living in a shanty town ap

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  • 1. What is it like to and why do people live in a Shanty Town? LO: What is it like to and why do people live in a Shanty Town?
  • 2. What happens next? • Watch this video to see what happens next.
  • 3. Push and Pull factors? • Push – things that push you away from a (rural) area, often problems. E.g. • Pull – things that pull (draw) you to a new (urban) area, often positive things. • TASK; – Write down all the push and pull factors you are about to see once the video has stopped … PUSH PULL LO: What is it like to and why do people live in a Shanty Town?
  • 4. Nairobi : a city in an LEDC L/O: What is it like to live in a Shanty Town?LO: What is it like to and why do people live in a Shanty Town?
  • 5. Location • Nairobi is in western Kenya • It is the capital and the largest city • Nairobi’s population in 1995 was 1.5 million. It had doubled by 2010. L/O: What is it like to live in a Shanty Town?LO: What is it like to and why do people live in a Shanty Town?
  • 6. Population Growth • This rapid growth is due mainly to rural- urban migration. • A young population means that the rate of natural increase is very high too. L/O: What is it like to live in a Shanty Town?LO: What is it like to and why do people live in a Shanty Town?
  • 7. Population Growth • Many push factors encourage people to leave rural areas including poverty and unemployment • Pull factors like the promise of better jobs and services encourage people to move to Nairobi. • Video here of a Kenyan farmer who has had to leave farming L/O: What is it like to live in a Shanty Town?LO: What is it like to and why do people live in a Shanty Town?
  • 8. Problems • This increase in population has led to a shortage of cheap housing and overcrowding. • Most households share 1 room with 6-7 people in each household. • This results in a high population density. (73,000 people per sq.km.). L/O: What is it like to live in a Shanty Town?LO: What is it like to and why do people live in a Shanty Town?
  • 9. Overcrowding
  • 10. Overcrowding
  • 11. Problems(2) • lower standards of health, hygiene and sanitation. • Lack of basic services like water supply and mains drainage. • Illegal slums may be pulled down by property developers causing homelessness. L/O: What is it like to live in a Shanty Town?LO: What is it like to and why do people live in a Shanty Town?
  • 12. Shanty towns • 55% of Nairobi's population live on 6% of the city’s area in shanty towns. • They are mainly to the W. of Nairobi on the edge, along roads, railway lines or by rivers. • An example is Kibera. LO: What is it like to and why do people live in a Shanty Town?
  • 13. What is a Shanty Town? • People in LEDC’s are moving to ______in huge numbers – rural to urban migration. They move because life in rural (countryside) areas is _____. Drought may stop ______ growing or they don’t have enough land to grow all the crops they need to ____their family. The ____ offers a lot more to these people but they arrive with _______ , including a place to stay. As a result they find whatever ______ they can to build a home beside the ____ or railway line. ROAD NOTHING CITY CROPS FEED TOUGH CITIES MATERIALS L/O: What is it like to live in a Shanty Town?LO: What is it like to and why do people live in a Shanty Town? COMPLETE THESHEET!
  • 14. David’s Story • This is my home. I live here with my parents, four brothers and two sisters. I am the eldest; I am fifteen years old. We pay £25 a month rent for our house. • It is made from corrugated iron, which we were able to buy, and mud and wood, which we found. • We don’t have our own toilet; we share one with 10 other families. This gets very stinky, and many people go elsewhere. … L/O: What is it like to live in a Shanty Town?LO: What is it like to and why do people live in a Shanty Town?
  • 15. David’s Story • Outside our house there is sewage running down the mud street. It smells very bad. • We don’t have running water in our house; we have to queue up and buy it from the man who lives three houses away. We cook outside using charcoal. We buy this from the woman next door. • I go to school when our family can afford to pay school fees, but often I can’t go as we are too poor. L/O: What is it like to live in a Shanty Town?LO: What is it like to and why do people live in a Shanty Town?
  • 16. This is where David lives L/O: What is it like to live in a Shanty Town?LO: What is it like to and why do people live in a Shanty Town?
  • 17. How to build David's House - Instructions In pairs, you are going to build a scale model of David's family home. •1. Carefully cut out all the house pieces on Activity Sheet 12. There are two sides made from corrugated iron and one side each made from mud and wood. •2. Make David's home. The house pieces fit together to make a house. Just like real houses of this type, there are no tabs to help you put the house together, so you must use sticky tape to join the pieces as best as you can. The house does not have a roof (although the real one does!). •3. Organise the pieces to fit onto the base map on Activity Sheet 12. The house could be as big as you can make it. There is no right way of building the house, though some designs are better than others. L/O: What is it like to live in a Shanty Town?LO: What is it like to and why do people live in a Shanty Town?
  • 18. How to build David's House - Instructions • 4. Cut out and make the furniture on Activity Sheet 12. There is one bed, a mat that some of the children sleep on and a storage unit. To make these cut out the shapes along the solid lines and fold along the dotted lines. Use glue to join them together. Organise these in a logical way in the house. • 5. Cut out the people in David's family on Activity Sheet 12. Think about where the members of David's family will sleep. They can either sleep in the bed or on the mat. Make sure they all have a place to sleep. • 6. Now think about where David's family will sit during the day. Fold them on their dotted lines and arrange. L/O: What is it like to live in a Shanty Town?LO: What is it like to and why do people live in a Shanty Town?
  • 19. Imagine you are David and answer these questions • What problems do you face living in Kibera? • How much space does the family have? • What problems would this lead to? • What health problems might the family have? • What are the good things in David's life? • Did anything surprise you when you carried out this task? L/O: What is it like to live in a Shanty Town?LO: What is it like to and why do people live in a Shanty Town?
  • 20. How would your life be different if you lived in David's house for a week? L/O: What is it like to live in a Shanty Town?LO: What is it like to and why do people live in a Shanty Town?
  • 21. Demolition of illegal shanty town • Watch the video here (from 2.00 on full screen) L/O: What is it like to live in a Shanty Town?LO: What is it like to and why do people live in a Shanty Town?