L4 ap youthful populations


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L4 ap youthful populations

  1. 1. Recap: Why is UK’s population changing? How would this contrast with a developing country?
  2. 2. Kenya is grouped into more than 70 ethnic groups. Some ethnic groups are large, such as the Agikuyu, while others form a very small part of the population (e.g. the tribe of El Molo). Kenya’s ethnic groups are divided into three main groups based on their language. These are :- 1) Bantu 2) Nilotes 3) Cushites There are also Asians, Europeans and Arabs. These ethnic groups make up the smallest percentage of the Kenyan population. Kenya’s Population
  3. 3. Kenya’s Demographic Transition birth rate total population death rate 1945 2000 ‘Demo’ means population This graph shows how Kenya’s population has changed since 1945.
  4. 4. birth rate total population death rate 1945 2000 Explain why at ‘A’ the population keeps rising even though the birth rate is dropping. A What has caused the birth rate to slowly decline? Kenya’s Demographic Transition
  5. 5. Population Structure – Kenya (2008) There are several problems associated with youthful dependency (0 - 14 years):
  6. 6. What are the problems of a Youthful population? 1. Pressure on housing – not enough housing, people living in slums. This is very common around the big cities (New Delhi), where millions of people live in shanty towns with no running water, roads, sewage of any kind. 2. Pressure on schooling – illiterate population. India’s literacy rate is 60%, Cambodia’s literacy rate is 69%. 3. Pressure on food supplies - famine, food distribution difficulties. Natural disasters accentuate this problem e.g. droughts 4. Potential for further population growth as these young people grow older, get married and have children. This will continue to add pressure to schooling, food supplies, housing and health services. 5. Pressure on health services – a growth in diseases being spread around and not being dealt with adequately to stop the spread. 6. Pressure on working populations (economically active) - to support the young and old. 7. 2.5 million children living with HIV in parts of the developing world.
  7. 7. What can we do to help the millions of children who suffer from HIV/AIDs? Health clinics Community centres and orphanages Education Providing advice and safe sex education http://www.soschildrensvillages.org.uk/sponsor-a-child/africa/kenya
  8. 8. Your Task • In pairs you need to write a rap to encourage people from around the world to do more to help Aids orphans. • You need to include problems and solutions and lots of facts.