L2 ap land use zones 2013

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L2 ap land use zones 2013

  1. 1. How does land use vary in urban areas?
  2. 2. HOMEWORK • Complete the urbanisation handout
  3. 3. Alien Landing in Kingston! • If Zorg walks out of the centre of town, what would he see? • Can you describe his surroundings to your partner. • Use housing, businesses, roads, shopping areas etc. • Use the model to help you
  4. 4. Key terms • Land use: What the land in an urban area is actually being used for. • Function: The main purpose of an area of land. E.g. The CBD is there as an area for people to buy and sell things.
  5. 5. TASK • In four groups • Write on your mini white board 1. Your zone. 2. What are the characteristics of your zone. 3. What function you think it had originally. 4. Which ariel photograph you think it is.
  6. 6. CBD Inner City Suburbs Rural – Urban Fringe Write on your mini white board 1. Your zone. 2. What are the characteristics of your zone. 3. What function you think it had originally. 4. Which ariel photograph you think it is.
  7. 7. 1. CBD
  8. 8. 1. The Central Business District
  9. 9. What typical characteristics of a CBD are shown here? The Tallest Buildings Why? Public Buildings eg Town Hall Busy – lots of pedestrians Markets
  10. 10. What typical characteristics of a CBD are shown here? Purpose built shopping centres providing undercover shopping experience Big Department Stores and National Chain Stores – why?
  11. 11. What typical characteristics of a CBD are shown here? Very accessible – public transport & traffic management required due to congestion. Historic/ old street pattern – often some narrow streets Some of the oldest buildings
  12. 12. What typical characteristics of a CBD are shown here? Entertainment – e.g. restaurants Entertainment e.g. cinemas (although increasingly these are moving further out of town) Entertainment e.g. pubs
  13. 13. 1. The Central Business District • Largest amount of offices & shops • Widest variety of goods on sale • High accessible • Highest land values and rent – hence so tall • Main area of work by day – leads to traffic congestion • Few people actually live here.
  14. 14. 2. Inner City
  15. 15. 2. Inner City
  16. 16. 2. Inner City
  17. 17. 2. Inner City • Old, high density terraced housing. May be converted to flats now and in poor condition • High rise flats – 1960’s • Abandoned factories and warehouses • Areas of derelict land, next to railway lines • Pockets of smart new developments around old docks e.g. Docklands in London
  18. 18. 3. Suburbs
  19. 19. 3. Suburbs
  20. 20. Reasons for Growth of the Suburbs 1. Better public transport and increased car ownership meant people could separate work from where they live. 2. Building societies provided mortgages making it easier to buy homes 3. People were wealthier and looking for a better living environment. 3. THE SUBURBS
  21. 21. 4. Rural Urban Fringe
  22. 22. 4. Rural Urban Fringe
  23. 23. 4. Rural Urban Fringe • Huge mixture of land uses. • Often business parks and industrial estates locate in the rural- urban fringe as the land is cheaper, there is room for expansion and they are closer to transport links to allow export and import of goods. • Motorways • Recreational land-uses such as golf courses and leisure parks have been established in the rural-urban fringe. • Housing has also encroached into the rural-urban fringe, as more people move out of the cities and commute to work. • Out-of-town shopping centres also find that the space available. • Farming still occurs in the rural-urban fringe, although the farmers often come under great pressure to sell their land for development.
  24. 24. • 1. Answer A and d from p197
  25. 25. Homework – TASK • Use the internet to find a city and then copy the map into word and label each area and briefly decribe what it is like. • Good example is Cambridge

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