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L2 ap european migration


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  • 1. Migration within Europe
  • 2. Describe the pattern of migration? Explain the pattern of migration shown? LO: Migration within Europe
  • 3. European Migration • Migrants have moved from the east of Europe (Poland, Romania) into the western core (e.g. UK, France & Germany). • They have moved from countries with low GDP to countries with high ones to find work and earn more money. • Migrants have also moved south to the Mediterranean (e.g. Spain). • This is because of migrants moving from north Europe to south Europe (mainly retirees –sunseekers) and north African migrants crossing the Mediterranean. LO: Migration within Europe
  • 4. EU open borders • Most border controls removed in 1995 under the Schengen Agreement. This agreement meant passports did not normally need to be shown at EU boarders. • In 2004 when 8 lower income countries joined the EU ( Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia, Poland, Hungary, Slovenia and the Czech Republic) the UK was one of only 3 countries to allow free migration of these people. Other EU members imposed bans for up to 7 years. Consequently the UK was the top destination for lots of migrants from these new EU countries. • This allows labour forces to move about Europe to where the demand is highest. LO: Migration within Europe
  • 5. EU open borders • The EU has set up a boarder control agency (Frontex) to police boarders with non EU member countries. • In January 2014 the UK, along with 8 other EU countries, lifted its seven year ban on migrants from Bulgaria and Romania working in the UK. • Video here LO: Migration within Europe
  • 6. EU open borders • A large number of the polish who have come to the UK are low paid service jobs (plumber, hotel work or farm labourers) • The UK has a large percentage of migrants but today they are all scattered around the UK (including a lot in rural areas working on farms and hotels). In the past they have been concentrated in the cities. LO: Migration within Europe
  • 7. Illegal migrants into Europe from Africa • Video here – Make notes as we watch. Lots of overlapping points with European Migration. LO: Migration within Europe