People generally believe that their quality of life is improved by living in rural areas as they do not live as near to other people, they believe it is safer and quieter and houses are larger with gardens etc.
Wealthy urban residents . These groups have the money to afford the cost of travel to work and to use the services / amenities nearby by car or public transport.
Families who want more open space and a safer, less polluted environment to bring their children up in.
What are the Effects of Counterurbanisation (growth of rural settlements) ?
1) Population .
The number of people and type of people change.
There is often friction between the locals and the ‘commuters’.
2) Settlement size and shape .
New houses are built which often change the traditional character of the village.
The rural villages were mainly homes for agricultural workers and had limited services and amenities eg local shop, church.
Now as the population increases, villages are becoming SUBURBANISED. This means that they have many more services eg restaurants, hairdressers and the villages seem like urban areas. The functions of the settlement are therefore increasing eg residential, industrial, entertainment etc.
In 1800 Bottisham village had 55 houses.The total number of inhabited houses rose to 255 by 1831 and c. 330 in the 1850s
The later 20th century saw rapid growth, c. 60 houses were built both in the 1950s and the 1970s, over 200 in the 1960s. A sewage works to cater for 3,070 people begun west of Bottisham park in the late 1950s was finished by 1964. The largest development was the Park Estate of over 150 houses begun c. 1960