Future Forests The Decision V1


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Future Forests The Decision V1

  1. 1. Future forests: can we see the wood for the trees? THE DECISION SECTION - these pictures are all of Wentwood Forest, Wales.
  2. 2. Resource 9 Glossary <ul><li>UK Forestry Commission – government department responsible for forestry </li></ul><ul><li>Efficiency – when something uses time and energy well </li></ul><ul><li>Financial assistance – giving of money </li></ul><ul><li>Recreational facilities – used for enjoyment </li></ul><ul><li>Depopulation – fewer people living in an area </li></ul><ul><li>Plantations – an area where trees are grown for wood </li></ul><ul><li>Restoration – returning to its earlier good condition </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Forestry Commission <ul><li>Is an government body </li></ul><ul><li>It manages 40% of the woodland area in the UK </li></ul><ul><li>It’s aims can be seen to conflict with each other: </li></ul><ul><li>They want to preserve woodland, but also encourage profit making forestry, some native trees have been replaced with quick- growing conifers. </li></ul><ul><li>At the detriment of natural ecosystems. </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Forestry Commission <ul><li>Our forests and woods can contribute so much to our nation. We deliver  practical programmes to make sure that, as communities and individuals, we can get the most from them. </li></ul><ul><li>We are constantly looking for ways to share our knowledge , plan activities and develop new initiatives to provide benefits for the economy and for our health and wellbeing. </li></ul><ul><li>We work with a whole range of partners from private sector landowners to sports clubs, local communities to national businesses, on a whole host of recreation, regeneration and educational schemes. </li></ul><ul><li>Our responsibilities span research , commercial timber production , sustainability programmes and policy , as well as learning and leisure . </li></ul><ul><li>Our goal is always to ensure that, at a practical level , Britain can use its forests to contribute positively to as many of the nation's needs as we can while sustaining this great resource for the future. </li></ul>Can you pick out any of the conflicts from these aims from the website of the Forestry Commission?
  5. 5. Resource 9 <ul><li>This part shows the aims of the UK forestry commission. </li></ul><ul><li>What are their main ideas? </li></ul><ul><li>You should be able to identify the economic, environmental and social aspects of sustainability </li></ul><ul><li>Can you identify any stakeholders? </li></ul>
  6. 6. Conflicting Aims <ul><li>This paragraph explains the conflicts of some of the Forestry Commission’s aims. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Campaigning to save native trees <ul><li>Other options… </li></ul><ul><li>Planted conifers are now being felled, and native trees replanted to regenerate the ‘traditional’ woodland in England. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Questions <ul><li>The Forestry Commission has many aims. Some of these can be said to be conflicting. Can you write down some of the aims that conflict, and explain why? </li></ul><ul><li>  What is one of the projects that the Forestry Commission is currently running, to ensure the continuation of indigenous trees in the UK? </li></ul>
  9. 9. Can you write down the options for management the Forestry Commission would give? <ul><li>Allow forestry and agriculture to take place ‘in harmony’ </li></ul><ul><li>To allow coniferous forests to be planted in the place of traditional forests for felling (and making money) </li></ul><ul><li>To promote the development of the wood-using industry and its efficiency. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Resource 10 <ul><li>This resource elaborates on the importance of native woodlands to conserve native ecosystems and habitats and the role of the Woodland Trust. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Resource 10 <ul><li>Ice age – time in the past where temperatures were very cold </li></ul><ul><li>Species – animals/plants that have similar features </li></ul><ul><li>Agriculture – farming </li></ul><ul><li>Fragmented – several separate parts </li></ul><ul><li>Woodland trust – charity trying to protect woodland </li></ul><ul><li>Agenda – list of possible future achievements </li></ul><ul><li>Biodiversity – number and variety of plants/animals that exist in a certain area </li></ul><ul><li>Acquisition – to obtain something </li></ul><ul><li>Lobbying – to try and persuade someone </li></ul>
  12. 13. The Woodland Trust <ul><li>This is another stakeholder in the woodland in the UK </li></ul><ul><li>They buy and manage woodlands and give people open access </li></ul><ul><li>Their way of managing is more sustainable, and there are less conflicts. </li></ul><ul><li>They are a conservation organisation </li></ul><ul><li>Their woodlands are accredited by the FSC (do you remember what this means?) </li></ul>
  13. 14. ERRATUM! The exam board have made a mistake in your resource booklet. Please can you make sure that you change your booklet so that point 8 says biodiversity instead of dioversity .
  14. 15. What does ‘contemporary challenge’ mean?
  15. 16. The Woodland Trust <ul><li>What are the main aims of the woodland trust? </li></ul>
  16. 17. Looking at the whole of resource 10… <ul><li>Can you identify the different types of sustainability within the resource, and the work that the Woodland Trust does? </li></ul>
  17. 18. Resource 11 <ul><li>This resource focuses on the battle to preserve and replant an areas of ancient woodland in South Wales. You should consider future permitted developments on this site. </li></ul>
  18. 19. Resource 11 <ul><li>Planted ancient woodland – formerly semi natural but now replanted with conifers/broadleaves or a mixture of the two </li></ul><ul><li>Habitat – the natural surroundings where a plant or animal lives </li></ul><ul><li>Inhospitable – not suitable for humans to live in </li></ul>
  19. 20. The Decision <ul><li>This is the woodland that you will be making a decision about: </li></ul><ul><li>Wentwood Forest in Wales </li></ul><ul><li>It is famous for its areas of ancient woodland </li></ul>
  20. 21. Location <ul><li>What does this map tell you about the location of Wentwood Forest? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the possible developments of this area of forest? </li></ul>
  21. 22. What differences can you see?
  24. 25. Considering Future Permitted Development <ul><li>These are the ideas for the options for the development of the forest, that you may have to consider in the longer answer question… </li></ul>
  25. 26. Options <ul><li>Do nothing and continue to collect the income from the coniferous forest, and allow footpaths through the ancient woodland. </li></ul><ul><li>What are the advantages and disadvantages of this option? </li></ul>
  26. 27. Options <ul><li>2. Reforestation - remove all the broad leaf trees, replant the area with conifer seedlings and capitalise on investment </li></ul><ul><li>What are the advantages and disadvantages of this option? </li></ul>
  27. 28. Options <ul><li>3. Clear fell to encourage farming and housing development - to meet the needs of a growing population </li></ul><ul><li>What are the advantages and disadvantages of this option? </li></ul>
  28. 29. Options <ul><li>4. Conserve the ancient woodlands , gradually replace conifers with broadleaves (indigenous trees) and allow paths through the forest. </li></ul><ul><li>What are the advantages and disadvantages of this option? </li></ul>