Discussion (1) (1)
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    Discussion (1) (1) Discussion (1) (1) Presentation Transcript

    • The sentence is the primary unit of grammar, and understanding the sentence is the key to good grammar. As in our everyday expressions, the effectiveness of the sentences we use to produce a desired result depends a great deal on the way we arrange our words in our sentences. A sentence, as we know, is a combination of words which expresses a thought with intelligibility and completeness.
    •  The sentence has two parts. The topic of the sentence is the subject. What is said to subject is predicate. Usually but not always , the subject identifies the agent of the action, that is, it tells us who or what is doing something.
    •  The complete subject of a sentence is a noun/ pronoun (which is the doer of the action), along with any words or phrases that modify the ,main noun/pronoun. The main noun/pronoun by itself called the simple subject. Every sentence has a subject, although sometimes the subject is implied. To find the subject of the sentence first find the main verb, then, ask yourself, who or what is doing this action?
    • The delegates arrived yesterday. *who arrived? Answer: the delegates- simple subject) 
    • Not only the price but also the quality of their products fluctuates wildly *What fluctuates? Answer: price and quality 
    • Obviously, the student government election is over. *What is over? Answer: the student government election 
    •  The predicate is what is being said about the topic of the sentence, always has a verb. The main verb or verb phrase is called simple predicate. The verb usually has a verb completion called an object or a complement. Like the noun or the pronoun, the verb often has modifiers. In effect, the complete predicate of the sentence is made up of a verb (or a verb phrase)
    • Francis jude jogs every morning. *What did francis jude do?) Answer: Jogs (action verb)- simple predicate  Aunt jeanie visits her son and brings gifts *What did Aunt jeanie do? Answer: visits and brings- compound predicate  The bus station is near Mae’s house. (no action verb) *is (linking verb) near Mae’s house – tells something about the subject- complete predicate 
    •  The subject more often comes first in a sentence, and putting the subject first is probably the more straightforward way to organize a sentence. But for variety, and even for suspense, writers can choose to reverse the order, putting the predicate first and the subject last, or putting parts of the predicate on either side of the subject.
    • The tired man sat under the mango tree. (no emphasis) Under the mango tree sat the tired man. (emphasis on the predicate, which comes first) 
    •     In sentences that ask questions rather than make statements, the subject comes first, but the more usual order is to place the subject inside the verb. Example: Her sister is arriving today? Is her sister arriving today?
    •     In sentence that gives commands rather tan make statements again the subject can come first, but nearly always, the subject and part of the verb are deleted. Example: You will do as I tell you! Do as I tell you!
    • When there or here begins a sentence, the subject usually follows the verb.  Example: there were thousands of candy wrappers on the floor. 