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Globalization of Obesity
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Globalization of Obesity

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Online Learning at itsallaboutculture.com

Online Learning at itsallaboutculture.com

Published in: Education, Health & Medicine

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  • 1. Globalization of Obesity itsallaboutculture.com Professor Alana L. Jolley
  • 2. Chronic Obesity Epidemic Worldwide
  • 3. What is Obesity? • Overweight: ten pounds • Obesity: 20 pounds over •BMI over 25-overweight • BMI (Body Mass Index) over 30 – obese • Severe obesity: 100 pounds overweight.
  • 4. Causes of Obesity Calories: intake exceeds energy output Obesity: prevalent in industrialized nations Energy-dense food: cheap, fast food Physical activity: decreases, and car-centered Possible “thrifty” gene in some populations
  • 5. Central Obesity the Most Health Threatening
  • 6. Ancestors Were Hunter-gatherers and Very Mobile
  • 7. Dietary Patterns and Culture Change Agriculture: 10-12,000 years ago Transition: plant-dominant to animal foods Less saturated fat – no factory farms Nutrients: more variety, more vitamins Demise of food-sharing
  • 8. Cultural Causes of Obesity Refined carbohydrates More fat, sugar, (HFCS) and salt Diet drinks and slow metabolism HFCS (High Fructose Corn Syrup) mirror of obesity
  • 9. What Has Happened to the Family Dinner? (Food Sharing)
  • 10. Health Risks Coronary artery disease, sleep disorders Type 2 adult diabetes, and/or insulin resistance High cholesterol – unhealthy cholesterol levels High blood pressure, high risk of stroke Erectile dis-function, prostrate cancer high risk
  • 11. Some People Never Become Obese, Why?
  • 12. Problematic for Future Generations
  • 13. Consequences for Humanity       Poor health, chronic illnesses Disabilities Poor quality of life Escalating health care and health care costs Stress on families: financially, emotionally High costs: community, society, nation, world
  • 14. Globalization of Obesity • PPT Presentation adapted from: – 2005, Frisancho, A. Roberto, Humankind Evolving, Chapter 23, pp. 353-365. itsallaboutculture.com