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Transport

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  • 1. Transport Roadways Types of Road Length Expressways 200 km (120 mi) National Highways 66,590 km (41,380 mi) State Highways 131,899 km (81,958 mi) Major District Roads 467,763 km (290,654 mi) Rural and Other Roads 2,650,000 km (1,650,000 mi) Total Length 3,300,000 km (2,050,000 mi) (Approx)
  • 2. Railways
    • One of the largest and busiest rail networks in the world.
    • Transports over 18 million passengers and more than 2 million tonnes of freight daily.
    • Divided into sixteen zones which are further sub-divided into sixty seven divisions.
    • 6,909 stations over a total route length of around 63,465 km (39,435 mi).
    • It is the world's largest commercial employer, with more than 1.4 million employees.
  • 3.
    • Owns over 200,000 (freight) wagons, 50,000 coaches and 8,000
    • International Rail Link
    • Pakistan- the Samjhauta Express between Delhi and Lahore, and the Thar Express between Jodhpur and Karachi.
    • Bangladesh is connected by a bi-weekly train, the Maitree Express .
  • 4. Aviation
  • 5. Airports
    • There are more than 335 (2008 est.) civilian airports in India.
    • 250 with paved runways and 96 with unpaved runways.
    • more than 20 international airports.
    • The Indira Gandhi International Airport and the Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport handle more than half of the air traffic in South Asia.
  • 6. Ports
    • 95% of the foreign trade by quantity and 70% by value takes place through the ports.
    • Twelve major ports: Kolkata (including Haldia), Paradip, Vishakapatnam, Ennore, Chennai, Tuticorin, Kochi, New Mangalore, Mormugao, Navi Mumbai, Mumbai and Kandla.
    • There are 187 minor and intermediate ports, 43 of which handle cargo.
  • 7. Waterways
    • National Waterway 1 - Allahabad - Haldia stretch of the Ganga - Bhagirathi - Hooghly river system with a total length of 1,620 kilometres (1,010 mi).
    • National Waterway 2 - Saidiya - Dhubri stretch of the Brahmaputra river system with a total length of 891 kilometres (554 mi)
    • National Waterway 3 - Kollam - Kottapuram stretch of the West Coast Canal along with Champakara and Udyogmandal canals, with a total length of 205 kilometres (127 mi)
  • 8.
    • National Waterway 4 - Bhadrachalam - Rajahmundry and Wazirabad - Vijaywada stretch of the Krishna - Godavari river system along with the Kakinada - Puducherry canal network, with a total length of 1,095 km (680 mi) in 2007. [123][124]
    • National Waterway 5 - Mangalgadi - Paradeep and Talcher - Dhamara stretch of the Mahanadi - Brahmani river system along with the East Coast Canal, with a total length of 623 km (387 mi) in 2007.

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