Conditions in english grammar

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Conditions in English grammar

Conditions in English grammar

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  • 1. AJIT SINGH
    ENGLISH TRAINER
  • 2.
  • 3. OPEN CONDITION
    It’s a Condition which can be completed
    Rule #
    In this case If Clause is followed with Present Indefinite Tense.
    And the Main Clause is followed with Future Indefinite/ Imperative/ Can/ May.
  • 4. EXAMPLES OF OPEN CONDITION
    If you trust me, tell me the truth.
    यदि तुम मुझ पर विश्वास करते हो तो मुझे सच बताओ !
    Should I desire, I can do this in a trice.
    यदि मैं चाहूँ तो मैं यह काम एक चुटकी में कर सकता हूँ !
    If I go to London, I’ll bring a gift for you.
    यदि मैं लन्दन जाऊंगा तो तुम्हारे लिए कोई उपहार लाऊंगा !
    I’ll climb up the tree provided you help me.
    यदि तुम मेरी सहायता करो तो में पेड़ पर चढ़ जाऊंगा !
  • 5. REJECTED CONDITION
    Here the Condition is rejected or Could be completed but actually it is Incomplete
    Rule #
    In this case Conditional/ If Clause is followed with Past Indefinite Tense and the main Clause is followed with Would+V1
    Or Would can be replaced with Should/ Could/ Might.
  • 6. EXAMPLES OF REJECTED CONDITION
    If you had helped me, I would have passed.
    यदि तुमने मेरी मदद की होती तो मैं भी पास हो जाता !
    If he wanted, he could save you.
    अगर वह चाहता तो तुम्हे बचा सकता था !
    If I have got to see him, I would have knocked him down then and there.
    अगर वह मुझे मिल जाता तो वहीँ उसकी हड्डियाँ तोड़ देता !
    If you had been so much conscious for your esteem, you would never have done such an odious act.
    अगर तुम्हे अपनी इज्ज़त की इतनी परवाह होती तो तुम ऐसा घटिया काम नहीं करते !
  • 7. IMAGINARY CONDITION
    It’s a Condition which is Imaginative or can never be Completed
    Rule #
    In this case Conditional/ If Clause is followed with Past Perfect Tense and the Main Clause is followed with Would/ Should/ Could/ Might+ Have+V3.
  • 8. EXAMPLES OF IMAGINARY CONDITION
    If you were Prime Minister, what would you do?
    अगर तुम प्रधान मंत्री होते तो तुम क्या करते ?
    If I had power, I would have uprooted the corruption over the night.
    यदि सत्ता मेरे हाथ में होती तो मैं रातों-रात भ्रष्टाचार समाप्त कर देता !
    He talks as if he were the erudite!
    बात तो वह ऐसे करता है जैसा सबसे बड़ा ज्ञानी वही हो !
    If wishes were horses, beggars would ride.
    यदि इच्छा करने मात्र से प्रत्येक वस्तु की प्राप्ति हो जाती तो सारे भिखारी धनी हो जाते !
  • 9. WORDS USED IN CONDITIONAL SENTENCES
    If/ Had/ Should यदि
    Provided बशर्ते
    Until जब तक नहीं
    Unless and Until जब तक नहीं
    I Wish काश
    Come what may चाहे कुछ भी हो
    As if/ As Though मानो कि
    Lest ऐसा न हो कि
  • 10. PRACTICE
    यदि आप अपने विचार प्रकट करना चाहते तो करो !
    यदि वह परीक्षा में प्रथम आया तो उसे इनाम मिलेगा !
    यदि समय पर वर्षा हुई तो फसल अच्छी होगी !
    यदि पानी को शून्य डिग्री तक ठंडा करें तो यह जम जाता है !
    यदि तुम जल्दी ठीक होने चाहते हो समय पर दवाई लो !
    यदि मेरी लोटरी निकल जाये तो मैं महल बनवा दूँ !
    यदि सरकार निर्धनों की परवाह करती तो उनकी समस्याएं समाप्त हो जातीं !