Campus Infra – evolution by PPP


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This is the presentation of my Major project. It outlines the idea of how a Government institute can develop its campus infrastructure with the help of Public Private Partnership.
Its a case study for Government College of Engineering, Amravati

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  • Campus Infra – evolution by PPP

    1. 1. “because THINKING may be a great way of getting things started, But DOING is the only way of getting things DONE.” Infra – Evolution 2030 via Public - Private Partnership
    2. 2. The Campus of Government College of Engineering, Amravati
    3. 3.  The Govt. of Maharashtra awarded autonomous status to college academic session 2006-07  The latest ranking of the college is 33th all over the India  Government college of engineering Amravati was established in year 1964  The campus is spread over 105 acres of land on Amravati-Walgaon Road  Institute have seven discipline i.e. CE, ME, EE, ENTC, CS, IE & IT INTRODUCTION
    5. 5. Master Planning Implementat -ion of master plan via PPP Scope of project
    6. 6. SCOPE OF MASTER PLAN Accessing current infrastructure & the needs of the institute Accessing the capacity of the infrastructure Locating current & proposed infrastructure Modifications & re-arrangement of existing infrastructure Suggestions regarding road network, parking facility, landscaping, illumination, etc.
    7. 7. Necessity of Infra-evolution 2030 • To achieve Mission & Vision of institute • Lack of Infrastructure development • Lack of high quality research labs • Lack of sporting facilities • Poor road network of college • To enrich good quality faculty, students, status of institute
    8. 8. OBJECTIVES • To plan the college with a long- term roadmap of growth • To plan the college with respect to its outdoor spaces (including parking, circulation routes, etc.) • To plan more efficiently and effectively using space within our existing campus facilities • To promote the faster delivery of the public capital programme
    9. 9. THEME • Main theme for master planning is to create pollution free campus • Implementation of master planning by Public- Private Partnership • The whole college is divided in number of zones such as academic zone, non-academic zone, residential zone and a sports zone • Use of renewable energy source is in much amount
    10. 10. Different zones for master planning
    11. 11. Campus Gateway • In master planning of campus, the development of campus gate is also included. • The campus will have single primary vehicular access Point or gateway to enter in campus. • A low masonry wall with Campus identification signage is provided. • A raised planter bed with colorful annual flowers. A backdrop of distinctive flowering canopy trees differentiated from the eucalyptus trees are provided. • Landscaping at entrance with lighting system for signage is provided.
    12. 12. Campus Gateway • Artist representation of proposed entrance of Government College of Engineering, Amravati
    13. 13. Entrance of college • Artist representation of road crossing at the entrance of Government College of Engineering, Amravati
    14. 14. Road Network • Existing road network of the campus
    15. 15. • Proposed road network of the campus
    16. 16. Advantages of Road Network • All the main buildings of departments, hostels, staff residential area and sports area is on the main roads • It will create direct access to any place in college campus from main road • Footpath, Arboriculture, Landscaping, Benches, Shelters, Drinking Water, Toilets, Dust bins, etc. are provided along the road network to attract more pedestrians which will serve as a pollution free campus theme
    17. 17. Proposed cross-section of road
    18. 18. Pedestrian Lighting • To enhance ambience and ensure pedestrians feel safe travelling the campus, a higher level of lighting is recommended Figure showing physical features for illumination and lighting system.
    19. 19. Student Activity Center (SAC) Location Located along the entrance main road and opposite to then frontal area of Civil Engineering Department  Features gymkhana, Prajwalan control room, alumni office, conference hall, meeting hall, computer Centre, auditorium, food court area, hospitals, estate management office, rehearsal halls, student co- operative Centre, photocopy facility, gymnasium, general stores, coffee, etc.
    20. 20. Graphic representation showing entrance area for Student Activity Centre
    21. 21. Graphical representation showing common hall and other facilities
    22. 22. Graphical representation showing common hall and other facilities
    23. 23. New Departmental Buildings • Building Sites and Orientation • This design approach is often conceptualized as creating an ‘indoor-outdoor’ environment -- usually accomplished by devoting large building wall areas to glass doors and windows adjacent to outdoor patios and gardens • Building floor plan would typically be developed as rectangle, “L” or “U” forms serving to frame and therefore create campus open spaces.
    24. 24. Artist representation of departmental green buildings
    25. 25. Campus Way finding and Sign Design Guide • To better articulate the location, and content of all major campus signs a Master Way Finding/Sign Plan should also be developed • Major campus identity signs associated with campus gateways, vehicular circulation systems and pedestrian pathways are provided. • Sign board with a map of campus is provided. map is marked with ‘you are here' mark so that visitors will understand the map easily.
    26. 26. Building identification,Way findings and Sign bord
    27. 27. Sculpture Garden and Amphitheatre • Develop a pathway system that signals a logical access to the college Theater and the campus interior; use pathway special paving, pedestrian lighting, landscape systems and campus banners to visually identify the pathway connecting the SAC. • Open canteen is provided. • Contemporary style Amphitheater is provided. • Events like AAGAZ & all student related small programs can be conducted in this open theater.
    28. 28. Amphitheatre
    29. 29. Student Housing Areas • Master Plan proposes that the student housing areas be developed to a higher density than the current campus housing. 7 new boys hostel comprise of pg. students, visitors , tyranny student hostel having capacity of 300 each should be provided.2 new girls hostels of capacity 360 are proposed. • Separate parking facility should be provided for hostels. • A common mess is provided for all boys hostel. • A key to the planning and design of future campus student housing areas would be the creation of a contained residential community where students could live, study, dine and recreate within a comfortable residential environment.
    30. 30. Proposed Boys Hostel Cluster
    31. 31. Staff housing area • Master plan includes the residential township for its staff members. The scope of this housing scheme is to accommodate 50% of the institute’s staff. • The township will contain 12 apartment schemes of G+4 types. Each floor will contain spacious two 3BHK apartment with carpet area of 1200 sq. ft. and one 2BHK apartment with a carpet area of 1000 sq. ft. Thus one apartment scheme will contain eight 3BHK and four 2BHK apartments. Thus 144 families of class I faculty will be accommodated in the apartment schemes. • 18 row houses are provided for heads of the department and dean. The township thus accommodates around 162 families of faculty. • The township is provided with gardens and playfields for children, also a recreation center is provided at the core of the township. • Class III employees will be provided with 800 sq. ft. of apartments, while class IV employees will be provided with 600 sq. ft. apartments. The apartment schemes designed for class III will be G+2 having 4 apartments. Class IV employee’s apartment will be G+2 style with 3 apartments on each floor. Thus this township will accommodate 54 class IV employees while 48 class III employees. Thus it cumulatively account to 102 families.
    32. 32. Housing scheme For teaching faculty For non teaching faculty
    33. 33. Artist representation of Class I Housing
    34. 34. Sports Facility • In master planning of campus separate area for sports is provided on east side of campus. • It includes running track, cricket ground, separate football and hockey grounds are proposed. Indoor Sports Center includes badminton hall and table tennis facility. Two volley ball and two basketball ground are proposed along with the two tennis courts. • A bigger gymnasium is proposed near the area of boy’s hostel and besides the tennis courts
    35. 35. Proposed Sporting Facility
    36. 36. Centralized Parking Facility • Central parking is ensured so that the campus will be free from the pollution caused by the vehicular traffic. • Four places have been identified along the main roads dividing the campus, as the traffic will be allowed only on the main roads • Each parking facility will accommodate 500 to 700 two wheelers and 10 to 20 four wheelers depending on their size
    37. 37. Table Showing Details of proposed parking location and area under influence. Parking No. Location Area Under Influence 1. Beside Civil Dept. , Near Main Entrance Civil Engineering Department, Administrative Building. & Student Activity Centre New Department 1. 2. Besides To Canteen Electrical & Power Engg. Department, PhD Research Lab & New Department 5 3. Behind To New Extc Department Central Library, New Dept. 3, 4 & Extc 4. Behind To CS, IT Engg. Department. Workshop, Computer Science & Information Technology, Mechanical Engg , New Department 2 ,6
    38. 38. Location of parking facility
    39. 39. Some Other Modifications • A single point entry for students is provided from main gate, which is on main road as shown in map. • One more gate only for staff is provided on shegaon road as shown in map. Barriers are provided to restrict entry on pedestrian street. • Data center is shifted to existing gymkhana building. • Campus water & electricity facility is provided as shown in map.
    40. 40. In this part of Presentation PPP & its case for GCoEA Action PlanFinancial Trials
    41. 41. Public Private Partnership & a case for GCoEA Design, organize, and collaborate
    42. 42. What is Public- Private Partnership ?? • A government service venture which is funded and operated through a partnership of government and one or more private sector companies. A toll booth on a National Highway is the best example
    43. 43. TRENDS IN PPP • More than 50% of the major infrastructure projects in Maharashtra are based on the P3 model. • Delays in Govt. operated Projects. • A rapid increase in number of colleges. • In the 11th five year plan allocated around Rs 850 billion for higher education but according to Planning Commission, there is resource gap of about Rs 2.2 trillion. • PPP is a consequence of the New Public Management of the late 20th century, globalization pressures, and the advent of a more strategic rather than bureaucratic state. • HRD Ministry has initiated a new scheme of PPP in setting up 20 IIITs. • UGC set up a committee under K. B. Pawar to file a report on implementation of PPP in higher education
    44. 44. ? But wait… Why Public Private Partnership In GCoEA?
    45. 45. • In scenario Public funding is no more in a position to take-up the challenging task of expansion and diversification of the infrastructure of sate colleges to meet the continuously growing demands at present Government’s Position
    46. 46. • High population, rapid global growth is giving rise to the demand of infrastructure. Plan is to increase GER from 15% in 2011-12 to 30 % by 2020 • the standards of living and per capita consumption of students is also increasing. Demand and Consumption
    47. 47. • Preparing a master plan is easy, but bringing it to reality is difficult. • If the institute want to create infrastructure 2030 it can’t rely on government’s funds. • Different avenues need to be explored Institute’s Position
    49. 49. K. B. Pawar Committee • Model I – Basic Infrastructure Model: Private sector invests in infrastructure while government runs the operations and management and make annualized payments to the private investor; Mr. K. B. Pawar, (Former Secretary General, Association of Indian Universities, New Delhi) This committee was appointed by University Grants Commission to submit its report on PPP in higher technical education Model II – Outsourcing Model: Private sector invests in infrastructure and runs the operations and management while responsibility of the government is to pay the private investor for the specified services; Model III – Equity/Hybrid Model: Investments in infrastructure is shared between the government and private sector while operations and management vests with the Private sector; Model IV – Reserve Outsourcing Model : Government invests in infrastructure and the private sector takes the responsibility of operations and management. RECOMMENDATIONS
    50. 50. • The current strength of the college is assumed to be 2000 • As per earlier discussion the aim is to accommodate 4000 students by 2030 • Considering the reservations allowed by the government, it is assumed that 75% of students pay the development fees of INR 19150 /- • The estimate is considered to be 170 Crs. to make calculations easy. • Interest rate on investment is considered 10 p.c.p.a. • Average rate of inflation from 2009 is considered 5%. • Entire development fees collected will be directed towards the Project. • Per capita income growth rate is considered below 9%
    51. 51. PROCEDURE • Net capital to be invested in a particular year will be the base of calculations, rather than considering the entities to be raised. • 2000 students will be admitted in the institute linearly. Which means 118 new admissions per year till 2030 • Considering the 75% reservation 88 students out of 118 will pay the development fees. • The amount will be calculated by multiplying the number of new admissions with the development fees charged in the respective year. • Net revenue received under development fees will be calculated. • The actual capital to be invested in that particular year will thus be computed by considering inflation. • Various trials will be undertaken to increase the development fees by combination of different payback periods and annual percent increase in fees. • Cumulative payback per year will be calculated. Due considerations will be given for the interest to be paid. • Various graphs are then plotted to understand the patterns.
    52. 52. Compute , edit, and analyse FINANCIAL TRIALS
    53. 53. Case 1 3 % Annual Increment in Dev. Fees
    54. 54. 3 % increment 3 year payback period
    55. 55. 3 % increment 4 year payback period
    56. 56. Inflation based Investment
    57. 57. 3 % increment 5 year payback period
    58. 58. 3 % increment 6 year payback period
    59. 59. 3 % increment 7 year payback period
    60. 60. 3 % increment 8 year payback period
    61. 61. Deficit Profile
    62. 62. Deficit Profile
    63. 63. 4 % increment 3 year payback period
    64. 64. Deficit Profile
    65. 65. 4 % increment 6 year payback period
    66. 66. Deficit Profile
    67. 67. 6 % increment 4 year payback period
    68. 68. Deficit Profile
    69. 69. 6 % increment 7 year payback period
    70. 70. Deficit Profile
    71. 71. 8 % increment 5 year payback period
    72. 72. 8 % increment 8 year payback period
    73. 73. Summary of Trials
    74. 74. IN 2030
    75. 75. Funds to be Sourced Versus Critical Payback For Different Percent Increment
    76. 76. Percent Increment Versus Funds to be Sourced For Different payback periodFundstobesourced Percent increment in development fees
    77. 77. Percent Increment Versus Critical Deficits For Different Year Percent increment in development fees Criticalpayback
    78. 78. Different avenues to Source the funds.
    79. 79. • Industries may be encouraged to be partners with educational institutions directly for the development of human resources dedicated to their interests. Raising of student fees to some extent, in consultation with student bodies and parents’ organizations. • Taxing the individuals, who had the benefit of the State resources in the past for their education, and the industries, • Borrowing and Re-financing of debt for infrastructure: The National Education Finance Corporation is proposed as a Development Financial Institution to support expansion in education infrastructure.
    80. 80. • The industries of specific discipline or shall be encouraged to establish the Research and Training centres to develop the necessary specialized man power. Automobile industry is a case point. • The new Companies Bill passed in Parliament in December 2012 makes it mandatory for corporate houses to contribute 2% of their profits as Corporate Social Responsibility.. • Encouraging alumni to contribute to their alma- mater. A very active and college devoted Alumni Association needs to be set up. • A tie-up with a foreign institution of higher education could also be a possible to make entry into the target markets.
    81. 81. • College can design their E-courses which could be leased/rented to other institutes with less experienced faculty . • Charging capitation fees and obtaining donations. • Launching lucrative and specific courses for foreign students. • Obtaining research grants from industries • Developing innovative educational programs/products, having high potential for raising resources, making use of the institutional autonomy. • Encouraging taking up national/international and Government funded R&D projects.
    82. 82. • Reducing manpower costs based on a formula developed by the college and Encouraging optimum utilization of infrastructure and equipment by reducing wastage and under utilization of facilities. • Harnessing the institution’s location advantages. • Encouraging knowledge – based consultancy services at the institutions • Sensitizing the students’ community regarding raising of resources for the institute
    83. 83. Action Plan A road map for seamless delivery
    84. 84. The target is to accommodate additional 118 students every year a) Increasing the intake in existing departments. b) Setting up new departments. c) Distributing the additional intake in existing as well as new departments. d) night college or a two shift college.
    85. 85. Depending on its capabilities to generate the deficits, institute shall choose any one combination of percent increment and payback period.
    86. 86. Institute may ask the government to grant it a special status
    87. 87. Four Principles that should guide the Institute • Ensure that the services to be provided respond to a clear public need and can be clearly identified and measured; • Ensure that public sector has the expertise to assess and manage risk; • Ensure that the partnership can deliver the high-quality, efficient and responsive services through an optimal allocation of risk; and • Ensure that there are clear lines of accountability and redress. When these are met, the only reason not to pursue a Public Private Partnership is failure of the administration‘s will
    89. 89. • adopt Basic Infrastructure Model as recommended by K.B. Pawar committee • be first of its kind in India wherein Public-Private- Partnership will be implemented in higher education on such a large scale. • At the institute level it will exceed the Planning Commission target to expand the higher education sector in all its modes of delivery to increase the Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) • infrastructure would finally match the infrastructure provided by IITs, NITs and other premier institutes..
    90. 90. • will encourage other institute to make steps toward environmental conservation • financially self-sufficient eventually. • enter in an agreement with the government to provide it with certain pre decided amount on money per year or the government • The state government should identify the college under some special scheme launched by the union or the state government
    91. 91. • A very ambitious project and not a cake walk. A separate team should be appointed which will be solely devoted on this project. The team should comprise of faculty, students, planners, managers et • Healthy relations with the industries and alumni should be maintained. • Decentralization must be encouraged with a broad frame work of Institute system.
    92. 92. THANK YOU With the feasibility of the project being explained; thorough consistency, determination and vision will definitely lead it to reality.